Sickle Cell Disease

Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) is defined as ‘a group of inherited blood cell disorders’1. People diagnosed with this disease have abnormal haemoglobin called sickle haemoglobin (Haemoglobin S or HbS) which distorts the red blood cells into a crescent shape rather than the typical biconcave disk.2 Haemoglobin is the protein in red blood cells which transports … Read more

Cancer: an annotated bibliography

“Breast/Ovarian Cancer, Hereditary.” World of Genetics. Gale, 2007. Science in Context. Web. 18 Mar. 2015. In essence, this database articles clarifies about the parts of what breast cancer and ovarian cancer do to women. Some data discusses how women are fundamentally susceptible to getting these two sorts of cancers. For the most part breast cancer, … Read more

Cell death in health and disease

Introduction Since the 19th century, cell death has been appreciated but until the 20th century no experimental investigation had taken place. 1 It was later suggested that programmed cell death (PCD) has been a vital mechanism in the survival of multicellular organisms.2 Cell death is an ongoing process in the human body before and after … Read more

Tight junctions

Tight junctions (TJs) are occluding junctions which act as barriers that control paracellular permeability and regulate trans-epithelial water and solute movement. The structures are composed of integral transmembrane proteins that link adjacent cells, with an effect on cell-cell adhesion and epithelial permeability. It also works as a boundary between the apical and basolateral plasma membrane … Read more

Sjogren’s syndrome

INTRODUCTION Sjogren’s syndrome (SS) is a common systemic autoimmune disease usually confined in the exocrine glands (mainly salivary and lachrymal), leading to desiccation of oral and ocular mucosal tissues. Nevertheless, systemic manifestations can arise in a remarkable proportion of SS individuals, with non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL) development being the most severe complication [1]. While mucosa associated … Read more


These benign reflux episodes are 90% cleared by a secondary peristalsis wave and 10% cleared by saliva neutralizing the remaining substance; and tend not to pose a danger for heartburn or inflammation. Thus, 80% to 90% of reflux episodes go unnoticed or are asymptomatic. It can be considered, then, that GERD patients are categorized into … Read more

Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Pseudomonas aeruginosa, the most common opportunistic pathogen is found in many environments and can cause acute or chronic infections in a range of hosts from protozoans to plants to humans(Bodey et al., 1983; Morrison and Wenzel, 1984). Meanwhile, this pathogen associated with morbidity and mortality in patients suffering from cystic fibrosis (CF), causes chronic lung … Read more

Early pregnancy loss

Early pregnancy loss is defined as the termination of pregnancy before 20 weeks of gestation or a foetal weight of less than 500g. It is a very common incident with the majority of spontaneous miscarriages happening within the first 12 weeks of pregnancy. It accounts for over 50,000 hospital admissions in the UK annually where … Read more

The urinary system

The urinary system has an important role within the body maintaining homeostatic balance by ensuring the waste products get excreted, keeping water balance in the body and assisting with blood pressure and volume (Brooker and Waugh, 2013). Water is vital for human survival, it has many important and vital functions within the body. Every cell … Read more

Association between MDM2 SNP309 T>G ( rs2279744) polymorphism and Thyroid tumors

Abstract Background: MDM2 SNP309 (rs2279744) is a single nucleotide T>G polymorphism present in the first intron of the MDM2 gene and a negative regulator of p53 tumor suppressor protein. The findings suggest that MDM2 309TG polymorphism may be a risk factor for several cancers. This study examined clinical associations of thyroid tumors with SNP309 in … Read more

Cell death in health and disease

Introduction Since the 19th century cell death has been scrutinised and appreciated but until the 20th century no experimental investigation had taken place. [1] It was later suggested that programmed cell death (PCD) has been a vital mechanism in the survival of multicellular organisms. Cell death is an ongoing process in the human body before … Read more

Bevacizimab, Cetuximab and Panitumumab

This literature review examines the literature and clinical trials assessing the safety, efficacy, and effect on overall survival and progression free survival of the three “MABS”. Bevacizimab, Cetuximab and Panitumumab are three monoclonal antibodies used in the treatment of colorectal cancer and other cancers. The three have been proven to significantly improve overall survival of … Read more


TASK ONE: Research and Analyse Healthcare Policy, Provision and Funding in one National Context A. Critically Assess on the Impact that Social and Cultural Issues have in attitudes towards Healthcare using their chosen Nation as an example Social issue can be described as the issues which influences and can be opposed by setting number of … Read more

The Effects of Chronic Marijuana Usage on Neurocognition and Cognitive Abilities in Adolescents

Abstract This study seeks to observe the effects of chronic marijuana usage on the neurocognition of adolescents and the extent to which such effects, if any, influence their cognitive abilities. This longitudinal study will analyze various factors, such as: age at onset of usage; frequency of usage, duration of usage; and gender; and whether these … Read more

Moral judgments and group membership

Moral judgments and group membership appear to go hand in hand. Interestingly, the existing literature on how group membership specifically alters our perceptions of the morality of others is limited in scope. Intuitively, it stands to reason that people would be more likely to perceive members of their ingroup as morally superior than members of … Read more

Mental health guidance for children and teens

One in four people in the world will be affected by mental or neurological disorders at some point in their lives. Around 450 million people currently suffer from such conditions, placing mental disorders among the leading causes of ill-health and disability worldwide Below are some common mental illnesses that affect children and teens: Anxiety disorders … Read more

Alcohol – reflective

Alcohol is something that people drink because of different reasons. Some drink because it calms them down, some drink because it excites them, some drink because it makes them hysterical. There are so many reasons why people drink but it is not something that is necessary to have in order to have a good time. … Read more

Physician Assisted Suicide (PAS)

The debate in regards to ethics in Physician Assisted Suicide (PAS) has been a popular argument that has been in the headlines for many years now. But, the questions still remain; is PAS ethical, and should more states adopt these laws? Or is PAS a violation of non-maleficence and beneficence? There is no right or … Read more

Psychological health in athletes

Psychological health is a sensitive topic and many people including athletes experience different forms of psychological health problems throughout their life. Our study is designed to identify the psychological health of Division II collegiate athletes following acute, non-traumatic and non-surgical musculoskeletal injuries. The literature analyzed incorporates multiple questionnaires in order to track changes in emotional … Read more

How to write a health essay


Understanding how to write a health essay starts with understanding the question being asked. Only after understanding the question can you conduct thorough and specific research and structure your arguments properly.

The research, which should largely be from peer reviewed journals, is followed by the writing proper. In your senior education experience there will be different questions for health essays but their responses should follow the same structure. The conventional structure is one with the Introduction, the Body and the Conclusion. After completing the first draft, its arguments should be refined. Then you put such finishing touches as the formatting structures in order. And before you hand in your paper make sure it is not plagiarised; that is well-referenced and is original.

Below is a guide on how to write a health essay and if you follow these guidelines you give yourself a better chance at getting the grade you are hoping for:

Understand the essay question

An understanding of the question being asked is the beginning of writing a successful health essay. Get the question that is being asked, wrong, and it does not matter how well you elucidate your arguments, the essay will be wrong. With this in mind, take as much time as you can to understand the question being asked. Pester your instructor for clarification; consult your dictionary for the precise meaning of those deceptive terms. Understanding the question being asked will help you develop a seamless structure for your essay. It will also demonstrate the direction you need to take when reading for your essay.

Research from Peer-reviewed Journals

Researching your health essay will be as time-consuming as writing it. You should comb through the mounds of research sources with a fine tooth comb. Choosing from the different sources is a research skill that needs to be cultivated as much as choosing the right words for your essay. At your disposal is your school library with all that it contains: both electronic and print; newspapers, magazines, encyclopaedias and health surveys.

You are also not restricted from contacting professional organizations and healthcare institutions. The list is wide and varied. Unless you have been prompted by your tutor to conduct interviews and surveys, you need to avoid health institutions and other professional bodies. Concentrate on non-empirical research materials.

For non-empirical/theoretical research it is advisable to use peer-reviewed journals. This helps you to directly evaluate research that bears on your research topic. Research on peer-reviewed journals is preferred to duplicating opinions and summaries from the textbooks and internet sources. Peer reviewed journals are the platforms where scientific debates take place. It is therefore a highly valuable skill to be able to disseminate findings from such authoritative platforms. It also goes a long way to demonstrate your understanding of the question in the essay. To access peer reviewed journals online you can visit such electronic databases like MEDLINE and PUBMED.

Structure your essay; introduction, body, conclusion

Different essay questions will invariably follow a similar structure. A conventional health essay should have the introduction, the main body and the conclusion.

The Introduction

The introduction should have an overview of what you plan to include in your paper. In addition, it should also indicate your plan on how to articulate your arguments.

The Body

The overview and how you plan to go about your arguments will be reflected in the main body. The arguments presented in the main body should be coherent and flow seamlessly from one to the other. The paragraphs should be written in such a manner that they naturally flow from one paragraph to the next.

The Conclusion

The conclusion contains a sum up of all that has been discussed in the main body. Also in the conclusion you can present the message you want your reader to get. Be careful not to go beyond what has been presented in the essay.

Refine your arguments for Coherence and Flow

After writing the first draft, you are supposed to make sure that your essay specifically addresses the question asked. You should also ensure that the arguments flow in a coherent fashion.

Students have employed several ways to ensure that their essay is specific and is coherent. The three most common ways include: leaving the essay for a week or more after writing the first draft before attempting changes; reading the essay aloud to enable judgments on coherence and flow; and diagramming the structure to ensure a logical progression.

Formatting structures for finishing touches

The finishing touches of a health essay have to do with complying with formatting structures set out by your higher education. You need to follow these formatting structures or else you will not impress your tutor and will not get the grades you are hoping for.

Some typical formatting structures include font size and style (size 12 and Times New Roman); margin size which should not go beyond 2cm; line spacing (the essay should either be doubled spaced or 1.5); and you double check if your essay requires footers and headers or not.

Avoid plagiarism by referencing properly

It is academic theft to use sources and not acknowledge its owners. This is called plagiarism. You should always acknowledge the sources you used to formulate your arguments. This can be achieved with proper documentation. Documentation entails proper in-text citation and referencing which is done at the end of the essay. Failure to do this will mean your essay will lack in originality and could get you kicked off of your course. A free plagiarism checker such as can help you double check you haven’t accidentally plagiarised.

We hope you gained a lot from reading our free ‘how to write a health essay‘ guide.