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    Crisis plan-Evaluation and Analysis.

Name:

Institution

The sustainable plans to control natural crisis by reducing the disaster risk is integral. There have been urgent needs to take into account the increasing frequency of extreme disastrous events. The crisis may result due to global climatic changes or human-related activities.This article review emphasizes the importance of addressing the growing disaster risks using the structured approaches. Components and the laid strategies in a crisis plan should continually be reviewed to ensure possible solutions are added to already existing ones based on past experiences. The guiding framework that covers planning, monitoring and evaluation analyses the success and failure of the past used plans. The cycle of analysis involves responding processes by incorporating various factors that may affect the procedure.

Hurricane Katrina made landfall on the Gulf coast between the major cities of New Orleans, Louisiana, to the west, and Mobile, Alabama, to the East. The impacted area along the coast and inland of the swath of the storm contributed to the deaths of more than 1000 people. Moreover, hundreds of thousands of families were affected directly or indirectly in the cities mentioned above. The hurricane resulted in a destruction of property and sizeable displacement of assets causing significant devastation.

The published reports proved that the response to Katrina hurricane was a failure. The world watched as the government responders appeared unable to give ultimate protection from the ravages of nature. The weak of response resulted from an inability to manage several risk factors. The risk of this catastrophe had been considered and there were enough warning of the threat. The declarations of emergency status were made in advance days before the landfall. The responders failed to prepare adequately with the scope of the impending disaster. Moreover, the diffused nature of the intergovernmental response system weakened the process since it failed to recognize the need to engage actively. The risk governance deficit and handling methods to Katrina hurricane can be well analyzed depending on the response to the early warning. The disaster could-could not classify as a surprise, but the ample warning of the coming disaster encountered insufficient preparation. The consequences had been long anticipated due to dangers of levee collapse for a coastal city built mostly below the sea level

If only FEMA got their support on time to get funds for the simulation to model the effects of hurricanes that hit the city.Although the warning was long run warning the plan was not a full operational guide and hence the responders thought it was easy to implement. The simulation was not fully implemented as it was not fully funded to cover such things as evacuations.The follow -up workshop was as a result delayed until shortly before Katrina because FEMA could not find funds to pay for travel expenses. If the simulation had taken place earlier and had it been comprehensive, organizational learning and network building could have been facilitated in ways that would have improved coordination among responders.

Responders also had adequate warning since the national weather service issued strong warnings. The notice was supposed to convince Governors of Mississippi and Louisiana to announce the state of emergency three days before landfall. The declaration was not made until Sunday when the mayor ordered a mandatory evacuation.However, many decided to stay because they lacked transport while others thought it was a false alarm. The report compiled about Katrina hurricane gives various recommendations that could be used in an occurrence of other disasters. Based on the transportation difficulties experienced previously, transport and traffic engineering studies should be conducted to address traffic congestions that might be generated by unfortunate events. The plan should focus on public transportation that affords a pleasant and affordable means of traveling. Moreover, legislation should be enacted that would require department of human services to meet funds requirements to maximize resources access during disasters.

Crisis intervention during Katrina hurricane was about clarifying intentions to the affected individuals, providing support and safety assurance. The kind of support given was during the speech in any disaster is should provide physical and psychological support. Psychological support involves deep empathic responding using the reflection of emotional feelings and owning statement of the affected individuals. The respondent should be able to give genuine support to help the victim recover from the situation. The need for informational support is particularly critical for people who after the disaster are trying to access the necessities of living. Throughout a crisis intervention, safety is the primary considerations that are both physically and psychologically based. Assessing the affected individual and other\'s safety should always be the priority task. Responders can neglect a wide variety of options available to the client and therefore alternatives must be established. Options can be viewed from situational supports, coping mechanism and active construction thinking patterns on the part of the customer which can alter the client\'s view of problems.

Mississippi crisis plan could be used be used to solve disaster that could be experienced in Alabama coastline. The state has along navigable waterways and has vulnerable population hence damage along this area can cause losses, disruption, and casualties. The plan can be applicable when handling weather-related emergencies like Tornados, thunderstorm, snow sheets and hurricanes. The program covers the unpredictable emergencies like earthquakes and outbreak of diseases and can be adopted by Alabama State. The plan establishes radical policies and assumptions for emergency management, outlines state\'s vulnerabilities to potential hazards and a comprehensive emergency management concepts of operation. The local, federal and states relationship has been described with their responsibilities. Mississippi contingency plan needs to be added several ideas like legislation of Responsibilities of each department applicable during the crisis in Alabama State. It\'s crucial for all citizens in Alabama to have a detailed crisis management plan which addresses preparedness and response.

River Mississippi experienced floods that were catastrophic in nature. Professionals decided to help yet some people opted help from leaders they well knew. Experts offered mental health services to meet the need for community in disaster support, and this lead to the development. There is a general opinion that CREST purposed to maximize mental health resources and many people have received crisis intervention. The program created jobs for the training team. The success of CREST is a model of achievement to the community.

Based on my evaluation of strategies and situations at Katrina and Mississippi crisis, elements of the crisis plan could be helpful in the management of disaster in Alabama or Louisiana states.Considering that management in Katrina was not a success, it is clear that better coordination among the network of responders, a better sense of urgency, and more successful management of related risk factors could have reduced the losses. The paper also suggests the advantages of using the common set of crisis responders with varying connectivity. The type of risk management deficits discussed are relevant to other crisis and can be applied to manage disasters.  

References

Wiley, W. D. (2011). Maricopa County Air Quality Department: Challenges and Solutions. Ariz.

 St. LJ, 43, 943.

Smith, K. (2013). Environmental hazards: assessing risk and reducing disaster. Routledge.

Jones, K., Allen, M., Norris, F. H., & Miller, C. (2009). Piloting a new model of crisis

counseling: Specialized crisis counseling services in Mississippi after Hurricane Katrina.

  Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research, 36(3),

   195-205.

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