Herbals used throughout history

Herbals are selections of texts about the medicinal use of herbs and plants, created and used for over four thousand years; herbals are an important part of botanical history. The first ever herbals are believed to have been created in China at around 2700BC, the Egyptian, Arab and Graeco-Roman people produced them. The first printed … Read more

The Estates-General

The Estates-General was only summoned in times of extreme national crisis. This assembly was composed of three estates – the clergy, nobility, and commoners – who had power to decide on the levying of new taxes and to undertake reform in the country. Prior to the 1789 meeting of the Estates-General, there was a separate … Read more

The Spanish and Ottoman Empire

The Spanish empire and the Ottoman empire were both large empires, and they got empires, and they get there by conquering lands, cities, and other empires. The Spanish empire set out towards the Americans, the same way they drove out the Muslims in the Iberian Peninsula. The Spanish also used conquistadors which were conquerors that … Read more

Britain’s Role in the Slave Trade

Peak of Transatlantic Slave Trade – end of the 18th century. Though there were other European countries involved during this time, Britain was the key player in the slave trade. In Britain, abolitionists began a mass social movement calling for an end to the slave trade. Once Britain finally abolished the trade in 1807, other … Read more

The Nuremburg Rallies

The seventh of September 1934, Nuremberg, Zeppelin field; Adolf Hitler steps up to a podium surrounded by microphones and swastika flags, singularly orating the Nazi ideology to an estimated 200,000 supporters (Wilson, 2012;42)- an iconic symbol of the Nazi state. The Nuremburg Rallies were large scale state rituals performed from 1933 to 1938 (Nuremberg Municipal … Read more

The New Deal

The New Deal was intended to help nearly everyone at a time when nearly everyone needed help. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt started the new deal in 1933 to address a problem that was already old. The stock market crash of 1929 caused banks to fail, and there wasn’t enough money for people to buy things. … Read more

Marriage – Elizabeth I

Prospect of Marriage Elizabeth I’s avoidance of royal intermarriage through her early years and throughout her reign ultimately allowed her to keep total control of the powers given to her as Queen. Throughout European history the practice of royal intermarriage occurred when members of ruling families married into other powerful families. Often arranged, these marriages … Read more


THE INFLUENCE OF MATSUOKA YOSUKE IN US-JAPANESE RELATIONS PRECEDING THE ATTACK ON PEARL HARBOR, 1930–1942 To what extent did Japanese Foreign Minister Matsuoka’s pro-Nazi stance influence Japan’s decision to attack the U.S.? Abstract History reveals that all nations encounter a crossroads in their collective progress, one that insists upon the nation to decide between momentous … Read more

An Unseen Invention: Gunpowders Overlooked Impacts on Warfare and Society

Introduction Opening Statement: In the greater scheme of wars studied throughout history, gunpowder is often overlooked in its importance to the outcome of battles. Despite its negative connotation due to its primary function residing in firearms, gunpowder has had many overlooked significant impacts in history, namely its use in trade and naval warfare. It has … Read more

The witchcraft prosecutions

The witchcraft prosecutions reached its peak from 1560 to 1660; however, the belief in witchcraft existed long before the Early modern period. Early estimates claimed that around nine to ten million were killed during the witch hunts despite this recent research has proved that the number of those claimed to have been brought to trial … Read more

Martin Luther King Jr.

The idea of a prophet is a very interesting and controversial one, because of what a prophets job was in the Old Testament. In a general sense it was to spread the word of God even if it was not a popular idea. The prophets were also controversial because of their views and their image … Read more

The history of challenge and response

“Egypt is a gift from the Nile,” said Greek historian Herodotus. The annual flooding of the Nile has resulted in the development of solar power, geometry, architecture and astronomy. This principle was explained by the British historian Arnold J. Toynbee as ‘the principle of challenge and response’. Toynbee states, “History in the objective meaning of … Read more