Imagine yourself taking a nice warm shower, brushing your teeth, giving your dog a bath, doing things people do on a daily basis. Do you stop once to think where that water came from? Did you stop once to think what would happen if you had no water? You most likely didn’t, and don’t worry, many other people all over the world don’t do so either. Water is a very precious natural resource we humans take for granted. According to the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), ‘The average American family uses more than 300 gallons of water per day at home. Roughly 70 percent of this use occurs indoors. Nationally, outdoor water use accounts for 30 percent of household use yet can be much higher in drier parts of the country and in more water-intensive landscapes. For example, the arid West has some of the highest per capita residential water use because of landscape irrigation’ (EPA ‘Water Use Today’). However we don’t only use water at home: ‘Water is used to grow our food, manufacture our favorite goods, and keep our businesses running smoothly. We also use a significant amount of water to meet the nation’s energy needs’ (EPA ‘Water Use Today’).
According to the EPA, we have less than 1 percent of water available for human use: ‘The rest is either salt water found in oceans, fresh water frozen in the polar ice caps, or too inaccessible for practical usage’ (EPA ‘Tomorrow and Beyond’). The most important type of water humans need is clean fresh water since it, ‘is an essential ingredient for a healthy human life, but 1.1 billion people lack access to water and 2.7 billion experience water scarcities at least one month a year. By 2025, two-thirds of the world’s population may be facing water shortages. When waters run dry, people can’t get enough to drink, wash, or feed crops, and economic decline may occur’ (WWF ‘Water Scarcity’). So far, even though we already are suffering from water scarcity problems at our current population, our population keeps increasing.
According to the ‘Georgia Water fact Sheet,’ ‘because of Georgia’s growing population, the demand for its water is higher than the supply we have as a result Georgia faces water shortages problem. Studies show that Georgia’s population is increasing at a really fast speed ‘Georgia was the sixth fastest growing state in the nation in 2000, and by 2006 it had risen to fourth, growing by 1.5 million people in just six years. If current trends continue, Georgia will reach 14.4 million residents by 2030’ (Georgia Water Fact Sheet). The above statement indicates that if the population in Georgia keeps increasing our water shortages problem will get worse. As indicated by ‘Georgia Water Fact Sheet,’ even though Georgia has a humid climate and a statewide rainfall average of 51 inches per year, because of the growing population, droughts and improper water use Georgia residents face water shortage problems: ‘Georgia has implemented a number of successful water-efficiency efforts to reduce demand on water sources, from the top levels of government to its neighborhoods’ (Georgia Water Fact sheet). This includes Governor Sonny Perdue’s plan, which encourages conservation of water supply in Georgia by doing things like making it mandatory to have high efficiency toilets in multi unit buildings. The government is not the only one trying to promote water efficiency in order to conserve water; Chatham County residents are doing their part by saving water at home. The residents saved, ‘more than one million gallons of water in one year after replacing 600 water-wasting toilets with more efficient models’ (Georgia Water Fact sheet). Atlanta’s Brown Village also is doing their part by distributing water efficient toilets and low flow shower to their residents. In addition to the project, the county gave their residents tips on ways to save water, and because of this action, ‘water consumption drop by more than 6.1 million gallons per year'( Georgia Water Fact sheet) in the area.
In conclusion imagine Gwinnett County saving more than one million gallons of water in one year. All you have to do is replace water wasting toilets with more efficient models and this will no longer just be a fantasy; it will be a reality. Do not think of this as just doing it to save water. Think of it as what it really is: you’re doing it to save the environment, you’re doing it to save the human population, because if you were to have no water, you wouldn’t be able to survive; therefore, we need to lower population growth and save water as much as we can if we want to be in this planet forever.
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