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  • Subject area(s): Engineering
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  • Published on: 7th September 2019
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  • Number of pages: 2

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CHAPTER: 1

 PROJECT INTRODUCTION

1.1 Problem Summary:-

  Disaster is an event or group of events that which when occurs causes in casualties, damage and/ or loss of life, properties (i.e. home, office, industries, etc.), infrastructures (i.e. buildings, roads, power supplies, etc.), environment ( i.e. immediate area natural or man-made), essential services ( i.e. telecommunication, power, etc.) or means of livelihood ( i.e. food, clothes, water, etc.) on such a large scale that is more than the normal capabilities of the affected group to cope with. Disaster is also sometimes described as a “dangerous event/ situation in which the normal way of living or surrounding eco-system has been disrupted causing harm to surrounding area”. Immediate emergency attention and intervention should be done to save and preserve lives and or the environment.

Disaster Management can be defined as the organization and management of resources and responsibilities for dealing with all humanitarian aspects of emergencies, in particular preparedness, response and recovery in order to lessen the impact of disasters.

 

Types of disaster:

  Disaster can be categorized in to mainly two types:

1. Natural disasters

   These disasters include floods, hurricanes, earthquakes and volcano eruptions that can have immediate impacts on human health, as well as secondary impacts causing further death and suffering from floods causing landslides, earthquakes resulting in fires, tsunamis causing widespread flooding and typhoons sinking ferries.

 

2. Man-made Disaster  

 Disasters caused by chemical or industrial accidents, environmental pollution, transport accidents and political unrest are classified as “human-made” or “human-induced” disasters since they are the direct result of human action.  Global warming is also a major cause for disaster.

There are also other types of emergencies which may cause into large scale disasters.

They are as follows:

1. Environmental Emergencies

 These emergencies include technological or industrial accidents, usually involving hazardous material, and occur where these materials are produced, used or transported. Large forest fires are generally included in this definition because they tend to be caused by humans.

2. Complex Emergencies  

 These emergencies involve a break-down of authority, looting and attacks on strategic installations. Complex emergencies include conflict situations and war.  

3. Pandemic Emergencies  

 These emergencies involve a sudden onset of a contagious disease that affects health but also disrupts services and businesses, bringing economic and social costs.

 Our system at present will only focus on dealing with natural disasters. It defines the disaster prone zone as well as safe zones during disaster on map. It also gives the user live tips on what to do during such catastrophic events.

1.2 Aim and Objectives:-

We aim to create a system that is fast and efficient and can give user safe zones and disaster prone zones so that they may avoid them easily which results in reduction of casualty rate.

  Our application ‘Alert System for Calamity Prone Zone’ defines safe zones and disaster zones over a map so that people can avoid any coming calamities. It also gives the user live tips on what to do during such situation.

The objectives for project are as given below:

• Reducing manual work so that tasks can be completed easily and faster

• To speed up the operation and decrease time duration.

• Increase security, speed, storing and accuracy.

1.3 Problem Specification:-

At present, there is no such system available globally in which all the functionalities like safe zone and disaster prone zones detections, on-spot emergency tips etc. In current systems each system is created for specific purpose, thus does not provide all functionalities.  This system will help the people to avoid, escape or endure the disaster if any do occur.

1.4 Literature Review:-

Various existing systems and disaster management techniques are given below:

a) Intelligent systems for human behavior Analysis and personal Following Large scale Disasters

b) A Context-aware Disaster Response System Using Mobile Software Technologies and Collaborative Filtering Approach

c) A Model-Based Systems Engineering Approach to Capturing Disaster Management Systems

d) Design challenges for an integrated Disaster Management Communication and information system

e) Policy Based Migration of Mobile Agents in Disaster Management Systems

f) Research of GIS-based Urban Disaster Emergency Management Information System.

g) Disaster Management in Malaysia: An Application Framework of Integrated Routing Application for Emergency Response Management System.

h) Intelligent disaster management system using cloud enabled vehicular networks

1.5 Plan of Work

1.6 Materials / Tools Required

• Microsoft Visual Studio 10 for developing asp.net website

• SQL Server 2008 as back-end database.

• Asp.net (C#) as front-end for website.

• Laptop/Router/WIFI-hotspot device/Internet Connectivity which can be used to connect teacher and student

• CSS and JQuery for better look & feel.

CHAPTER: 2

System Analysis, Design Methodology and Implementation Strategy 

2.1 Existing System

There is no such current system present that provides live update on weather (calamities) and safety zones along with safety tips and precautions in a single system. The current existing systems just provide the information and safety procedures on what to do during hazardous situations.

2.2 List of System Modules:

• Home Page

o The login for both user and admin are here.

• About Us

o About the system, what it does and how it works.

• Open Source GPS

o To keep track of locations; of person, imminent disaster and safe zones.

• User Registration

o To register the user before using the system. Admin login can’t be registered.

• Message

o To send emergency message to people trapped in disaster prone area

• On-spot Tips

o To tell users what to do, precautions to be taken when a disasters occurs.

• Contact Us

o To contact us if there is any problem when using this system.

• Feedback

o Please let us know if you liked the system and if it was of any use.

2.3 Use Case Diagram

Use case gives us detailed information about the user interaction with the system and includes the main functionalities of the system.

2.4 Data Flow Diagram DFD:-

2.4.1 Context level diagram (level 0):

  DFD context level diagram of our interactive classroom Learning system gives the interaction between admin, guest user, Government, disaster team and the system and displays the direction where the data will flow and from where.

2.4.2 Data flow diagram (Level 1)

In DFD level 1, the diagram displays the interaction between the modules of the system and tables of database. The system will the get the data from the user then that data will flow from database to the end user at the respective places of the system.

2.4.3 Data flow diagram (Level 2)

o For Registration:

In this diagram, it displays that how registration process is done and how the detail is stored in database. It display the flow of whole registration process.

o For Disaster Department:

Types of disaster that are occurring or may occur and details about what to do during them.

o For SMS module:

To send emergency messages to the system users.

2.5 Canvases

2.5.1 Empathy Canvas:-

Users:

• Client

• Admin

Stakeholders:

• Government Agencies

• Disaster Victims

• Media

• Research Intuitions

• Police

• NGO’s

• Hospitals

• Fireman

Activities:

• Prior Disaster

o Pre Planning

o Emergency exercise

o Training

o Warning Systems

• During Disaster

o Public Warning System

o Emergency Operations

• After Disaster

o Temporary Housing

o Grants

o Medical care

o Claim Processing

• Reduce Disaster

o Building Codes & Zoning

o Venerability Analysis

o Educational Seminars

2.5.2 Ideation Canvas

People:

• Citizens

• NGO’s

• Military

• Teachers

• Student

• Police

• Research Institute

• Fire Man

• Government Agencies

• Media

• Disaster Officers

• Doctors

Activities:

• Forecasting

• Pre planning

• Information Gathering

• Seminars

• Security

• Search & Rescue

• Training

• Reconstruction

• Temporary Housing

Situation/Context:

• Food packet distribution to disaster struck area

• Medical Care for sick and injured

• Safe house for people to be safe from disaster

• Emergency evacuation for floods and heavy rain

2.5.3 Product Development Canvas

Purpose:

To locate disaster prone zones and warn people in the impeding area. To

show safe zones and give on-spot emergency tips to user.

People:

• Citizen

• Government Agency

• Police

• Doctor

• NGO’s

• Student

• Media

Product Experience:

• Informative

• Accurate

• Efficient

• User Friendly

Product Functions:

• Safe Zones

• Tips

• Locations

• Disaster Prone Zone

• SMS

Product Features:

• Detect disaster prone area and alert user in that area

• Show possible safe zone to peoplein disaster struck area

• On-spot emergency tips on what to do during disaster

Components:

• HTML5

• SQL Lite

• SQL

• Laptop

• Smart Phone

• GPS

2.5.4 AEIOU Summary Canvas

2.5.4.1. Environment:

• General Impressions/ Observations:

o Earthquake

o Heavy rain

o Flood

Alert the users in possible impact zones

• Elements, Features & Special Notes:

o GPS

Accurate postion and forecasting of impeding disaster so that user may be warned.

2.5.4.2. Interactions:

• General Impressions/ Observations:

o Internal Guide ( GCET)   - Data handling, using sql and sql lite

o External Guide ( BISAG) – Implementing GPS to our system

• Elements, Features & Special Notes:

o Smart Phone

o Laptop

o GPS

2.5.4.3. Objects:

• General Impressions/ Observations:

o Boot strap

o HTML5

o SQL & SQL Lite

o Smart Phone

o Android

o GPS

• Elements, Features & Special Notes:

Citizen can detect disaster prone zones and safe zones. They will get on spot safety tips on what to do during such situations.

2.5.4.4. Activities:

• General Impressions/ Observations:

o Training

o Educational Seminars

o Medical Care for injured

o Emergency Evacuation

o Temporary Housing

• Elements, Features & Special Notes:

o Mobile

o Tablet

o Laptop

o GPS

2.5.4.5. User:

• General Impressions/ Observations:

o Doctor

o Citizen

o Police

o Fireman

o Media

o Police

• Elements, Features & Special Notes:

o Police

Search and Rescue the people.

o Media

Alert people, spread and gather information.

o Doctor

Provide medical care for sick and injured.

o NGO

To educate and bring awarness to people.

Chapter 3

Implementation

3.1 Home:

3.2 About as:

2.3 Feedback:

3.4 Registration:

3.5 Map View:

The view allows user to track his location along with disaster prone area and safety zones.

It is under construction. 

CHAPTER-4

Summary

4.1 Summary

 Hence, we can conclude that our system will easily help save lots of lives.

It shall be available to all. It is fast, efficient, secure and easy to use. It can be used by anyone i.e. police, doctors or any other citizen to both save and rescue oneself and other people. It uses open source GPS to detect safe spots and disaster prone zones so that people may be able to avoid or escape the area. On-spot emergency tips can be given through system to user on what to do during such situations.

4.2 Advantages

• Administrator can know the position of the people in distress.

• Strategies can be made to save and rescue in critical situation.

• It is useful in emergency situation.

• User can see safe zones and disaster prone zone over a map.

4.3 Disadvantages

• Active support from live personal is required to help those in distress.

• The system requires network connectivity and internet to be usable.

4.4 Future Scope

   At present we are developing the system over the web with ASP.net and later it will be available over android and other devices as an application for all user to use ant any time anywhere.

4.5 References

1. http://ndma.gov.in/ndma/

2. http://www.credoreference.com/entry/ultimatebusiness/disaster_management.

3. http://nidm.gov.in/default.asp

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