Soil and nutrients

Questions concerning soil fertility, erosion and the use of fertilizers are currently at the forefront of the global agricultural agenda. By the middle of the 21st century, enough food will need to be produced to sustain approximately 9 billion people (Pretty el al., 2010). However, agricultural fields that are ploughed using conventional methods have increased … Read more

Green buildings

Global warming problem has become the focus of world attention. In recent years, the greenhouse effect has made a heavy global climate change and has seriously developed many illnesses and changes to our environment. These include ground level ozone which is a by- product of atmospheric reaction between nitrogen oxides, volatile organic compounds, methane, and … Read more

Bioethanol production from agricultural waste

ABSTRACT Renewable energy is now capturing a good share of the worldwide headlines because of concerns about declining supplies of fossil fuels, escalating population and industrialization triggering ever-increasing demand of fuels. Worldwide ethanol demand is increasing continuously. Conventional crops such as corn and sugarcane are unable to meet the global demand of bioethanol production due … Read more

Biological diversity

WHAT IS DIVERSITY? During Convention on Biological Diversity, the most general accepted definition of biodiversity was ‘variability among living organisms from all sourcesand the ecological complexes of which they are part; this includes diversity within species, between species and of ecosystems’ (UNCED, 1992). The main focus of our assessment is to estimating genetic diversity ‘within … Read more

Sustainability and global warming

The principles of sustainability refer to the environmental, economic and socio-cultural aspects of tourism development. To guarantee sustainability in the long run a suitable balance must be found between these three aspects. Sustainable tourism should make optimal use of environmental resources that account for needed elements in tourism development, helping to preserve biodiversity and natural … Read more

Jamaica Bay

Jamaica Bay is a beautiful 9,151.8-acre sanctuary located on the southern side of Long Island, and between Brooklyn and Queens. It is filled with countless islands, waterways, meadows, and even two ponds that are home to many wondrous organisms. Jamaica Bay contains over 325 species of birds, 60 species of butterflies, 90 species of fish, … Read more

Biodiversity

The degree of variation of life is called; biodiversity. It is a measure of the variety of organisms present in different ecosystems on earth. This can refer to genetic variation, species variation, or ecosystem variation, within an area, biome, or planet. Biodiversity tends to be highest around the equator, which is probably resulted the warm … Read more

Prospects of exploiting energy corridor

Introduction 1. The availability of energy resources is considered as one of the key components for economic development. As the development process accelerates, the demand on energy automatically increases. Hence, owing to the fact global energy consumption has more than doubled since 1970s. Continually increasing energy demand has forced countries to intensify efforts both from … Read more

Renewable low-carbon energy generation

In September 2013 the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) published the Fifth Assessment Report briefing in its climate change series. Garnering international attention, the report has concluded that scientist’s are now 95% certain that humans are the ‘dominant cause’ of global warming [IPCC, 2013]. The report follows decades of scientific consensus around the potential … Read more

Renewable energy

In September 2013 the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) published the Fifth Assessment Report briefing in its climate change series. Garnering international attention, the report has concluded that scientist’s are now 95% certain that humans are the ‘dominant cause’ of global warming [IPCC, 2013]. The report follows decades of scientific consensus around the potential … Read more

Determinants of Awareness in Concern to the Climate Change Among Malaysian Students

Abstract Climate change continues to be an issue that generates a lot of discussion globally. With various initiatives, protocols and declaration being set out to avert the consequences of an unchecked environment usage, the factors that contribute to knowledge and awareness of climate change will present an area of study to academicians. Studies carried out … Read more