Girl by Jamaica Kincaid

Throughout time mother/daughter relationships have been tattered as woman’s liberation has taken place. Many mothers have the “old fashioned” opinion about what a woman should be. The short story “Girl”, by Jamaica Kincaid, is a prime example of this relationship. The theme in “Girl” strongly suggests that a woman should be domestic and there is … Read more

William Lutz – Manipulation of language

In “Language, Appearance and Reality: Doublespeak in 1984”, William Lutz explains how language can be manipulated to disguise its actions or shift responsibility. Referring to this as doublespeak – and exploring four sub-categories: euphemism, jargon, bureaucratese, and inflated language – Lutz identifies how its power is leveraged all around us to enhance truth or make … Read more

Socrates use of dialectic speech

Throughout the conversation occurring between Socrates (Plato) and the small group of sophists, he is clearly using dialectic speech. Socrates prompts each sophist with a series of questions and answers and it becomes evident that they each have differing views on rhetoric. Gorgias explains the nature of rhetoric as an art form and he defines … Read more

The Work of Representation by Stuart Hall

In chapter four of “The Work of Representation” Representation: Cultural Representations and Signifying Practice, Stuart Hall begins by giving an overview of Foucault’s perspective of discourse. Firstly, Hall summarizes Foucault’s main theories, giving us insight on what discourse is, how it differs from simple language, and how discourse could be used in varying situations. Foucault … Read more

The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock by T.S Eliot

Throughout his poem “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock,” T. S. Eliot uses various literary figures in well-known texts as the character J. Alfred Prufrock experiences anxiety and self-doubt. Allusions and direct references to works and authors Dante Alighieri, William Shakespeare, Andrew Marvell, and the Bible are used to compare and contrast Prufrock’s insecurities … Read more

Differences In Adult Male Jordanians’ Employment Of Morphology etc in Incidental English Lexical Acquisition

Potential Differences In Adult Male Jordanians’ Employment Of Morphology, Phonology, Syntax And Semantics-Knowledge In Incidental English Lexical Acquisition ABSTRACT Considering the popularity of Second Language Acquisition, this study examines a related area of inquiry- the incidental English lexical acquisition. This study aims at investigating the potential differences in employing different linguistic knowledge sources by adult … Read more


AN INVESTIGATION ON THE INFLUENCE OF TEMPERAMENT ON L2 ACHIEVEMENT IN TURKISH INTERMEDIATE LEVEL OF EFL SPEAKERS ABSTRACT Since the dawn of psychology, there have been researches which were conducted to understand man’s behavior and reason behind these actions and reactions and how it affects language acquisition, including L2 acquisition, amongst others. This study examined … Read more

ESP (English for specific purposes)

Chapter One 1.1Introduction 1.2 ESP Genesis 1.3Definition of ESP 1.3Branches of ESP 1.4 ESP course Design 1.5. Approaches to course design 1.6 Needs Analysis 1.7 Models of Needs Analysis 1.8. Syllabus Design 1.8.1. Definition of Syllabus 1.8.2. Factors affecting Syllabus Design 1.9. The ESP syllabus 1.9.1 Teaching materials 1.9.2 Teaching 1.9.3Evaluation and Assessment in ESP … Read more

The Effect of Explicit and Implicit Corrective Feedback on the Use of Collocations in Speaking Assignments by Iranian EFL learners

Abstract Collocations are one of the areas generally considered problematic for EFL learners. Iranian learners of English like other EFL learners face various problems in producing oral collocations. The goal of this study was to analyze the difference between the effects of two types of feedback including explicit and implicit on learners’ accuracy with regard … Read more

What factors might cause an individual to vary their use of language?

Language variation is a topic which evokes much discussion within the study of sociolinguistics. As humans we all develop a unique pattern of speech, influenced by factors such as context, geography and ethnic origin,which are just some of the components which contribute into constructing a person’s individual idiolect. This concept can be used to explain the … Read more

How to write an English language essay

The difference in essay types

The difference between an English language essay and other essay types lies in its substance rather than its procedure.

Its substance is the semantics of the language which include grammar, style, or literary theory. This is unlike, for example, writing an English essay whose focus is literature works and author. However, the procedure of writing an English language essay is the same as that of writing any other essay. You begin by selecting a topic of interest, distilling this topic into a thesis statement, carrying out research, developing an outline and writing your paper.

Topic selection

You can never run short of topics to write when writing your English language essay. There are as many topics to write about as there are English words. It all depends on your ingenuity to invent topics. Here are a few topics you might write about: 1) How language is learned 2) How people perceive and understand language 3) How language is misused 4) How slang is invading the English language-the list is endless.

Thesis statement

After selecting your topic of interest you are now supposed to distil it into a clear and manageable thesis statement. The thesis statement will be the central point of your essay. It describes the overall point of the essay. Your essay will get its unity-flow and coherence- from the thesis statement. The Thesis statement for the topic “How Slang is Invading the English Language” can be: By including slang words in the dictionary, developers of the English language have inadvertently permitted the usage of such words in both formal and informal forums. The whole essay will be a development of, or connected to, this statement (Thesis statement).

Doing Research

Learning how to write an english language essay can take a long time and doing the research is a part of this. Your argument will be founded on the kind of research you conduct. That is why it is critical that you know how to distinguish between what is a fact from that which is an opinion. A fact is a reliable piece of information that can be identified through independent sources or procedures. An opinion, on the other hand, is a judgment or inference that may or may not be based on facts. You lose credibility when you peddle opinions as facts in your essay. For example, when doing research on “Misuse of Language” you may come across statements such as: “Americans speak bad English.” While a good number of Americans speak bad English, there are some who speak fluent English. Such a statement is not a fact but an opinion.

The places you seek your sources will determine the credibility of your research. The internet might be a combination of all the world libraries but it is not the best place to do your research. Some websites give opinions as facts. Specifically, avoid Wikipedia, Ezine articles, About.Com etc. You probably have access to databases such as Jstor which contain peer-reviewed journals. Basically, use your library and lecture notes for a factual and credible research.

Remember to capture specific, interesting examples which illustrate a particular point about the English language. In this way readers can be aided in their understanding. Moreover, keep tabs of these examples as they will come in handy when crafting your outline.

Developing an outline

Before you begin the writing the essay, take some time to develop an outline. An outline will provide you with an organized framework which is essential for logical flow of thoughts. It will also give your essay a convincing and easy to follow argument that is connected to your thesis statement. In the outline, each section will be divided into paragraphs. Each of these paragraphs should have their own micro-thesis which are tied to the main thesis. These micro-thesis are popularly known as topic sentences. A topic sentence in each paragraph is followed by four to six sentences that develop it.

Writing of the paper

Part of knowing how to write an english language essay is leanring the steps. The final step is writing the essay. An English language essay, just as any other essay, can be broadly divided into: the introduction, the body and the conclusion.


In most essays the introduction is captured in a single paragraph known as the introductory paragraph. The introductory paragraph announces the topic, sets the tone and captivates the reader. It also has the thesis statement which is a single idea that is clearly focused and specifically stated.


The body of the essay contains a discussion of the thesis statement. Indeed, the body is the essay. Unlike the introduction and conclusion which have one paragraph each, the body has several paragraphs. Each paragraph has mini-thesis that explains, develops or is simply connected to the main thesis. These mini-thesis are followed by four to six sentences which can be examples, facts, or opinions. The last sentence in paragraph is closing summary that will connect the thought to the next paragraph.


The conclusion, like the introduction, comprises one paragraph. It is a paragraph that reviews all the main points in the essay. You can also conclude your essay by rephrasing your thesis, directing the reader to larger issues, or encouraging your readers to alter their actions.


What you have written is the first draft. The first draft might have a faulty structure; may be it has fallacies; may be the language you used cannot be understood by your audience; or may be some ideas which need to be enfleshed. You need to revise this draft. Revision is different from editing and proof reading. Revision means, “to see again.” It entails taking a fresh look at your essay and rethinking what you have written.


If you are satisfied with your revised paper, you now need to edit individual sentences for effectiveness, clarity and variety.


The last thing to do is to proofread your essay for grammatical mistakes and spelling errors. Your English language essay is now good for your professor’s eyes.

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