The United Nations

United Nations is one of the organization that help all the countries together facing the threat around the world. United Nations is international organization whose members are from all countries in the world. The reason United Nation was established were to save the next generation from the war, reaffirm faith in human right, maintaining international … Read more

Impact of the Colored Revolutions on the Egyptian revolution

Introduction The 20th Century witnessed several cases of democratic victories to the extent that it was called “The Age of Democratic Revolutions”, this period was marked by continuous conflict between democracy and authoritarianism, especially the last three decades, with the unprecedented democratic surge that started in Eastern Europe and diffused till it reached the Arab … Read more

Libya & Benghazi

Chapter One – Libya & Benghazi What is Russia’s Stance on Intervention? Do they side with the West? Additionally should R2P still be used? If so, why in Libya & Not Syria The Twilight of Humanitarian Intervention? Resistance to Western Domination State sovereignty v humanitarian concerns LIBYA AS A PRELUDE Introduction Now that the relevant … Read more

APPROACHES TO DEMOCRATIC TRANSITION: THE CONCEPT OF WAVE

CHAPTER ONE APPROACHES TO DEMOCRATIC TRANSITION: THE CONCEPT OF WAVE Democracy is among the most challenging concepts in the field, it is highly interrelated to the societal practices thus it witnessed several alterations and adjustments till it reached the current application which assumes authority for the government, procedures for forming the government and the purposes … Read more

Securitization process / framework

Criticisms and limitations of the securitization framework The securitization theory of the Copenhagen School with its framework and objectivity on security threats has generated much academic interest and sparked a number of critiques and debates. Even though the theory\’s main concept, i.e. security and threats as social constructions and not factual realities, seems to have … Read more

Niger-Delta region

The struggles over oil, particularly the quest to correct the perceived injustice embedded in the separation of those that profit from the oil production and commoditization (MNCs and the Nigerian ruling elites), from the others (dispossessed local inhabitants) whose land and waters the oil is extracted, has led to the violent agitation in the Niger-Delta … Read more

Niger Delta – corruption, conflict and the economy

With the commencement of oil exploration in commercial quantities in Oloiribiri in the Niger Delta in 1956 came great excitement and tall hopes for rapid development and accelerated civilization. But little was known of the pains associated with the exploration of oil such as Spillage, deforestation, noise pollution, sundry and other ecological effects. These adverse … Read more

Achieving Accountability in Public Financial Management in Nigeria

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background to the Study The democratic convulsions and delu”sions evident in Nigeria since May 1999 when military government handover to civilian’s government presented a worrisome dimension to the crisis of de”velopment in the country and the manifestation in the flight of transparency and accountabil”ity in governance. Accordingly, democracy -promotes competitive struggle … Read more

EU Migration

INTRODUCTION Migration of individuals and whole societies are an essential characteristic of civilization. Migration form a new quality and a new form of the original human societies, create new. In the processes of creation, destruction and transformation of the States of migration has always played an important role. In some era migration was not very … Read more

Reasons for terrorism / insurgency

THE RISE IN INSURGENCY IN AFRICA UNDERSTANDING INSURGENCY VIS-A-VIS TERRORISM AND CONFLICTS Internal conflicts contain intrastate wars, where all violence is confined within the country’s borders. Such conflicts typically concern opposition groups fighting for territory or political rights. They stressed that, internal conflict can erupt within ethnic groups with opposing interests. Conflict is ‘‘internal’’ when … Read more

Policy making in Nigeria

The success of any political system lies in its policy making and implementation process. Policy as an instrument of government affects the lives of each person. It involves a central position in the success of every administration, whether public, private or not-for-profit making organization. The Amnesty Programme was embraced to address the main causes of … Read more

Niger Delta Master Plan

The Niger Delta Region has witnessed a number of attempts to influence the pace and nature of development in the area and improve the standard of life for its people. For the most part the legacy of these schemes translates into a picture of missed opportunities, low value for money and, not least, enormous disappointment … Read more

Public enterprises in Nigeria

This chapter examines the works of scholars in areas such as: the history of public enterprises in Nigeria and its impact on the economic development, the concept of privatization and commercialization and its evolution, and the history of Power Holding Company Nigeria (PHCN) and its various activities in Nigeria. A proper examination of an appropriate … Read more

From welfare to workfare

Keywords: activation, labor market policies, mapping review, employment, ALMP 1. The political frame—from welfare to workfare Throughout the Western world, labor market policies have undergone significant changes during the past two decades. These changes amount to a liquid transition, a silent change of tracks, from a social welfare perspective to a workfare perspective, where the … Read more

The Establishment Clause

The Establishment Clause, one could say is the blueprint for how Thomas Jefferson viewed the relationship between politics and religion, by putting a wall of separation between them. In essence to this clause, the government cannot interfere with the affairs of the church and vice versa with the church not being able to interfere with … Read more

Existence of accountability expectation gap in public sector in Edo State

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background to the Study The democratic convulsions and delusions evident in Nigeria since May 1999 when military government handover to civilian’s government presented a worrisome dimension to the crisis of development in the country and the manifestation in the flight of transparency and accountability in governance. Accordingly, democracy -promotes competitive struggle … Read more