Lifespan development

The aim of this essay is to discuss and describe the five stages of lifespan development and included in this essay will be two psychological theories to support this which are Sigmund Freud’s psychosexual stages and Erik Erikson’s psychosocial stages. I will also connect these stages to the strands of development which are physical, emotional, … Read more

Mental wellness in adolescents

During the adolescent years it is a time of growing in self-image, self-esteem, and risk taking. Development of self-awareness is important during the adolescent years this is when friendships develop, peer socialization occurs, and shaping of character and personalities take place (Burns, Dunn, Brady, Starr & Blosser, 2013). Self-perception is important during the early and … Read more

What is Apathy?

Doctors believe that apathy – is a reflex to protect the body from “burnout”, when the nervous system, and the emotional sphere are overloaded and cease to deal with a huge amount of incoming external signals, each of which is necessary react, to perform a particular action. Apathetic people almost immediately noticeable to others as … Read more

Investigating the relationship between intertemporal decision-making and emotion regulation.

Abstract. What role emotions and, similarly, emotion regulation play in intertemporal decision-making remains an unanswered question in the field of Neuroeconomics. The current study aimed to address this gap in the literature by investigating the relationship between intertemporal decision-making and emotion regulation. Participants have filled out ten questionnaires and executed two monetary decision-making tasks; an … Read more

Childrens’ predictions about future desires

Abstract Children’s predictions about future desires parent are normative in the parent and adult child relationship, but there is little research on the topics that cause the most tension or whether Children’s predictions about future desires are associated with overall relationship quality. Adult sons and daughters, aged 22 to 49, and their mothers and fathers … Read more

Pyschological distress in doctors

In Malaysia, the Medical Act 1971 defines ‘Internship’ or ‘Housemanship’ as a period of structured supervised practical training for 2 years, in any Public health care institution, upon completing 5/6 years of medical degree programme in an accredited medical school. This training scheme is mandatory in order to birth professionalism and appropriate attitude amongst freshmen … Read more

The relationship of differential treatment to children’s social and emotional development

Chapter I Introduction Parents act differently with different children, being more positive with one child and more negative with another (Rauer & Brendal, 2007). These behavior have negatively affects not only the child who receives more negative feedback but also affected other siblings as well. The child who receives negative treatment develops negative portray about … Read more

Co-variation among diverse behaviors can be adequately modeled by a single higher order factor.

Explain the topic of the study. In other words explain what theory or idea the researchers were investigating. Include past research and theory if applicable In this article, the researchers were attempting to analyze the issue of personality and the predisposition factors of an individual to engage in risky or problematic behaviors during the period … Read more

Types of Perfectionism in Different Perspectives

Definitions of perfectionism have many different descriptions depends on perspectives and viewpoints. (Flett&Hewitt, 2002) However, it mostly refers to a tendency to regard anything short of perfection as unacceptable (Merriam & Webster, 1988). While the descriptions may show differences, perfectionist people may show samely symptoms such as to set high standards, to try to avoid … Read more


Goffman (1999) has typically been renowned for exposing how we as social actors engineer our impressions, and the tools with which we do this through his famous dramaturgical analysis. However, his ideas surrounding impression management has also been used to expose how individuals might accomplish gender identity; Goffman’s work has not specifically been framed in … Read more


Psychopathy is a disorder which frequently results in anti-social and violent behaviour due to the fact that they cannot feel guilt, remorse or empathy. Psychopaths make up around 1% of the general population but, in correctional facilities worldwide such as prisons and juvenile detention centres, it has been estimated that around 30% are psychopaths. The … Read more

Pascal’s Wager

Pascal’s Wager, written by Blaise Pascal, in essence states that it is prudent to believe in God’s existence because it is the best bet. Even if one assumes, that God’s existence is extremely unlikely, betting on it makes sense, for its results far outweighs the results from not betting on God’s existence. Pascal states that … Read more


In relation to opportunism, there are two main schools of thoughts, namely Transaction Cost Analysis theory (TCA) (Williamson, 1985: 47) and Social Exchange Theory (SET). TCA aims at the conceptualization of opportunism in the context of relational terms whereas SET conceptualizes opportunism in relation to relational dimensions (Rokkan, Heide and Wathne, 2003; Morgan and Hunt, … Read more


Memory plays an important role in cognition. The knowledge that we have is based on memory. From the stimuli we see to the things we hear affects our memory (Radvansky & Ashcraft, 2014). When there is a stimulus, the brain will process that information and retrieve memories that we already have that relate to that … Read more

Grief models and theories

The passing of a loved one is a universal experience and every person will experience loss or heartache, at some point in their life. Some people obviously appear upset, some do not, grief is individual, dependent on; age, gender, development stage, personality, their normal stress reactions, the support available, their relationships or attachments, other death … Read more

Controversy of Videogames and Attention

Attention is a cognitive behavioral process in which people concentrate on a discrete aspect of sensory input selectively and ignore other perceivable information that is subjectively or objectively regarded as unrelated or distracting (Anderson, 2004). This process involves allocation of limited mental resources for target detection and distraction suppression. There has been a hot debate … Read more