Hyper-masculinity is an extreme form of masculine gender ideology and is comprised of a cluster of beliefs that includes toughness, violence, dangerousness, and calloused attitudes towards women and sex (Zaitchik and Mosher 1993). Advertising is believed to play a role in the construction of hyper-masculinity (Kilbourne 1999).   Examination of advertisements aimed at both men … Read more


Introduction Locus of control describes how a person views the world and their place in it. There are considered to be two types of locus of control. Internal – when an individual perceives life’s successes and failures depend on their own preparedness, education and skills, and external – one believes luck, social status and the … Read more

Child development

A child’s development starts from an infant, toddler, adolescent then to adult. According to (Davies, 2011) infants have lower tolerance for frustration, increased attachment behaviour, difficulty in falling asleep and waking up in the middle of the night from frightening dreams. Infants need stimulation interesting objects responsive people to interact with and speak to (Bjorklund … Read more

Social Policy and Psychology: Points of collusion

It takes little to realize that every social issue has a psychological dimension rooted to it. Social issues are controversial because they are associated with policies that regulate or influence human behavior. How a state educates, houses and otherwise cares for its citizens is an issue that relates to human needs, wants and capabilities. How … Read more

Cognitive Therapy

Cognitive behaves as a system of psychotherapy, emerged in the 60’s, XX century. Aaron Beck, driven by theoretical concerns, and lending of academic psychology the scientific methodology, empirical studies conducted with the intention of confirming psychoanalytical principles, in particular the motivational psychoanalytic model of depression as retroflex aggression of the individual against each other in … Read more


  “The more I think about child development usually imagine a locomotive crossing uncharted territory and may at any time, derailed and go to tread new paths, many of them dangerous and treacherous. The earlier observe and identify such ‘course corrections’, soon have the chance to restore order and replace the ‘locomotive’ in the right … Read more


People have expectation to fulfill needs according to their wish but some people use dishonest methods to met needs and wishes. They are called Manipulators. Manipulation is like a hidden weapon use indirectly or covertly to someone. Deception and being abusive are common strategies of manipulators. Manipulator behavior often seem kind, gentle and friendly, it … Read more


A SINGLE-SUBJECT STUDY WITH CHILDREN WITH MENTAL RETARDATION Abstract The purpose of this study was to analyze (a) the acquisition and maintenance effects of the simultaneous prompting (SP) procedure on teaching to name objects to two participants with mental retardation, (b) the effects of multiple exemplar approach for generalizing the acquired skills over three non-trained … Read more

Development of psychology

In this piece I will explain the development of psychology since the 19th century and the main schools of thought that have contributed to it. The science of psychology was developed from other common areas of study such as philosophy; as deliberated by the Ancient Greeks, Biology; where evolution and physiology were examined and Physics … Read more

Lifespan development

The aim of this essay is to discuss and describe the five stages of lifespan development and included in this essay will be two psychological theories to support this which are Sigmund Freud’s psychosexual stages and Erik Erikson’s psychosocial stages. I will also connect these stages to the strands of development which are physical, emotional, … Read more

Mental wellness in adolescents

During the adolescent years it is a time of growing in self-image, self-esteem, and risk taking. Development of self-awareness is important during the adolescent years this is when friendships develop, peer socialization occurs, and shaping of character and personalities take place (Burns, Dunn, Brady, Starr & Blosser, 2013). Self-perception is important during the early and … Read more

What is Apathy?

Doctors believe that apathy – is a reflex to protect the body from “burnout”, when the nervous system, and the emotional sphere are overloaded and cease to deal with a huge amount of incoming external signals, each of which is necessary react, to perform a particular action. Apathetic people almost immediately noticeable to others as … Read more

Investigating the relationship between intertemporal decision-making and emotion regulation.

Abstract. What role emotions and, similarly, emotion regulation play in intertemporal decision-making remains an unanswered question in the field of Neuroeconomics. The current study aimed to address this gap in the literature by investigating the relationship between intertemporal decision-making and emotion regulation. Participants have filled out ten questionnaires and executed two monetary decision-making tasks; an … Read more

Childrens’ predictions about future desires

Abstract Children’s predictions about future desires parent are normative in the parent and adult child relationship, but there is little research on the topics that cause the most tension or whether Children’s predictions about future desires are associated with overall relationship quality. Adult sons and daughters, aged 22 to 49, and their mothers and fathers … Read more