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Nietzsche – Metaphorical basis of language / birth of Greek tragedy / genealogical approach to morality

Nietzsche In Friedrich Nietzsche’s essay On Truth and Lying in an Extra-Moral Sense, he defines truth as “a mobile army of metaphors, metonyms, anthropomorphisms, in short, a sum of human relations which were poetically and rhetorically heightened” (Nietzsche 250). This definition seems to reverse the culturally known order of doing things. Most would state that … Read more

What is a human? (complexity of language)

Module PS3031 – Conceptual Issues and Theoretical Perspectives 26 September 2018 What is a human? Twentieth century psychoanalyst Erich Fromm defined humans as, “the only animal for whom his own existence is a problem which he has to solve” (Fromm, 1947). This “problem” has been constantly defined or reinterpreted from biological, philosophical, evolutional, and sociological … Read more

How Gender Roles and Extroversion Effects How Much People Talk

Gill, A. J, & Oberlander, J. (2002). Taking care of the linguistic features of extraversion. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society, 24. Retrieved from Gill and Oberlander share their findings of Extraverts talking more than Introverts. With the hypotheses of Extroverts being louder and engaging more frequently in conversations, Introverts … Read more

Semilogy and advertising

“There can be no word without Images” – Aristotle DEFINING OF SEMIOLOGY Semiology is the discipline, concerned with meaning-making, the study of sign processes and sensible communication. This also involves the study of signs and the processes, indication, designation, analogy, metaphor, symbolism, signification and communication. Semiology as a Science is connected to the word Semiosis … Read more

Syntagm and System

Barthes (1964) defines the Syntagm as an elongated mixture of signs. Within semantic analyses, this would be something like a sentence, where each is intertwined to the other terms within the phrase. The Syntagm is likened to the system, which means other words within the mind, as in the case of the relations between “learning” … Read more


2.1. The Importance of Vocabulary Instruction Words are the means of transmission of concepts in the background. At the beginner level, communication is attempted by exploiting the cumulative usage effect of words. Scrivener, \”Go to Disco yesterday. And with friends. Dance \”expression, although it is totally distant from the grammatical content, can often give the … Read more


I. METHODOLOGICAL APPROACHES CONCERNING TRANSLATION AND GRAMMAR Teaching a second language was, throughout the years, a constant experiment with different techniques and approaches, bringing shifts and changes on the whole experience. As Celce-Murcia said, in the history of teaching L2, there were approaches on the use of language (speaking and understanding) and on the analysis … Read more

Human language and animal communications

A key aspect of distinguishing humans from other animals has been the development and use of language. Our understanding of language, its characteristics, its development and its evolution have indicated that language did not evolve from a single ability but from a mass of abilities (Bloom & Tinker, 2001). This essay is going to discuss … Read more

“To what extent is a modern foreign language of your choosing under threat from the global rise of English?”

In 1600, English was a somewhat localized language with an estimated six million speaking it globally – most of them located in Great Britain. Currently, English is spoken by 1.5 billion people worldwide, across 75 different global territories. (Clayton, 2015, p.183). English is the third most widely spoken language in the world, following Mandarin Chinese … Read more

Saussure’s sign theory of language

Saussure’s sign theory of language is a revolutionary theory in which change the way people look at how to study language and how it developed through society over time. This approach derived from a distinctive characteristic of his perspective towards language during that time, where he thought that most scholar still confused with the semiology … Read more

Translating El legado – linguistics

Before beginning my translation, I established a strategy that would consider the type of text I was translating, who the reader would be, and the purpose of the translation. According to Reiss’ text typology, my Source Text (ST) is literary and therefore plays an expressive function (2000). Reiss believes that the translator should therefore ‘transmit … Read more

Working with language interpreters

In proficient situations, working with clients can be troublesome. In this report the connection between the client and interpreter will be taken a gander at how it influences functioning connections and how it could be moved forward. Language is the most common source humans use to interact with each other; it is a multifaceted, rich … Read more

Use of language between men and women

Through day-to-day interactions, the differences in the use of language between men and women can be quite subtle, but when these differences are brought to the surface of consciousness, they can be thought-provoking. It is common for women to be more self-conscious about the way they talk, whether they use the word “like” too many … Read more

The process of translation

Since no two languages are the same, the process of translation is not as easy as some would think. It is often claimed that anyone could be a translator; which is completely false. It is true that some people are more talented than others, but the study of translation has its own role, namely that … Read more

An essay on translation as a subject

CHAPTER ONE 1. Introduction In today’s world this subject is getting more and more popularity. There are many reasons behind it. The first and the foremost reason is that it contributes to the unity of nations. It also encourages mutual understanding, broad-mindedness, cultural dialogues and intertextuality. But one can hardly think of comparative literature without … Read more

English language and Australian English

Table of contents Introduction””””””””””””””””””””3 Sub question 1: ”””””””””””””””””””.4 Where did the English language come from? – What are the origins of the English language’? Old English ‘ Middle English ‘ Early Modern English ‘ Modern English Sub question 2: ”””””””””””””””””””.8 Where did the Australian English language come from? – History of the Australian English language … Read more

Category of Mood

Language is a means of forming and storing ideas as reflections of reality and exchanging them in the process of human intercourse. Language is social by nature; it is inseparably connected with the people who create and use it. The development of society is connected with the development of language. Language is formed by three … Read more

Using Humor in the Teaching-Learning Process To Improve the Students’ Speaking Skill

1 -Introduction It is important for English techniques and strategies to help enhance students’ speaking abilities, among other English skills they also need to develop. Furthermore, realizing that speaking is very important for English learners, it is essential for English teachers to encourage the students to speak. They seem to have difficulties in deciding what … Read more