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Essay: The Philippines’; Commitment to Sustainable Development Goals and Global Governance

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  • Published: 1 February 2018*
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  • Words: 1,028 (approx)
  • Number of pages: 5 (approx)

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When the United Nations formed in 1945, they continued their pledge to bear on international peace and security, shield human rights, deliver humanitarian aids, promote sustainable development, and uphold the jurisprudence. The Philippines was among the primary four Asian pioneer members advocating international peace and order and active international governance to effectively formulate and implement sound policies, respect for citizens, and so the state for the institutions that govern economic and social interaction.
One of the two ways in which the Philippines are actively partaking in Global Governance is advocating for Sustainable Development Goals. President Duterte concocted his speech on this inside the United Nations GA on September 2020. In his address, the President affirmed our country’s commitment to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and therefore the Paris Agreement on climate change. The Philippines notably joined the Paris Agreement to fight against climate change. He pledged our country’s participation in all activities and even invoked all other partner countries, particularly those that have not made good their commitment to counter climate change, to honour constant. While the government is both catalyst and mobiliser of the policy framework for the SDGs, even non-government stakeholders have taken on the responsibility for the agenda and delivering the services to the rights-holders. For quality education – the legal framework for institutionalising the Alternative Learning System has been set. The Department of Education, operating alongside the private sector, has been reaching out to what we refer to as the last mile, which involves out-of-school youth and other vulnerable cluster of people, to deliver education services. For tight work – to permit for a just, simple, and straightforward transition to a greener economy, the Philippines’ Green Jobs Act incentivises enterprises to grant job offers utilising green production practices. Meanwhile, the Securities and Exchange Commission currently requires Sustainability Reports for Publicly Listed Companies since 2020. Private businesses, like Human Nature, are adopting inclusive business models, wherein the value chain deliberately involves deprived and underclass communities. The Mentor Me program of the Department of Trade and Industry further promotes mentoring and partnership between tiny and enormous enterprises. To reduce inequality – the Conditional Cash Transfer provides targeted interventions to disadvantaged and deprived families. Responding to Republic Act 10524 that reserves employment for folks with disability, firms such as Lamoiyan Corporation employ handicapped people who comprise a significant proportion of their personnel. To offset regional disparities, the Assistance to Disadvantaged Municipalities provides a support fund for poorer local governments to construct access roads and water system projects, amongst others. For climate action – the Climate Risk Management Framework provides risk information to boost adaptive capability. Project NOAH exemplifies the partnership between the academe and government in providing timely weather information for disaster preparation. A ban on single-use plastics is already enforced in multitudes of cities and municipalities. A Sustainable Consumption and Production Action Plan are currently being formulated to produce a coherent framework for climate action. For peace, justice, and robust establishments – a major milestone is the ratification of the Bangsamoro Organic Law, which was a result of accumulative initiatives, paired with those by the international community, to address and handle a long-standing conflict in southern Philippines.
The other approach this government had constructed commitments to uphold world governance by protecting the plight of migrant employees notably the impact of the coronavirus, many of who lost not solely their livelihoods however additionally their lives, and yet continued to travel on within the frontlines by healing, caring for others within the completely different components of the planet. President Duterte continued to call for promoting and protecting the rights of migrants, in spite of their migrant standing by adhering to the Global Compact for Safety, Orderly and Regular Migration. In circumspect, not all laws of International Labour Organization (ILO) were followed by this administration, jeopardising the efficacy of implementation, observation and social control and enhancement of its byelaws. Freedom of Association is particularly vulnerable below the Duterte administration. The administration’s sweeping anti-drug campaign is internationally criticized for its mass human rights violations, not just for its lack of due process, but also for its brutality and link to politically actuated killings. With an intensive history of political corruption and therefore the use of paramilitary forces against targeted people/organizations, disappearances among union or agricultural leaders are met with insufficient investigation. No singular centralised union database for the country drives unions to plead the utilisation of the media to call accountability to abductions and killings of labour leaders. In September of 2016, labour teams Partido Manggagawa (PM) and Philippine Airlines Employees Association (PALEA) called on the Department of Labour and Employment (DOLE) to forestall political violence below the prognostication of the anti-drug campaign. The groups reported the assassination of two labour leaders, six famers, and the abduction of a union officer. In instances like this, each fundamental right is desecrated and might solely be protected once migrant workers have access to attaining legal protection. Too boot, challenging an employer may subject the worker to discrimination, abuse, or loss of employment.
The UN had noble visions through its global governance however are sustained to be plagued by a number of its member-states of indifference and political gains. The present Philippine government have yet to form an honest and immediate concrete step on Sustainable Goals and Climate Change specifically to put a price on carbon, end subsidies and finance for coal and different fossil fuels, and reinvest those funds in renewable energy and just transition. For protection of migrant staff, the present Philippine government should initiate and enforce the strongest protections for workers of any trade agreements, requiring all local institutions/parties to adopt and maintain in their laws and practices the fundamental labour rights as recognized by the International Labour Organization (ILO), as well as freedom of association and the right to collective bargaining; eradication of forced labour; abolition of child labour; and the elimination of employment discrimination. It conjointly includes commitments to own laws governing minimum wages, hours of labour, and occupational safety and health to be strictly enforced. All these to be fully enforceable locally and any negative results of check and balance system can be imposed insured by trade sanctions by the United Nations.

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