At the heart of criminal law is the concept of culpability. The importance of culpability ensures that the defendant is punished representatively of their specific wrongdoing and their blameworthiness is determined through their intention. Although for other offences in criminal law culpability is well affirmed, problems arise with regard to homicide law. Culpability within homicide … Read more
Safety doesn’t happen by accident. Police officers merged with engineers have been able to create a way to help increase the safety, improve police accountability, and provide a good tool for learning from mistakes. This useful and convenient invention is a police body camera. Police body cameras are as simple as they sound and are … Read more
Methodological considerations Rationale – Upon investigating why the surge in knife and gun crimes in the London, many key topics have come to light during this research, pointing to the reasons behind the knife and gun violence in the capital. Namely; lack of trust for authority, lack of youth programmes, police budgets cuts, peer group, … Read more
As a continuous process of system improvement, DJS has taken significant steps to sustain and enhance the results achieved through JDAI. DJS has improved data capacity and the routine use of data to inform management decisions about detention utilization; refined its DRAI to ensure fair, objective and risk-responsive detention admission decisions; and invested in the … Read more
A most common goal of installing CCTV systems has been the prevention, detection of crime and disorder through deterrence. It can be assumed that CCTV will aid detection through its surveillance capability and the opportunity to deploy security personnel or police officers appropriately when crimes were detected. CCTV can also provide public reassurance and perception; … Read more
Since the rising interest and concern of women’s fear of crime in the 1980s, it has prompted academics to write literature on the topic. A topic seen throughout the literature is women’s fear of violent crime and the effects on women (Maxfield and Skogan 1981; Mesch 2000; Pain 1997; Stanko 1995). Many academics have tried … Read more
I will explore how Cultural Criminology (CC) could be of use in the understanding of the radical group Antifa. To what extent can CC add to our knowledge of Antifa? As part of this essay other theories from authors such as Weber and Spencer will also be looked at to see if they reinforce some … Read more
This essay will critically evaluate how increased risk and increase price of the illicit drug and whether the price increases is harmful to consumers. Increased risk in this contest can be defined, as policies adopted by the authority to curtail the flow, cultivation and distribution of illicit drug or crops from which these drugs are … Read more
This essay seeks to critically evaluate the functionalist perspective on crime and deviance with to its impact on criminology. Functionalists believe that a society is held together by its institutions working in harmony; social consensus, and through common and agreed upon values and beliefs, to produce stability and order. To begin, it is important to … Read more
What is a Fraud? A fraud is when one party deceives or takes unfair advantage of another. A fraud includes any act, omission, or concealment, involving a breach of legal or equitable duty or trust, which results in disadvantage or injury to another. In a court of law it is necessary to prove that a false representation … Read more
Criminology is basically those ponder about wrongdoing similarly as a social event, including the results, types, prevention, makes and the discipline for crime, and criminal conduct, and the impact furthermore change for laws. Criminology got should make uniquely common in the 19th century concerning illustration an constituent about sickle forward movement the place by and … Read more
“The concept of critical criminology – that crime and the present-day processes of criminalization are rooted in the core structures of society – is of more relevance today than it has been at any other time” (DeKeseredy, 2011, p. 1). Critical criminology has gained traction in recent years, with its devotion to questioning the definitions … Read more
We were all taught since the early stages of our education that the beginning of a worthwhile living is the confrontation with ourselves, to evade our inner demons and achieve a serene inner character. We are all inscribed with the belief that all felony or misconduct is the root of why a community is crumbling … Read more
THE IMPORTANCE AND IMPACT OF THE ISLAMIC RESISTENCE MOVEMENT ON MIDDLE EAST SECURITY Abstract: This study aims to present a photographic perspective concerning the contemporary islamic terrorism from the point of view of international relations. In the last decades, this violent form of religious and military manifestation plays a key role in the international system … Read more
People become serial killers for many reasons. Serial Killers are people with three or more separate events with an emotional cooling off period between homicides with each. (Schechter and Everitt, 69). Serial Killers are the most frightening psychopaths because they do not reveal any of the basic human emotions-empathy, conscience, or remorse (Schechter and Everitt, … Read more
Abstract – This paper studies the use of facial recognition technologies to prevent crime. The most common technologies that are being used for security and authentication purposes are analyzed. The Eigenface method is the most used facial recognition technology, it can be used for security and authentication purposes. This method focuses on the aspects of … Read more
Over the past century the field of criminology has changed drastically, with ideas like intersectionality quickly becoming more dominant when attempting to explain crime and the driving forces behind it. Gender has become increasingly important in the quest to understand criminal statistics and the disparities between the sexes. Gendered behaviors influence even street level crimes … Read more
Madeleine Beth McCann born 12 May 2003 disappeared on the evening of 3 May 2007 from her bed in a holiday apartment in Portugal, sparking what one newspaper called “the most heavily reported missing-person case in modern history” Still to this day no one knows where she is or what really happened to her. … Read more
During the 17th century, Europe was the center of two different types of government; absolutism and constitutionalism. Absolutism is the idea that only one ruler should see over the country and establish power. Constitutionalism is the idea that the people in society have just as much power as the king and that they have their … Read more
Introduction Criminality has always existed together with humanity. With the development of technology, new methods of proving someone guilty derived, DNA research for example. Yet, even after centuries, the confession is still considered as ‘the Queen of Evidence’. Imagine a suspect being interrogated. There is a lot of evidence against him, and he seems nervous … Read more
Victim surveys are surveys in which people are asked about their experience in regards to being a victim of crime and whether the incident got recorded by the police. The surveys’ aim is to not only measure crime but discover more about the “reasons for the under-reporting of crime, the correlates of victimisation, the fear … Read more
Bentley is a city which is located in Lancashire which is in the North West of England. The population of the city is over 100,000 and is constantly on the increase. However with an increase in population also comes an increase of crime. The majority of the crime has been identified as antisocial behaviour as … Read more
Abstract The goal of this paper is to outline the purpose and significance of Intelligence within the Federal Bureau of Investigations by giving a general understanding of what Intelligence is and how it is used in the world today. This document will show you how Intelligence can provide you security while maintaining your privacy in … Read more
In policing, technological changes are driven by three related imperatives: to improve effectiveness and efficiency in work processes and service delivery, to meet the requirements of new forms of police organization management and accountability, and to satisfy external agencies demand for information. Police organizations, just like business organizations, have introduced information technology to further their … Read more
There are many discussions and argument for long time whether crime moves in response to the law enforcement targeted operation (Repetto, 1974; Hakim & Rengert, 1981; Barr & Pease, 1990). However Eck (1993) and Hesseling (1994) argued that although the empirical evidence is often less convincing than the rhetoric. There are arguments that due to … Read more
How to write a criminology essay
Criminology essays address various factors associated with crime i.e. its nature, victim, range of theories and other social theories in order to arrive at a conclusion that answers the question.
The below sections give you fundamental guidelines on how to write a criminology essay.
Before writing the criminology essay, it is advised to divide the work into following steps:
Step 1: Preparation
Prior to writing, it is necessary to understand the question by asking ourselves about the requirement. Recollect whatever information you know about the question and indentify relevant sources from where you can get additional information that can address the question appropriately. Criminological essays are more often related to types of crime or associated theories. So it is necessary to understand the question beforehand, consider the various parts of the questions and try to explain the inter-relationships among them. Compare the objects in questions, present an argument and make critical observations on how a particular question needs to be answered. For example, if the question is to analyse various criminological theories in respect to a particular crime, you are being asked to present an argument on available theories and find correlation to the crime in question. There are valuable resources on key essay terms published by the University of Manchester and it may be a useful resource before beginning the essay.
Step 2: Research
Analyzing the question is an important activity before beginning to write the essay. Once you have detailed analysis of the questions, you are aware of the terms that need to be researched, what sort of information will be required and what method should be used to collect the information which can form the basis of answering the question. Gathering information becomes easier when you know the exact term that needs to be researched. For instance, in the above example, various criminological theories need to be analysed in particular. ‘Criminological theories’ needs to be researched from various sources which brings us plenty of information. Well, sources for criminology research are numerous for e.g. ISI web of knowledge, BUBL link catalogue, Criminology research council, Institute of Criminology and many other agencies. Nevertheless, the internet provides links to websites where papers on criminology are published and are available for free as well as on subscription.
Step 3: Planning – Writing and Formatting
After thorough research is done on the topic and necessary information collected, the next step is to design a structure in such a way that the gathered information is grouped under various themes and organise the themes into a meaningful order. The information should be organised under different sub-heads so that it’s easy to use the information without confusion. Such arrangement will help you in deciding what you are going to say in the essay. This will form the introduction and will lay the basis for argument in the coming sections. The Introduction should demonstrate the understanding and importance of the research question and how the writer is going to present the answer. The next thing is to ‘say whatever you want to say’ about the topic in question and present a valid argument through critical analysis. Then note down every point from the resources, and whatever you intend to say in the introduction and body, which will finally conclude the answer providing befitting response to the question.
Formatting in essay writing is of paramount importance. There are certain institutions, universities and other agencies that set guidelines regarding margin, font size, style and the way of presentation. Nevertheless, it is necessary to ensure that essay is formatted using classic fonts like Times New Roman or Arial, sized at 10 or 12 with line spacing of 1.5 or double and that the margins are 1″ on all sides of the A4 paper.
Knowing how to write a criminology essay is not only about writing the actual essay. It is also about the content you use, and your use of spelling and grammar. Once you feel that paper has been completed, read through the paper so as to ensure that any missing content or unnecessary statements are deleted or added and to rectify spelling and grammatical errors.
Step 4: Plagiarism
Because you have to refer to various sources that include books, websites, articles, periodicals, etc, it is inevitable that we are going to use the information collected from these sources. It is necessary to acknowledge the rightful author whose information has been used through appropriate citation and referencing. This is necessary to avoid plagiarism which is a serious offence and continuous instances of plagiarism will result in failure and dismissal. Using a free tool such as https://www.plagiarismchecker.net can be helpful to ensure you haven’t accidentally plagiarised.
Step 5: Referencing
There are guidelines that have been set by institutions like Modern Language Associations (MLA), American Psychological Associations (APA), Harvard, etc. which determine the style of in-text citations and referencing. Therefore, be sure to cite the sources and provide the full list of sources used in the referencing section. In text citation can be as follows:
Labeling theory is discussed by (Author, date)…
Similarly, this statement can be presented as: Author (date) mentioned labeling theory as…
For instance, if direct quotations are used in the text, it can be presented as:
“Labeling theory is the work of…” (Author, Date, Page Nos).
All the sources mentioned in the text are required to be presented in the reference list on the final page like:
Last Name, Initial (year) Title of the Book, Ed. Place: Publisher’s Name
For Chapter in a book:
Last Name, Initial (Year) Title of the Chapter, In Initial (Ed) . Title of the Book, Place: Publisher’s Name
Last Name, Initial (Year) Title of the Article Journal Title, Volume No., Page No.
We hope you liked reading our free ‘how to write a criminology essay’ guide.