Toilet design

Different design can be used for different kind of toilets, for this matter we are looking into different designs for Urine ‘ Diversion Dehydration Toilets (UDD ‘ toilets) and Composting Toilets. The difference between the UDD ‘ toilet and the composting toilet is that the UDD ‘ toilet focus on getting the liquid (i.e. urine … Read more

Decision Support Systems

Ans: Decision Support System introduce to a class of systems which support in the process of decision making and does not always give a decision itself. Decision Support Systems (DSS) are a particular class of computerized information system that supports business and organizational decision making events. The DSS basically helps in the information system in … Read more

Frequency counter project

Introduction : Modern multi-function test equipment utilize a microcontroller in their designs frequency meters are extensively used in industry for measuring frequency and period of continuous singles .analogue signals are normally passed through a filter and a zero crossing circuit to make the signal amplitude compatible with TTL input of microcontroller provide reasonably accurate result … Read more


2.1 Introduction A Fuel Cell is an Electro-Chemical cell that converts a source fuel into an Electrical current. It generates Electricity inside a cell through reactions between a fuel and an Oxidant, triggered in the presence of an electrolyte. The reactants flow into the cell, and the reaction products flow out of it, while the … Read more

Piezoelectric actuators

Increases in microprocessor power dissipation coupled with reductions in feature sizes due to manufacturing process improvements have resulted in continuously increasing heat fluxes [1]. The ever increasing heat flux has necessitated the development of new thermal management technologies. Although some of the solutions for high flux cooling problems based on liquid methods such as spray … Read more

Industrial load

In this project we have tried studying about nature of industrial load, designing of a PF corrector for the same and Development of a single phase PF corrector using PIC microcontroller chip. Using PIC microcontroller and sensors it measures and senses the PF of the load. With the help of programming done right it will … Read more

Manhole Rehabilitation

Manholes are underground loads assembled to give man- entry access for the maintenance of sewer and channel lines, water valves, metering gear, and so forth. They are liable to disintegration from ground water interruption, corrosion from fluids and gases and general decay from age. With the introduction of successful manhole repair advancements, the imperfections and … Read more

Electrical Engineering

Electrical Engineering is a standout amongst the most imperative designing fields. It is a blend of different majors, for example, hardware, computerized interchanges, information transfers, and force gadgets, sign handling, incorporated circuits, micro processors and controllers. Livelihood opportunities are bounty in this field of study. Designers of this stream get employments in PC related firms, … Read more

Transmitters – findings

1. It is shown that the transmitters on the basis of direct modulated lasers using a pump structured provide significant improvement of the quality of communication systems at 10 Gb/s in the optimization of receiver and structure of the pump signal. The conditions are found in which the transmission range using such transmitters is increased … Read more

Shape optimisation

For minimum speed operation it is ideal to utilize a high lift and low drag asymmetric thick which has various benefits. VAWTs outfitted with the asymmetric airfoils in order to optimize the self starting and particular aerodynamic systems may used in areas with low or turbulent air. Shape optimization is one of the most important … Read more

What is Car Automation?

Since the dawn of time, man has used tools to automate fundamental tasks. Walking turned to horses, then carriages pulled by horses, and eventually to machines capable of self-propulsion under human guidance. The birth of the automobile is widely believed to have begun with the 1769 design of the Cugnot Steam Trolley (pictured) by Jonathan … Read more

ATM interface

The last assignment talks the following points: ‘ Existing user interface of the ATM machine, ‘ The different problems and challenges faced by the user ‘ Some improvements in the user interface of the design . There is always a scope of improvement to any new design that has been developed. So here the target … Read more

Transmission systems

From the earlier days, interconnected systems are being used worldwide for the transmission of electric power. Generation of electric power and its utilization can be far away with transmission line. There will be transmission losses in the form of heat energy along the transmission line because the lines are not perfectly conductor. The total power … Read more


A TCAM has three major components (a) 8T BCAM cell that contains the stored data implemented using the cross coupled inverter and compare unit is implemented using pass transistor logic which compares the stored data with search data. Depending on the different applications, the compare unit can be implemented as XOR or XNOR functions. (b) … Read more

Manufacturing in the mid-18th century to mid-19th century

Introduction During the industrial revolution from about mid-18th century to mid-19th century, almost every part of the manufacturing was changed or improved. Three very important technological developments that boosted the revolution were in the textile world, in the use of steam power, and in the making of iron. The industrial Revolution had some kind of … Read more


Fracking is a fairly new method of extracting natural gas. Fracking can be defined as a method to remove natural gas from the ground. Another way to describe fracking also known as hydraulic fracturing is the process of creating fissures in underground formations to allow natural gas to flow (Natural Gas Extraction – Hydraulic Fracturing … Read more

Energy- Efficient Continuous Context Sensing Engine

Chapter One Introduction In recent years, the usage of mobile phone is increasing significantly across the world. According to statistics [1]as of 2013, 73% of internet users accessed the internet resources via a mobile device and this percentage projected to nearly 90% by 2017. Mobile phones’ number and types of integrated sensors, processing capacity, battery, … Read more