Collective Actions in Self help groups 'Focusing on Internal lending practices and credit Linkages'

Introduction:- Self-help groups (SHGs) are the self governed ,peer controlled small informal groups which is association of the poor ,mainly from socio-economically homogeneous families , it has been the most effective tools for financial inclusion which have the principle, ‘by the women, of the women and for the women’. Self-help groups are voluntary associations of … Read more

Privatisation in Germany

Germany can offer a relevant case study I privatisation. When it partially privatized, it initially maintained the government monopoly but gradually progressed to complete privatization and removal of the monopoly. Currently, Germany is one of the most effective international posts on at least one important the benchmark’non-domestic revenue. This country is the number one, in … Read more


1. ‘Me Me Me’ by Sarfraz manzoor ‘ description of ‘new narcissism’ text 1: The term ‘new narcissism’ comes from the old tale about Narcissus. ‘Narcissus was a young handsome man, who falls in love with his own reflection in a pool of water’. From the article Sigmund Freund (the creator of the psychoanalysis) later, … Read more


Have you ever thought about how much work and responsibility comes with parenthood? I mean you have to take care of a living, breathing human being. Put yourself into your parent’s shoes they feed you, care for you and love you (even in times where they might not really like you) but those are just … Read more

Dissertation: Various problems and issues addressed by certain conscious rappers in the United States

Main Question: How do the social-cultural, racial, political factors influence the content and purpose of certain rap music and what is the EFFECT? Chapter I, introduction to the pws: What made hip hop the way it is today? To answer this sub-question it is important to first of all establish some background information on Hip … Read more

Patriarchy theory

The patriarchy is a social system that values masculinity over femininity. This type of social system dictates that men are entitled to be in charge and dominate women. And it implies the nature state of gender relations is a dynamic of dominance and submission. According to patriarchal society, women are seen weak, submissive and an … Read more


Globalization is a process characterized by the following phenomenon: the spread of telecommunications and information technologies; reduction of national barriers for easier cooperation in trade and investment; increased cash flow and interdependence of financial markets. Through the last decades the world has considerably changed. Globalization really promotes the growth of human mobility, although migration is … Read more

Is poverty reduction an appropriate indicator of the success or failure of contemporary development strategies in Latin America?

Key words: poverty, development, inequality. After the period represented by the Cold War and the polarization of the world between the USA and USSR, some aspects of the overall arrangement has changed, for example, the so called ‘developed’ and ‘underdeveloped’ countries classification. Subsequently, the great depression of 1929 brought a decline on the credibility of … Read more

Erving Goffman's Stigma and The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life

One sociological approach assessing the contribution of one micro approach to the understanding between the individual and society. Erving Goffman graduated from the University of Toronto in 1945, gaining his M.A in sociology from the University of Chicago in 1949. In 1962 he became a professor of sociology at the University of California and then … Read more

School bullying

Although many believe that school bullying has decreased, statistics show that bullying has increased incredibly among the years. ‘Bullying is a repeated verbal, physical, social or psychological aggressive behavior by a person or group directed towards a less powerful person or group that is intended to cause harm, distress or fear’ ( Bullying has become … Read more


Racism is set of beliefs that some people are inferior or superior to others because of their distinctive and inborn biological characteristics which are defined by race. As a result there is an attitude of bias, prejudice and intolerance toward certain racial groups which are being treated differently, both socially and legally. Though the practice … Read more

Professor Geert Hofstede on cultural differences

1.1 Analytical observation by Geert Hofstede Professor Geert Hofstede did many studies about cultural differences. He describes these differences on the basis of six levels, which he calls the 6D-model: power distance, individualism, masculinity, uncertainty avoidance, pragmatism and indulgence. These terms will be discussed later. The following figure compares New Zealand and The Netherlands in … Read more