elements of a specific business culture can influence cross-border buyer-supplier relationships

1.4 – Contribution The purpose of this study is to describe how elements of a specific business culture can influence cross-border buyer-supplier relationships and define the limitations, which should be explored in future research. Only a few prior studies have considered this role of cultural sensitivity in international exchange (Skarmeas, Katsikeas, & Schlegelmilch, 2002). Therefore, … Read more

Russia’s International Relations

INTRODUCTION RUSSIA- EUROPEAN RELATIONS The role of the Delegation involves reflecting upon political events, developments and trends within Russia, as well as between the EU and the Russian Federation, while at the same time supporting the EU-Russia political dialogue. The Delegation thus monitors political life in the country, including issues relating to the areas of … Read more

International security environment

I disagree with the above statement, I believe that the international security environment has illustrated that war, not peace, is the natural order through trends in conflict. In order to make this argument, I first lay down the parameters of my essay by defining what comprises the international security environment and the notion of peace … Read more


The present study has three main objectives – firstly, it aims to investigate whether there are cultural differences between Malaysian and Western young adults in their attitudes towards corporal punishment. This study further explored whether there are any racial differences within the Malaysian sample in their attitudes towards corporal punishment. It also sets out to … Read more


According to Linda Darkwa in her work ‘ The Challenge Of Sub-Regional Security In West Africa’(2011), there are three main sources of SALW in West Africa – existing stocks that are recycled; new imports, which may include brand-new weapons and ammunition as well as used weapons recycled from outside the sub-region; and local craft production … Read more

Doctors Without Borders

“Examine the challenges faced by Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières and the volunteer doctors involved in the Syrian refugee crisis” Doctors Without Borders is an “international humanitarian-aid non-governmental organisation” (1). The organisation was founded in 1971 by a group of doctors and journalists in reference to the Nigerian Civil War of 6 July 1967 – 15 … Read more

Nationlism in India

€˜Nationalism€™ in India, a country of extremely diversified cultures and religions and is a witness of a long history, it remains hardly an uncomplicated term. After the awful partition of India in 1947, the communal rights in different parts of the country have become a common sight to witness. Even in the 21st century, when … Read more

Nepal's society and economy

Nepal is a small country that is between China and India located in the southern region of Asia. Nepal is most known for their mountainous landscape. In Nepal, this landscape makes a huge difference on how issues of social, political, economic, and health are treated. For example, “Research by social theorists have revealed the effective … Read more

Domino Theory

From 1950s to the 1980s, the domino theory is a notorious theory which spread from one country to another country. In other words, if the communist influence a country, then the neighboring countries would follow in domino effect. This theory was introduced by United State. William Heinrich was an American industrial safety pioneer from the … Read more

Modern Society: Globalization

Is globalization beneficial or harmful to the world? Johnson (2002) on one hand is mainly focused on the beneficial side of globalization, but Stiglitz (2006) on the other hand diagnoses what has gone wrong and what can be done about it. Both authors have different points of view on globalization and illustrate this by giving … Read more

President's Obama's Iran agreement

Summary President’s Obama’s Iran agreement, with negotiations coordinated by Russia, China, France, Germany and the United Kingdom, is a controversial one since it would allow Iran to maintain its nuclear technology, continue with its human rights abuses, sponsor terrorism, imprison American hostages, and remain a threat to American allies. But the US states have the … Read more

Chinese culture

Thus in summary the Chinese concept are presented below as developed from (Geert-hofstede 2015) Concept Findings on the Chinese culture Power At least 80% of China sits in the higher rankings of Power index — this means that it is a society that believes that inequalities amongst people are acceptable. The superior affiliation to relationship … Read more

Post conflict reconstruction and development in Africa and Rwanda

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY 1.1 Literature Review 1.1.1 Introduction This section will be based on scholarly literature on post conflict reconstruction and development in Africa and also literature on the post conflict reconstruction and development in Rwanda. This section is deemed necessary for it will determine the justification of the research project. Post … Read more

The war on terror

The attacks of 11 September marked the beginning of an important new chapter of the war on terror. Since then, the United States adopted the secret detention system shifting the CIA role from spying to arrest and torture under the excuse of fighting terrorism. On 17 September 2001, President Bush authorized the Director of the … Read more

How to write an International Relations essay

International relations essays are pieces of academic writing that assess and contextualize important topics in international relations.

Most of these essays employ theoretical analyses to present ideas, arguments and criticisms on matters related to international relations. International relations essays offer analysis and debate, as well as an analysis of different perceptions on foreign policy and consequential impact. International relations essays; thus, require that the writer to reflects a superior ability to think critically and construct rational ideas.

These essays can address issues like foreign affairs, diplomacy, the international political atmosphere, the world economy, and current affairs. A political science student is expected to reflect ample knowledge of each of the aforementioned topics. A final international relations essay should conform to the instructor’s basic provisions like conformity to the topic of study, length and other writing requirements. Learning how to write an international relations essay can be a fun but challenging task. A good essay is one that has a swift flow of thoughts. These thoughts should show a clear connection between an international current affair, local economic, social and political affairs. The essay should be able to offer a comparison between current affairs and their impact with respect to local spheres. A clear relationship between local affairs and international affairs should be determined. Some of the major data sources for international relations essays include large foreign newspapers and national newspapers. These are some of the most trusted sources for information on current affairs. Others include respected journals, periodicals, and books. These can be sourced online, as well as from Google Scholar to determine the present mood and precisely analyze your topic.

The most common formatting styles include Harvard and APA. Most of the provisions of APA formatting style are similar to those of Harvard. For instance, both formatting styles direct that every page of the essay should comprise of a running head positioned at the top left of the paper. The running head is an abridged form of the title, usually in just a few words not exceeding 50 characters. The standard guidelines for international relations essays comprise of a brief introduction, the body that presents the main arguments and ideas, with a concluding paragraph. There should be even margins of one-inch both at the top and bottom, as well as left and right sides of the essay. The font should be double-spaced unless stated otherwise. The essay should have a title page with respect to the stipulated formatting guideline. A complete essay should also have a reference page. This is a separate page at the end of the essay and presents a list of all the sources used in constructing the essay. References should feature in alphabetical order with double spacing between each entry. Before constructing the final piece, you should refer to lecture notes from past lectures. The writer should maintain the flow of thoughts by conforming the introductory ideas to the other paragraphs. The succeeding paragraphs should work to expand the introductory ideas, as well as offer supporting information and detailed arguments with the aim of substantiating the claims made in an international relations essay. The concluding paragraphs should focus on emphasizing each major point presented in the essay. You should provide a concise acknowledgement to every point. This ensures a stable foundation of believability. The final piece of an essay should undergo a thorough proofreading session to eliminate grammatical and typographical errors. Other errors include faulty logic and lack of even transition.

Each paragraph of an international relations essay should have an introductory statement, also known as a topical sentence. The first statement in a paragraph should reflect the strongest point of view, cleverest description, the most significant example, or a clear beginning point. This offers the best way for securing the reader’s attention as they read the essay. The first paragraph; however, should be the main introduction to the essay. The topical statement should comprise of the “reverse hook”. This connects to the transitional hook towards the end of the introductory paragraph.

When learning how to start an essay, it’s important to include the correct information within each paragraph. The introductory paragraph should also comprise of a thesis statement, a type of mini-highlight of the paper. A thesis statement introduces the reader to the main argument of the essay. The last statement of the introductory paragraph should comprise of a transitional “hook”. Its purpose is to move the reader to the main part of the essay.

The strength of main arguments should reflect a descending sequence with respect to the strength of arguments. The strongest arguments should feature first followed by the less strong arguments. This also applies to the most significant examples, the cleverest descriptions, and others. The first sentence of the second paragraph should possess a reverse hook. Its purpose is to connect the transitional hook at the end of the initial paragraph of the main body. The topic of the second paragraph of the main body should feature in the first or second statement (sentence). The topic should reflect a clear relationship to the thesis statement presented in the introductory paragraph. The final sentence in this section should comprise of a transitional concluding hook. Its purpose is to signal the reader that the final major point has been reached. The hook also directs to the last or concluding paragraph.

A complete international relations essay should have a strong concluding paragraph. Although you have finalised the bulk of the essay, and completed the most complex body paragraphs, careful attention should feature while coming up with a favorable conclusion. A strong conclusion works to substantiate the main arguments in the essay. On the other hand, a weak conclusion works to weaken the arguments presented in your essay. An ample conclusion reinforces the main argument. As well as briefly encapsulates the mode of proofing your validity. New information should not be introduced at the concluding paragraph. One way of achieving this is through offering potential directions with respect to future research. Another way is through suggesting how the arguments forwarded in the essay opens up a completely new point of view about the specified topic. Nevertheless, care should be taken not to introduce completely new information in support of the thesis statement. If this information was important enough to the essay, it would have featured in the preceding arguments as well. Making it available in the concluding paragraph simply diverts the attention of the readers. This also detracts from the general impact of previously focused arguments.

The concluding paragraph is vital as it contains the summary of the whole essay. A brief summary of the main points in the preceding paragraphs is crucial. This presents the best way of reminding your readers of the effectiveness employed in discussing various evidences in the essay. The points do not need to be arguments, as this will be a repetition. The points simply require a reiteration to illustrate how they directly support and address the thesis statement. The conclusion offers the last impression of the essay that the reader receives. Careful attention should be observed in providing a link between the thesis statement and the main body. The thesis should be reiterated and conformed to the thesis statement provided in the introductory paragraph. Moreover, you should not merely copy the thesis statement from the introductory paragraph. In its place, the thesis should be paraphrased to reflect the progress achieved in the main body of the international relations essay.

The above guidelines are standard operating procedures when trying to understand how to write an international relations essay. This is an analysis of the main features of an international relations essay, including a connection of current affairs to theoretical frameworks, the need for strong introductory paragraphing, and topical sentences. Other main features include the main body, which should reflect a swift flow and ample conformity to the thesis statement.