International Trade

International trade is one of the driving forces in today’s world economy. Most of the global superpowers such as America and China rely heavily on trade for economic growth. Without it the steady growth of manufacturing output we have seen in many countries the last couple of decades would cease. Trade is crucial in many … Read more


INTRODUCTION World Trade Organization The World Trade Organization (WTO) is the international organization which deals with the rules of international trade and the conduct of trade in the international forum. The Organization enables in smooth and effective mechanism of the trade around the world. The WTO was established on January 1, 1995, created by the … Read more

Human nature is the driving factor of conflict and cooperation within international politics

Human nature in itself does not solely explain patterns of conflict and cooperation within international politics, however it is the basis upon which all other forces of these patterns can be explained. Many will claim that interactions between ethnicities, pursuits of national interests or protection of a state’s citizens also allow for an explanation of … Read more

Syria Crisis

The Syria Crisis is considered as the worst, most complex and dynamic humanitarian crisis of the 21th century, it is all began when anti- government protests against arresting and torture of some teenagers; who painted revolutionary slogans on the school wall in March 2011; was faced by intensive shooting and handed force by government force. … Read more

Cargo theft

Cargo thieves are becoming more strategic about how they strike.  A thriving black market keeps cargo thieves in business to the detriment of the global economy. Cargo crime is not new and has been around for centuries as history documented robbers attacking merchants on trading roads to pirates seizing ships at sea and to bandits … Read more

The European Union

ABSTRACT The European Union is a unique and valuable organization, actor. EU represents “the common community idea” that emerged after the WW II that had a devastating impact all the world. In time, the Union became multi-stakeholder and more complicated.  These processes include two different dimensions; institutional and political. The second half the century, the … Read more

China’s Belt and Road Initiative: The End of U.S. Hegemony

Place, date of submission: Regensburg, 2/1/19 Abstract China believes that the United States is an omnipresent threat to its sovereignty, territorial integrity and seeks to contain its rise. According to offensive realism, states with an abundant amount of power have the best chance of survival. Hence, China needs to maximise its power and potentially pursue … Read more

elements of a specific business culture can influence cross-border buyer-supplier relationships

1.4 – Contribution The purpose of this study is to describe how elements of a specific business culture can influence cross-border buyer-supplier relationships and define the limitations, which should be explored in future research. Only a few prior studies have considered this role of cultural sensitivity in international exchange (Skarmeas, Katsikeas, & Schlegelmilch, 2002). Therefore, … Read more

Russia’s International Relations

INTRODUCTION RUSSIA- EUROPEAN RELATIONS The role of the Delegation involves reflecting upon political events, developments and trends within Russia, as well as between the EU and the Russian Federation, while at the same time supporting the EU-Russia political dialogue. The Delegation thus monitors political life in the country, including issues relating to the areas of … Read more

International security environment

I disagree with the above statement, I believe that the international security environment has illustrated that war, not peace, is the natural order through trends in conflict. In order to make this argument, I first lay down the parameters of my essay by defining what comprises the international security environment and the notion of peace … Read more


The present study has three main objectives – firstly, it aims to investigate whether there are cultural differences between Malaysian and Western young adults in their attitudes towards corporal punishment. This study further explored whether there are any racial differences within the Malaysian sample in their attitudes towards corporal punishment. It also sets out to … Read more


According to Linda Darkwa in her work ‘ The Challenge Of Sub-Regional Security In West Africa’(2011), there are three main sources of SALW in West Africa – existing stocks that are recycled; new imports, which may include brand-new weapons and ammunition as well as used weapons recycled from outside the sub-region; and local craft production … Read more

Doctors Without Borders

“Examine the challenges faced by Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières and the volunteer doctors involved in the Syrian refugee crisis” Doctors Without Borders is an “international humanitarian-aid non-governmental organisation” (1). The organisation was founded in 1971 by a group of doctors and journalists in reference to the Nigerian Civil War of 6 July 1967 – 15 … Read more

Nationlism in India

€˜Nationalism€™ in India, a country of extremely diversified cultures and religions and is a witness of a long history, it remains hardly an uncomplicated term. After the awful partition of India in 1947, the communal rights in different parts of the country have become a common sight to witness. Even in the 21st century, when … Read more

Nepal's society and economy

Nepal is a small country that is between China and India located in the southern region of Asia. Nepal is most known for their mountainous landscape. In Nepal, this landscape makes a huge difference on how issues of social, political, economic, and health are treated. For example, “Research by social theorists have revealed the effective … Read more

How to write an International Relations essay

International relations essays are pieces of academic writing that assess and contextualize important topics in international relations.

Most of these essays employ theoretical analyses to present ideas, arguments and criticisms on matters related to international relations. International relations essays offer analysis and debate, as well as an analysis of different perceptions on foreign policy and consequential impact. International relations essays; thus, require that the writer to reflects a superior ability to think critically and construct rational ideas.

These essays can address issues like foreign affairs, diplomacy, the international political atmosphere, the world economy, and current affairs. A political science student is expected to reflect ample knowledge of each of the aforementioned topics. A final international relations essay should conform to the instructor’s basic provisions like conformity to the topic of study, length and other writing requirements. Learning how to write an international relations essay can be a fun but challenging task. A good essay is one that has a swift flow of thoughts. These thoughts should show a clear connection between an international current affair, local economic, social and political affairs. The essay should be able to offer a comparison between current affairs and their impact with respect to local spheres. A clear relationship between local affairs and international affairs should be determined. Some of the major data sources for international relations essays include large foreign newspapers and national newspapers. These are some of the most trusted sources for information on current affairs. Others include respected journals, periodicals, and books. These can be sourced online, as well as from Google Scholar to determine the present mood and precisely analyze your topic.

The most common formatting styles include Harvard and APA. Most of the provisions of APA formatting style are similar to those of Harvard. For instance, both formatting styles direct that every page of the essay should comprise of a running head positioned at the top left of the paper. The running head is an abridged form of the title, usually in just a few words not exceeding 50 characters. The standard guidelines for international relations essays comprise of a brief introduction, the body that presents the main arguments and ideas, with a concluding paragraph. There should be even margins of one-inch both at the top and bottom, as well as left and right sides of the essay. The font should be double-spaced unless stated otherwise. The essay should have a title page with respect to the stipulated formatting guideline. A complete essay should also have a reference page. This is a separate page at the end of the essay and presents a list of all the sources used in constructing the essay. References should feature in alphabetical order with double spacing between each entry. Before constructing the final piece, you should refer to lecture notes from past lectures. The writer should maintain the flow of thoughts by conforming the introductory ideas to the other paragraphs. The succeeding paragraphs should work to expand the introductory ideas, as well as offer supporting information and detailed arguments with the aim of substantiating the claims made in an international relations essay. The concluding paragraphs should focus on emphasizing each major point presented in the essay. You should provide a concise acknowledgement to every point. This ensures a stable foundation of believability. The final piece of an essay should undergo a thorough proofreading session to eliminate grammatical and typographical errors. Other errors include faulty logic and lack of even transition.

Each paragraph of an international relations essay should have an introductory statement, also known as a topical sentence. The first statement in a paragraph should reflect the strongest point of view, cleverest description, the most significant example, or a clear beginning point. This offers the best way for securing the reader’s attention as they read the essay. The first paragraph; however, should be the main introduction to the essay. The topical statement should comprise of the “reverse hook”. This connects to the transitional hook towards the end of the introductory paragraph.

When learning how to start an essay, it’s important to include the correct information within each paragraph. The introductory paragraph should also comprise of a thesis statement, a type of mini-highlight of the paper. A thesis statement introduces the reader to the main argument of the essay. The last statement of the introductory paragraph should comprise of a transitional “hook”. Its purpose is to move the reader to the main part of the essay.

The strength of main arguments should reflect a descending sequence with respect to the strength of arguments. The strongest arguments should feature first followed by the less strong arguments. This also applies to the most significant examples, the cleverest descriptions, and others. The first sentence of the second paragraph should possess a reverse hook. Its purpose is to connect the transitional hook at the end of the initial paragraph of the main body. The topic of the second paragraph of the main body should feature in the first or second statement (sentence). The topic should reflect a clear relationship to the thesis statement presented in the introductory paragraph. The final sentence in this section should comprise of a transitional concluding hook. Its purpose is to signal the reader that the final major point has been reached. The hook also directs to the last or concluding paragraph.

A complete international relations essay should have a strong concluding paragraph. Although you have finalised the bulk of the essay, and completed the most complex body paragraphs, careful attention should feature while coming up with a favorable conclusion. A strong conclusion works to substantiate the main arguments in the essay. On the other hand, a weak conclusion works to weaken the arguments presented in your essay. An ample conclusion reinforces the main argument. As well as briefly encapsulates the mode of proofing your validity. New information should not be introduced at the concluding paragraph. One way of achieving this is through offering potential directions with respect to future research. Another way is through suggesting how the arguments forwarded in the essay opens up a completely new point of view about the specified topic. Nevertheless, care should be taken not to introduce completely new information in support of the thesis statement. If this information was important enough to the essay, it would have featured in the preceding arguments as well. Making it available in the concluding paragraph simply diverts the attention of the readers. This also detracts from the general impact of previously focused arguments.

The concluding paragraph is vital as it contains the summary of the whole essay. A brief summary of the main points in the preceding paragraphs is crucial. This presents the best way of reminding your readers of the effectiveness employed in discussing various evidences in the essay. The points do not need to be arguments, as this will be a repetition. The points simply require a reiteration to illustrate how they directly support and address the thesis statement. The conclusion offers the last impression of the essay that the reader receives. Careful attention should be observed in providing a link between the thesis statement and the main body. The thesis should be reiterated and conformed to the thesis statement provided in the introductory paragraph. Moreover, you should not merely copy the thesis statement from the introductory paragraph. In its place, the thesis should be paraphrased to reflect the progress achieved in the main body of the international relations essay.

The above guidelines are standard operating procedures when trying to understand how to write an international relations essay. This is an analysis of the main features of an international relations essay, including a connection of current affairs to theoretical frameworks, the need for strong introductory paragraphing, and topical sentences. Other main features include the main body, which should reflect a swift flow and ample conformity to the thesis statement.