Mental illness in Film

Lit review 3,500 Mental illness in Film 1.1 The effects of mental illness portrayals in film Fictional portrayals of mental illness are both frequent and potent. Since the 1920s, whether directly or indirectly, mental illness has made its way into the plots, subplots, and characters of films. (Livingston 2004: ) The film industry has a … Read more


The BBC is a public service broadcaster that is highly regarded by British viewers. When the BBC was created in 1922, it had the main responsibility of providing impartial public service broadcasting in the United Kingdom. However, many things have changed over the years and the future of the BBC is now unclear and there … Read more


Modern cinema is a result of long work, planning and unique idea, which is embodied in the play of the actors. Planning the process of creating a certain film often is crucial in the creation of a movie worthy of attention. “Thunderheart” tells the story of the Native Americans who are forced to confront the … Read more

Social media language

Social media language is a new phenomena in our society and it has been brought about by the prevalence of social networking sites which have brought about new channels of communication. At the center of the language used on social media is morphology as new words are being formed and used on social networks and … Read more


THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK OF MEDIA AND POLITICS The relationship between media and politics can be considered as one of the most debatable topic in political science literature. In this study, this relationship will be covered under several models and approaches to describe the relationship in various aspects of understandings. In the first place, the role of … Read more

Gender issues in Cinemalaya Gender films

CHAPTER 2 REVIEW OF RELEVANT LITERATURE In this study entitled “Content Analysis on the Presentation of Gender Issues in the Top 11 Cinemalaya Gender Films”, the Researchers compiled a number of different literatures which seeks to provide clarity to the study’s concern which is the Presentation of Gender Issues in 11 Cinemalaya Gender Films. GENDER … Read more

National identity: an analysis

National identity can be defined as one’s identity or sense of belonging to one state or to one nation in particular. The Oxford English Dictionary defines National Identity as the sense of a nation as a unified whole, as represented by distinguishing traditions, culture, language and politics. National Identity may refer to the subjective feeling … Read more

Do documentarians struggle to stay objective throughout making their documentaries ?

“The European intellectual tradition has grappled with the difference between subjective and objective knowledge since ancient times” (Chapman, 2009) It’s statements like the above from “Issues in Contemporary Documentary” by Jane Chapman, that have led me to investigate the way documentarians should try and stay objective whilst making a documentary and whether they do. Everyone … Read more

Exploring changes in representations of women in modern romantic cinema and their reflection of the culture of the time and how they have influenced the current genre.

in this essay i will be exploring the way in which women are represented in romantic cinema; focusing on romantic comedies and whether the modern day has brought about change in how women are portrayed in this genre. As it is commonly acknowledged the role and treatment of women in society has changed over the … Read more

Corporate Sponsors in the film festival arena

Unlikely Partnerships: Corporate Sponsors in the film festival arena. Is the gain mutual? Film festivals, places of convergence where creativity and business merge and industry professionals seek mutually beneficial partnerships, have much in common with and have often referred to as Field-Configuring Events (FCEs). This term was first introduced by Meyer, Gaba and Conwell and … Read more

Repercussions of social media

1. Abstract The purpose of this research is to examine the repercussion of social media and how it has carved the life on mother Earth. The social influence on the people is now being transmitted online. We recognize the dynamic nature of the social media and the content contribution that people are looking forward, anticipating … Read more

Film tourism activities

LITERATURE REVIEW INTRODUCTION This chapter presents theoretical and empirical literature review related to film tourism activities. Specific focus was placed on Tanzanian cultural heritage tourism destinations cases. It also presents theoretical frameworks and theories related to film tourism. Other subtopics presented included literature on tourist visitations, income growth and film tourism impact on destination areas’ … Read more

Movie – High Rise

Adapted from James Graham Ballard’s visionary dystopian novel by screenwriter Amy Jump and director Ben Wheatley, the movie High Rise portrays the lives of people from different socio-economic and different backgrounds living in an apartment of 40 floors where the floors divide the social class of the residents.The higher the floor the wealthier and privileged … Read more

Mechanical determinism

The expression “mechanical determinism” is accepted to have been begat by American financial analyst and humanist Thorstein Veblen. Gone up against its own, determinism is the precept that all occasions happen because of an immediate, earlier reason. As needs be, at the broadest conceivable level, mechanical determinism is the calculated structure in which social, cultural … Read more

Media’s effect on society

American culture and the media has imbedded itself into the mindset of today’s society resulting in people imitating and interpreting everything that they see and hear through TV, magazines or radio. This is due to the fact that media has become something like a window to the rest of the world. This is because of … Read more

Alfred Hitchcock – auteur

What are some of the key stylistic features that identify Alfred Hitchcock as an auteur? Answer via the analysis of two or three Hitchcock films from different periods.   The ways a film stages a shot, arranges a sequence, executes a scene, is almost directly linked to the director —- Auteur Theory (Sarris, 2007) The … Read more

Fake news

In these recent years the term “Fake News” has become a phenomenon, we all know what it is. As it was used by our current president as a description of the opinions and reportings of the media, “Fake News” has been given a lot of influence. According to and well, us, the media and … Read more

How to write a media essay

Among the common methods of communication employed by a scholar is through essays. While studying ‘media and communication’, students are taught a variety of methods of communication that can be applied to various media.

The following sections offer guidelines on how to write a media essay.

It is worth noting that, just like in all scholarly activities, the student, in most instances is expected to use essay format while expressing herself/himself. Therefore, it is imperative for the student to adhere to the basic principles of writing essays. It is a prerequisite that a media student is expected to have impeccable writing skills that will deliver high quality media essays.

The initial stage of a quality essay entails highlighting the focal point. If the subject catches attention of the reader, then a focal point exists, nonetheless, it is essential to have a well structured thesis statement. The major reason for having a well structured thesis statement is that it directs individual to the main issue being addressed by the essay. The thesis statement is developed after brainstorming of ideas from various sources that have interest in the subject matter. It is the thesis statement that guides the overall content of the essay. The thesis statement is contained in the introduction part of the essay. Prior to developing the introduction and the thesis statement, one needs to evaluate the appropriateness of the title of the essay. The title of the essay is the first thing to hook a reader, therefore, it is necessary for the writer to take time and develop the most appropriate title of the essay. The body of the essay expounds the thesis by objecting it or supporting it, while the conclusion restates the thesis statement in reference to what has been discussed in the body paragraphs.

Learning how to write a media essay is not just about writing the essay, it’s also about the research conducted. It is essential to carry out research from academic databases, libraries, and the internet in order to acquaint yourself with the subject. It is essential to take notes of the important opinions made by others during the research. The knowledge acquired enables the student to have a general idea about the subject, hence forming a corner stone for the thesis statement.

Occasionally, the thesis is not clear when the focus point is not strongly highlighted, if such a situation arises, the research carried out is only meant to meet the examination conditions. Irrespective of the circumstances, one can still take a focus point in reference to the notes taken and develop a logical presentation after considering the relevant notes in a progressive manner. It is important to plan the essay so that the thoughts that were brainstormed are expressed in a succinct way.

The basic structure of a scholarly essay consists of three principle elements, the introduction, the body paragraphs, and the conclusion. These elements factor around the thesis statement. There may be many body paragraphs, however, each paragraph should focus on a single thought that revolves around the thesis statement. Each paragraph should begin with a topic sentence, which should thereafter be supported with evidence. The ideas in the respective paragraph should be put in a clear and sensible manner. The paragraphs need to be organized in a systematic way; however, the thesis statement plays a role in directing the student how to write an interesting essay. In case of a thesis statement that needs support, then the subsequent body paragraphs after the introduction will support the thesis. However, when the thesis statement is an argument, both sides of the argument must be presented in the body paragraphs, and the students will prove whose side of the argument carries weight. In the conclusion part, the student needs to exit the essay in a gracefully way by making a wrap up statement. The statement should incorporate the thesis statement indirectly but in a coherent way.

Having considered the structure and content of the media essay, it is significant to evaluate the criteria for refining it. The first principle requires the student to avoid padding and waffling. This occurs when the student lacks sufficient information and ends up putting a statement that should have been expressed in 10 words in 50 words. This should be avoided by making the writing extremely tight. Another factor worth considering is the flow from one sentence to the next and from one paragraph to the next. Media students are expected to make good use of the correct connectives; otherwise, it will be inevitable to revise the essay. Revisions come with challenges because you may be required to alter the sentences structure and sequence. One should also avoid using sweeping generalization. In addition, you should avoid repetition of words because that may adversely influence the flow of the essay, and that requires the student to an assortment of words.

Direct quotes are used in scholarly articles, however, the quotes must come from reputable sources, otherwise, one may paraphrase the quotes into own words. The quotes must be relevant to the subject of the essay and the quote should come once the subject matter has been introduced. In most incidences, the quotes used are from reputable sources and are employed to support an argument. After using the quote, one should explain it in the context of the argument. Upon paraphrasing, the source of the information must be acknowledged through referencing, otherwise, inability to reference may result in plagiarism, which is an academic offense. Although the scholar is permitted to express his/her own ideas, it is required that he/she should acknowledge the statements and ideas owned by other scholars, otherwise it results in a serious academic problem. The writer is required to acknowledge the source of ideas, if they are not his/her own. The sources may be journals, books, visual/audio or magazines. The source of the information is acknowledged through standard citation styles; these include APA, MLA, Chicago, and Harvard among others.