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Criminology: Classical and Positivist Schools of thinking

Criminology is basically those ponder about wrongdoing similarly as a social event, including the results, types, prevention, makes and the discipline for crime, and criminal conduct, and the impact furthermore change for laws. Criminology got should make uniquely common in the 19th century concerning illustration an constituent about sickle forward movement the place by and … Read more

Relevance of critical criminology

“The concept of critical criminology – that crime and the present-day processes of criminalization are rooted in the core structures of society – is of more relevance today than it has been at any other time” (DeKeseredy, 2011, p. 1). Critical criminology has gained traction in recent years, with its devotion to questioning the definitions … Read more

Is crime important for society

We were all taught since the early stages of our education that the beginning of a worthwhile living is the confrontation with ourselves, to evade our inner demons and achieve a serene inner character. We are all inscribed with the belief that all felony or misconduct is the root of why a community is crumbling … Read more

Importance and impact of Islamic Resistance Movement on Middle East Security

THE IMPORTANCE AND IMPACT OF THE ISLAMIC RESISTENCE MOVEMENT ON MIDDLE EAST SECURITY Abstract: This study aims to present a photographic perspective concerning the contemporary islamic terrorism from the point of view of international relations. In the last decades, this violent form of religious and military manifestation plays a key role in the international system … Read more

Inside the mind of a serial killer

People become serial killers for many reasons. Serial Killers are people with three or more separate events with an emotional cooling off period between homicides with each. (Schechter and Everitt, 69). Serial Killers are the most frightening psychopaths because they do not reveal any of the basic human emotions-empathy, conscience, or remorse (Schechter and Everitt, … Read more

Development in Criminiology

Over the past century the field of criminology has changed drastically, with ideas like intersectionality quickly becoming more dominant when attempting to explain crime and the driving forces behind it. Gender has become increasingly important in the quest to understand criminal statistics and the disparities between the sexes. Gendered behaviors influence even street level crimes … Read more

What Happened to Madeleine McCann

  Madeleine Beth McCann born 12 May 2003 disappeared on the evening of 3 May 2007 from her bed in a holiday apartment in Portugal, sparking what one newspaper called “the most heavily reported missing-person case in modern history” Still to this day no one knows where she is or what really happened to her. … Read more

Criminality Existing with Humanity

Introduction Criminality has always existed together with humanity. With the development of technology, new methods of proving someone guilty derived, DNA research for example. Yet, even after centuries, the confession is still considered as ‘the Queen of Evidence’. Imagine a suspect being interrogated. There is a lot of evidence against him, and he seems nervous … Read more

Victim Surveys

Victim surveys are surveys in which people are asked about their experience in regards to being a victim of crime and whether the incident got recorded by the police. The surveys’ aim is to not only measure crime but discover more about the “reasons for the under-reporting of crime, the correlates of victimisation, the fear … Read more

Policing and digital technology

In policing, technological changes are driven by three related imperatives: to improve effectiveness and efficiency in work processes and service delivery, to meet the requirements of new forms of police organization management and accountability, and to satisfy external agencies demand for information. Police organizations, just like business organizations, have introduced information technology to further their … Read more

Displacement of crime

It has long been argued that crime moves in response to targeted law enforcement (Repetto, 1974; Hakim & Rengert, 1981; Barr & Pease, 1990), although the empirical evidence is often less convincing than the rhetoric (Eck, 1993; Hesseling, 1994).  There are arguments that due to the negative effects of the enforcement strategies that has actually … Read more

There is no single cause of Juvenile delinquency but there are many and varied causes

There is no single cause of Juvenile delinquency but there are many and varied causes. (i) Mobility The rapid growth of industrialization and urbanization has led to expansion of means to communication, travel facilities and propagations of views through press and platform. Migration of persons to new places where they are strangers offers them opportunity … Read more

Becoming an FBI agent

Growing up I always considered that I was going to be working in a hospital, always helping others. My mother was a nurse and my stepdad was a doctor, so I felt the need to follow in their tracks. In bad situations when someone was hurt, I was always the first to react. Never did … Read more

Imprisonment in Ireland

The perception of imprisonment in Ireland has changed over the years from being solely a form of punishment to a form of rehabilitation. There is no longer a view of prison being the only way to deter members of society from committing crime. Now, there is a better understanding of the multiple methods of both … Read more


“Cybercrime” combines the term “crime” with the root “cyber” from the word “cybernetic”, from the Greek, “kubernan”, which means to lead or govern. The “cyber” environment includes all forms of digital activities, regardless of whether they are conducted through networks and without borders. This extends the previous term “computer crime” to encompass crimes committed using … Read more


A blink into the future, and all crime is foreseen. The “precogs” within the Precrime Division use their predictive ability to arrest suspects prior to any harm. Although, Philip K. Dick’s novel, “Minority Report,” may seem far fetched, similar systems exist. One of which is Bruce Bueno de Mesquita’s Policon, a computer model that utilizes … Read more

Surveillance SPOT Programme

In an age where every facet of our lives is becoming increasingly public, it is crucial for us to understand domestic surveillance and how it pertains to modern society. At our fingertips, we hold more information than any previous generation (a wolf in sheep’s clothing perhaps). Our data is being collected and used to manipulate … Read more

Research Design Paper: Hot Spot Policing

Hot Spot policing has been proven effective in reducing disorder-related crime in locations where it is prevalent. There is significant evidence to support the effectiveness of this program. This strategy is based on the broken windows theory of crime which explains that crime is prevalent in areas with high levels of physical and social disorder … Read more

Recidivism among the young male population

Recidivism among the young male population continues to be a concern for society over the last decade. Based on the National Institute of Justice, “Recidivism is measured by criminal acts that resulted in re-arrest, reconviction or return to prison with or without a new sentence during a three-year period following the prisoner’s release” (“NRRC Facts … Read more

How to write a criminology essay

Criminology essays address various factors associated with crime i.e. its nature, victim, range of theories and other social theories in order to arrive at a conclusion that answers the question.

The below sections give you fundamental guidelines on how to write a criminology essay.

Before writing the criminology essay, it is advised to divide the work into following steps:

Step 1: Preparation

Prior to writing, it is necessary to understand the question by asking ourselves about the requirement. Recollect whatever information you know about the question and indentify relevant sources from where you can get additional information that can address the question appropriately. Criminological essays are more often related to types of crime or associated theories. So it is necessary to understand the question beforehand, consider the various parts of the questions and try to explain the inter-relationships among them. Compare the objects in questions, present an argument and make critical observations on how a particular question needs to be answered. For example, if the question is to analyse various criminological theories in respect to a particular crime, you are being asked to present an argument on available theories and find correlation to the crime in question. There are valuable resources on key essay terms published by the University of Manchester and it may be a useful resource before beginning the essay.

Step 2: Research

Analyzing the question is an important activity before beginning to write the essay. Once you have detailed analysis of the questions, you are aware of the terms that need to be researched, what sort of information will be required and what method should be used to collect the information which can form the basis of answering the question. Gathering information becomes easier when you know the exact term that needs to be researched. For instance, in the above example, various criminological theories need to be analysed in particular. ‘Criminological theories’ needs to be researched from various sources which brings us plenty of information. Well, sources for criminology research are numerous for e.g. ISI web of knowledge, BUBL link catalogue, Criminology research council, Institute of Criminology and many other agencies. Nevertheless, the internet provides links to websites where papers on criminology are published and are available for free as well as on subscription.

Step 3: Planning – Writing and Formatting

After thorough research is done on the topic and necessary information collected, the next step is to design a structure in such a way that the gathered information is grouped under various themes and organise the themes into a meaningful order. The information should be organised under different sub-heads so that it’s easy to use the information without confusion. Such arrangement will help you in deciding what you are going to say in the essay. This will form the introduction and will lay the basis for argument in the coming sections. The Introduction should demonstrate the understanding and importance of the research question and how the writer is going to present the answer. The next thing is to ‘say whatever you want to say’ about the topic in question and present a valid argument through critical analysis. Then note down every point from the resources, and whatever you intend to say in the introduction and body, which will finally conclude the answer providing befitting response to the question.

Formatting in essay writing is of paramount importance. There are certain institutions, universities and other agencies that set guidelines regarding margin, font size, style and the way of presentation. Nevertheless, it is necessary to ensure that essay is formatted using classic fonts like Times New Roman or Arial, sized at 10 or 12 with line spacing of 1.5 or double and that the margins are 1″ on all sides of the A4 paper.

Knowing how to write a criminology essay is not only about writing the actual essay. It is also about the content you use, and your use of spelling and grammar. Once you feel that paper has been completed, read through the paper so as to ensure that any missing content or unnecessary statements are deleted or added and to rectify spelling and grammatical errors.

Step 4: Plagiarism

Because you have to refer to various sources that include books, websites, articles, periodicals, etc, it is inevitable that we are going to use the information collected from these sources. It is necessary to acknowledge the rightful author whose information has been used through appropriate citation and referencing. This is necessary to avoid plagiarism which is a serious offence and continuous instances of plagiarism will result in failure and dismissal. Using a free tool such as can be helpful to ensure you haven’t accidentally plagiarised.

Step 5: Referencing

There are guidelines that have been set by institutions like Modern Language Associations (MLA), American Psychological Associations (APA), Harvard, etc. which determine the style of in-text citations and referencing. Therefore, be sure to cite the sources and provide the full list of sources used in the referencing section. In text citation can be as follows:

Labeling theory is discussed by (Author, date)…

Similarly, this statement can be presented as: Author (date) mentioned labeling theory as…

For instance, if direct quotations are used in the text, it can be presented as:

Labeling theory is the work of…” (Author, Date, Page Nos).

All the sources mentioned in the text are required to be presented in the reference list on the final page like:

For Book

Last Name, Initial (year) Title of the Book, Ed. Place: Publisher’s Name

For Chapter in a book:

Last Name, Initial (Year) Title of the Chapter, In Initial (Ed) . Title of the Book, Place: Publisher’s Name

Journal Article:

Last Name, Initial (Year) Title of the Article Journal Title, Volume No., Page No.

We hope you liked reading our free ‘how to write a criminology essay’ guide.