Martin Luther King Jr was born in Atlanta, Georgia on January 15, 1929 (Martin Luther
King, Jr). He was the son of Martin Luther King Sr. and his mother, Alberta Williams King (History.com Staff). Martin Luther King Jr had two siblings, younger brother Alfred Daniel Williams King, and older sister Christine King Farris (History.com Staff). Martin Luther King was raised in a small Auburn neighborhood which would become home to very important African Americans (History.com Staff). On June 18, 1953, Luther King Jr met his future wife, Coretta Scott, to whom they would have four children. (Martin Luther King, Jr). Their four children were Yolanda Denise King, Martin Luther King III, Dexter Scott King, and Bernice Albertine King (History.com Staff). Martin Luther King went to Booker T. Washington high school where he had skipped the ninth and eleventh grades and enter Morehouse College when he was fifteen (Biography.com Editors). King received a sociology degree from Morehouse College and was elected valedictorian and student body president of his class (Biography.com Editors). Martin Luther King Jr had not anticipated to join the ministry but he had changed his mind due to his mentor, Dr. Bejamin Mays, a theologian and advocate for equality (History.com Staff). After Martin Luther King’s graduation from Morehouse College in 1948, he joined the Crozer Theological Seminay, being ordained the previous year as a minister in the Narionao Baptist Church (Martin Luther King, Jr). When Martin Luther King took the pastor job at Dexter Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama, he said, “[he had not] the slightest idea I would later become involved in a crisis in which nonviolent resistance would be applicable” (christianitytoday.com). Martin Luther King Jr fulfilled his Ph.D in 1955 when he was twenty-five years old (Biography.com Editors).
After Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat to a white man, Martin
Luther King, minister Ralph Abernathy and Alabama’s state chairman of the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) held a public meeting (Martin Luther King, Jr). After the meeting, African Americans began to boycott all the buses in Montgomery, Alabama, and thus MIA (Montgomery Improvement Association) was created (Martin Luther King, Jr). Martin Luther King Jr exclaimed, “There comes a time, my friends, when people get tired of being plunged across the abyss of humiliation, where they experience the bleakness of nagging despair. There comes a time when people get tired of being pushed out of the glittering sunlight of life’s July, and left standing amid the piercing chill of an alpine November. There comes a time” (Aretha 54-55). After the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in favor that the Montgomery bus laws were unconstitutional, King became a hero and an “acknowledged leader” in the battle for civil rights (Martin Luther King, Jr). In January 1957, Martin Luther King Jr was appointed president of SCLC (Southern Christian Leadership Conference), the goal of the organization was to continue to fight the struggle for civil rights (Martin Luther King, Jr). In February 1958, Martin Luther King and his organization, SCLC, organized twenty-one meetings across the southern cities as part of a “Crusade for Citizenship” (Martin Luther King, Jr). Martin Luther King Jr became an advocate for justice throughout the country (Martin Luther King, Jr). King called for a “day of penitence” in Albany, Georgia, after many African Americans were clashing and rioting with police, King was jailed, tried, and was given a suspended sentence (Martin Luther King, Jr). In May 1962, SCLC and Martin Luther King held their annual convention in Birmingham, Alabama to help in the civil rights struggle (Martin Luther King, Jr).
1963 was a very important year for civil rights, where Martin Luther King and 125,000
people marched in a “Freedom Walk” in Detroit and on August 27th in Washington, D.C. King gave his very famous speech “Let Freedom Ring” (Martin Luthe King, Jr).
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