Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance project

Abstract Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance (LSPR) is an optical phenomenon of the interaction of free electron with electromagnetic field of light at the metal nanoparticles surface. The LSPR is very sensitive to the dielectric surrounding medium, hence its widely used for sensing application. The development of plasmonic sensor has been developed for toxic detection in … Read more

Quality assurance for fabrics and garments

1.0 Introduction These quality assurance regulations have been put in place to ensure customers get quality products. Quality is of prime importance in any aspect of business. Customers demand and expect value for money. As producers of apparel there must be a constant endeavour to produce work of good quality in order to maximise the … Read more

Modelling and control of HVDC links

Abstract Alternating current (AC) had been the viable and typical choice of media for electrical power transmission to homes and businesses for a century. However, high voltage alternating current (HVAC) transmission proved to have its constraints such as its inability to directly connect two AC power networks operating at different frequencies. The limitations of HVAC … Read more

Electromyography (EMG) sensor for muscle activity/movement & strength

Abstract – The aim of this scenario was to build an Electromyography (EMG) sensor capable of measuring muscle activity, and demonstrating muscle movement and strength through motion, audio and visual outputs. This report introduces the theory behind the EMG sensor, describes the methodologies applied throughout this scenario, presents the results from the work and summarises … Read more

Automotive visualization display project plan

CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION 1.1 Introduction In this chapter, it will discuss the project background and the problem statement of the project. it will also be included the objectives of the project and the scope or limitation faces for the project. 1.2 Project Background The focus of this project is mainly on the automotive visualization display … Read more

Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage in Alberta Oil Sands

Executive Summary The purpose of this report is to rapidly familiarize the reader with the use of steam-assisted gravity drainage (SAGD) in the extraction of hydrocarbons from Alberta’s extensive oil sand formations. To that end, it introduces both the Athabasca oil sands and describes the relevance of SAGD to the feasibility of exploiting them. Next, … Read more

Self-healing bacterial concrete

Chapter 1: Introduction 1.1 Problem summary and Introduction Cracking is a regular complain in the concrete industry. Cracking occur due to combination of factors. Such as drying shrinkage, thermal contraction, restraint to shortening, sub grade settlement, and applied loads. Cracking can’t be prevented but it can be significantly reduced or controlled when the causes are taken … Read more

Development of Bond Layer and Coating Techniques in Thermal Barrier Coating

Introduction Recently used turbines for power generation and aero-jet aircraft engines applications experience incessant efforts towards increasing the thermal efficiency [1]. Greater efficiency and higher output inescapably need to increase the turbine operating temperature, which needs novel methods to overcome the restraints of hot sections materials [2]. Early, before 25 years ago, the increase in … Read more

Innovative aggregates (Grog and Sintagg) used in making light weight concrete

ABSTRACT Construction Industry is always on hunt for Innovative Material and Innovative construction technologies. Concrete is the second largest material used on Earth after water. Concrete has proved its worth in the construction industry for being the most robust and durable. However, “Sustainable Concrete” is the need of the hour. Production of conventional concrete is … Read more

How to write an engineering essay

A lot of students, when given the task of writing an engineering essay, make a lot of mistakes when writing their paper. When writing an engineering essay, it is recommended that you conduct a plan for your essay, and not just begin by typing your name, the essay title, and anything related to the topic that comes into your mind.

Planning your essay will enable you to write a paper, which has points and ideas that flow coherently. This guide will provide you with important tips on how you can write a high quality-engineering essay by directing you on how to plan, structure the paper, and write your points and ideas coherently.

The decision to write an engineering essay could be because the essay is part of your courses continuous assessment, application requirement, personal writing on trending topics, or a publication article in a periodical or newspaper column.

The objective of your engineering essay should be decided before starting the paper. The objective is the main information, which you want the reader to know using the essay. Remain focused to your objective and the reader from the start of your essay to the end. Structuring your engineering essay well will assist you in keeping the audience and the objective in mind in your essay. An engineering essay has the same writing structure as scientific writing. The following will help you understand how to write an engineering essay and how to structure it:


Provides the summary of what will be discussed in the essay. It is important that you structure it well because it is from this section that a reader will decide to continue reading the essay or stop. When writing your abstract, summarize the objective of your essay including examples supporting your argument, methods used to collect data used in the paper, research findings, and conclusions containing implications of the results.


An introduction provides you with a chance to instill interest in your essay topic. This is the best area to provide background information about your topic to enable the reader to understand the reason that prompted you to write the essay. An introduction of a journal essay will provide a review of current literature to define transition or difference in knowledge. When writing this section of the essay, ensure that you refer to previous works by other writers, and include reference of the sources. It is important that you avoid plagiarism because it is a serious offence.

Material and Methods

Learning how to write an engineering essay is not just about writing the essay itself. It also involves explaining where you got information from. The methods and steps used to solve the objective of the essay are discussed in this section of the essay. However, this section does not include any results. Ensure that you provide a brief description of methods used and a justification of the steps that you followed when writing the essay. This is the section where you describe the statistical or analysis techniques you used when providing interpretation of research findings. In case your essay has findings from an experiment, this is the right place to describe the methods and equipment you used to the reader. The description should contain enough details that can enable the reader to reproduce the experiments in another laboratory. For example, in a stress analysis problem, your description should include the steps you took in modeling the problem, simplifications and assumptions made during the experiment, boundary conditions, and considerations for the material used.


When presenting your research or experiment findings, utilise graphs or images to support your findings. Label all images and graphs used to present findings by including scales and units. A detailed caption when presenting findings in an engineering essay is important because it helps a reader who is not familiar with how findings are presented to understand them.


This section should focus on the reader by taking him back to the essay’s objective, and provide a description of the results in addition to showing how they relate to the topic of the essay. This is the section where you discuss the findings and anomalies encountered during your research. When writing the engineering essay, you need to relate these findings to previous research, and show how it relates to the discussion and topic of the essay.


Every essay must contain a conclusion paragraph. It summarizes what has been discussed in the essay. A conclusion can be in bullet points providing the recommendations of the problems discussed.

Referencing or Bibliography Section

After completing the essay, you need to include a list of all the references used in the essay. There are various referencing styles, which include APA, MLA, Chicago, Turabian and Harvard. The following is an example of writing a reference or bibliography in various styles:

  • APA: Creme, P., & Lea, M. R. (2008). Writing at university: A guide for students. Buckingham: Open University Press.
  • MLA: Creme, Phyllis, and Mary R. Lea. Writing at University: A Guide for Students. Buckingham: Open University Press, 2008. Internet resource.
  • Chicago: Creme, Phyllis, and Mary R. Lea. 2008. Writing at university a guide for students. Buckingham: Open University Press.
  • Turabian: Creme, Phyllis, and Mary R. Lea. Writing at University A Guide for Students. Buckingham: Open University Press, 2008.
  • Harvard: CREME, P., & LEA, M. R. (2008). Writing at university a guide for students. Buckingham, Open University Press.

After you have finished writing your engineering essay, read your work to correct any grammar or spellings mistakes in the paper. This is important because poor grammar or spellings mistakes can make you lose many marks in your essay. In summary, when writing an engineering essay, make sure you plan your essay before starting it. After you have completed your essay outline, identify the objective of the essay and target audience. Make sure that you avoid plagiarism by including references on all sources used in the essay. Finally proofread your essay before submitting it.

Did you learn a lot from reading our free ‘how to write an engineering essay’ guide?

There are more engineering essays in our engineering essay repository.