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Non Existence of Gandhi words in India is portrayed in Aravind Adiga’s ‘The White Tiger’

Abstract: The objective of this paper is to analyse the existence of Gandhian words in India. In the novel ‘The white Tiger’ Aravind Adiga picturises the non existence of gandhian words in India. Bribes, Slavery, Prostitution are some of the vices picturised in this novel. This paper compares society with the novel. Introduction: Aravind Adiga … Read more


This chapter contains an overview of theory related to listening comprehension in EFL environment. First, the importance of listening comprehension is discussed. Second, difficulties in listening comprehension for EFL learners are illustrated. Third, listening comprehension processing is discussed. Fourth, evidences from previous related research that listening instruction could lead to improvement, as measured by pre-tests … Read more

Writing and written English

CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION Background of the Problem Writing is one of four skills in learning language and it is very important for students to write. The ability to write for them is necessary since they are sued to be able to communicate through writing. Besides, it will contribute to their knowledge development, improve the language … Read more

The concept of special languange – register analysis

This stage operates on the basic principle that the English, of, say, Electrical Enginering constituted a register different from other registers such Biology or of General English. The aim was to identify the grammatical and lexical features of the registers. The main motive behind register analyses such as Ewer and latorre??s was the pedagogic one … Read more

Languages in the United Kingdom

One of the first inhabitants of the current UK are the Celts. Celts are a collection of peoples and tribes that during the millennium before the beginning of our era and the centuries thereafter spoke a Celtic language. All Celtic languages descend from a common ancestor, Proto-Celtic, which belongs to the Indo-European. The Indo-European languages, … Read more


Grygiel (2007) indicates that the operation of the process of metonymy is based on broadly understood contiguity of two entities, states or actions. The author (2007) stresses that the working of the mechanism of metonymy rests on physical contiguity as opposed to metaphor where the transfer takes place because of certain existing or imagined likeness, … Read more

Minor word-formation processes in English: abbreviation, clipping, blending, and back-formation

‘Language is the most massive and inclusive art we know, a mountainous and anonymous work of unconscious generations.’ – Edward Sapir Linguistics is the scientific study of language.There are three aspects to this study: language form, language meaning, and language in context (Wikipedia:Linguistics).There is a separate name for the study of words structures, their forms … Read more

The English Language

English is a West Germanic language which was first spoken in early medieval England. The language is now on the third place of most spoken languages in the world and is an official language in almost 60 states. It is widely learned as a second language and is an official language of the European Union, … Read more

Dialects in the USA

United States ; General. The national language for The United States of America is English, though some also speak Spanish and multiple other languages that vary per region. Although all of these other languages are only spoken in small parts of The United states. In American English they tend to spell words in a “lazy” … Read more

Australian English

Australian English The official language in Australia is obviously English, but in some aboriginal-towns people still speak original aboriginal-languages instead of English. Australian English is called Strine. Strine doesn’t only have accents but also knows words that are not really used in other English languages. For example: ‘ barbie, means barbecue ‘ chook, means chicken … Read more

Language contact

When two languages interact it is referred to as a language contact. Two or more languages are used either by one individual or in speech communities. The ways the languages impact each other are transfer and integration. The feature of the item can remain as the idiolect of bilinguals or start to function as a … Read more