Unemployment in Pakistan

INTRODUCTION:- Unemployment plays very important part in our life. Today I’m going to discuss about the unemployment in Pakistan. Unemployment is one of the biggest problem In Pakistan. That person in unemployed who has ability to do work and Is willing to do work but is unable to get job opportunity in the current situation … Read more

Value of Ringgit

INTRODUCTION According to study performed by Jeffrey A. Frankel, 2005 exchange rate is defined as the price of foreign currency. For instance, the exchange rate between Malaysian Ringgit and Dollar is generally expressed in dollar per Ringgit ($/RM). The exchange rate acts a major role in the country economy growth and easily being affected by … Read more

Poultry Industry In Nigeria

Poultry refers to all birds of economic value to man, examples include chickens, pigeon, duck, pheasant, quail, guinea fowl and recently ostrich all which belong to the zoological class aves.Atteh,(2004) stated that poultry have been on earth for over 150 million years, dating back to the original wild jungle fowl. Poultry offered a range of … Read more

The Greek Economic Crisis

The Greek Economic Crisis (Stratfor, 2011) Greece, a land fraught with conflict over her long and storied life. Greek geography has been both a blessing and a curse throughout history that stretches back to the 6th century BC. Greece has given the world many gifts, the first Olympic Games in 776 BC and classical Greek … Read more


GERMANY SECTION 1 In the Euro Area Germany is the largest economy and fourth largest in the world. Germany is among the leading exporting countries in the world, currently being third in the overall world ranking and its exports make up more than one-third of its national output. The major exports of Germany include vehicles, … Read more

Investment in a Global Business

Investment means the production of goods or capital utilized in the further production of other goods and services.Investment entails sacrificing current consumption in exchange for future utilization and benefits. Investment that accumulates over time compulsorily results in growth termed economic growth. Like every evolutionary stage, Investment started being concentrated on only physical production which created … Read more

Risk Measurements of the Economy

Every new method that emerges in risk measurement has been developed by improving the weak aspects of previous models. Researchers and investors discovered those aspects in consequence of past experiences and economic crises in financial markets. For example in 1970’s, fluctuations in interest rates caused high inflation rates which were resulted as economic stagnation in … Read more

Housing delivery systems

1.1. Background Housing delivery system in most of developing countries is an integration of various interrelated components which comprises land, building materials, infrastructure, building policies and regulations and the most crucial component is finance. Finance component in housing delivery is very important due to the fact that it cause huge financial requirement for housing production. … Read more


Abstract The ruling Ethiopia People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) in its notable second reform appraisal held in the aftermath of the 2005 national election concluded that the utmost priority of the government should be realizing fastest and sustainable economic growth that fairly benefits its citizens’ unless the very existence of the country wouldn’t be guaranteed. … Read more

Chinese FDI

Abstract In the early 21 century many Chinese companies ranging from a small shop to medium size enterprises in various industries could be seen positioning themselves in various parts of Africa, and Cameroon in arriving to complement other multinationals from other investing countries like US, UK, France etc. that have been there to a lesser … Read more


1 Introduction As important determinants of investment and consumption decisions, expectations are an important field of research in macroeconomics. Especially in the attempt to un- derstand the dynamics and fluctuations in economies, various theories of expectation formation have been developed. As a first model, the theory of adaptive expectations assumed businesses and individuals to form … Read more

Investment in property during Brexit

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background and Problem Statement Investing in property is a big business that can become highly profitable. There are main two types of property investment, which are buy-to-sell and buy-to-let. Buy-to-sell investment involves property development activities such as renovation and re-lease or selling of existing buildings in order to make a profit … Read more

Social economics history

Living after the End of History, in which there is “no alternative” to neoliberal capitalism, defending any form of planned economic relations is seen as harmlessly anachronistic at best or outright malevolent at worst. After all, the decay and final implosion of the Eastern Bloc regimes seemed to confirm once and for all the moral … Read more

How trade increase welfare

This part of the paper attempts to provide a brief summary of David Ricardo’s concept of comperative advantage and Samuelson and Jones’ Specific Factor model, as well as indicating a comparison between the two, alongside with their merits and shortcomings. In 1776, Adam Smith in his An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the … Read more

Earthquakes in Nepal

What Happened? Background Information, Statistics, and More   Three years ago, on the 25th of April 2015, the worst earthquake since 1934 devastated Nepal, creating massive damage and loss of human lives. The earthquake measured a 7.8 magnitude on the Richter scale, impacting roughly 8 million, injuring over 22,000, and killing nearly 9,000 individuals. To … Read more

Colombian exchange

It is difficult to overstate the importance of the Columbian exchange and its effects are still evident to see today. The exchange of organic produce, livestock and disease from 1492 onwards have shaped cultures around the world. The traditional agents of the Exchange have been viewed as Europe and the Americas, however Nunn and Qian … Read more