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  • Published on: 7th September 2019
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This project is interested in applying safety principles in VAPCO Company

We visited the plant and found that the plant applies general safety laws, but there was a problem in conducting the risks, accidents and how to deal with it, so we decided to follow OHSAS 18001 system to address this problem.


1.1 Company Profile

VAPCOCompany was founded in 1975 under the name of  \"veterinary and agricultural factories Company\"

The factory was established in Dhulial area (50 km north of Amman), and raised its production of veterinary medicines and agricultural pesticides after it completed the technical and mechanical equipment for industrial veterinary medicines and agricultural pesticides.

VAPCO produces a large number of pesticides (agriculture, health workforce and veterinary) and fungicides and herbicides, snails, rodents and inhibitors insects, Disinfectants, seeds, fertilizers, growth as well as veterinary products, where these materials produce high quality and affordable, making VAPCO leading competitor in the market.

The company employs 276 employees with different specialties from veterinarians, pharmacists, chemists, engineers, electricians , agricultural engineers , lab technicians and skilled workers, working under the efficient administration.

 The second stage of the company’s plan started in 1986 to produce Pesticides (Acaricides, Insecticides, Fungicides, Herbicides, Rodenticides, Molluscicides, and Seed dressings), Public health insecticides, Veterinary insecticides, Fertilizers and Plant growth regulators.


VAPCO plant consists of several departments:

  - Quality Control Department(Q.C)

  - Research And Development(R.D)

  - Production Department

  - Quality Assurance Department


  - Marketing

  - Registration Department


VAPCO has three separate main production plants for production of the veterinary pharmaceuticals, liquid and powder agrochemicals.


The production capacity of the company for different products depends on the final presentation and packing of the products:

– 15 MT/day of Veterinary products.

– 10 MT/day of Disinfectants.

– 75-100 MT/day of Agricultural pesticides, Veterinary and Public health insecticides.

Veterinary Pharmaceuticals:

– Powder unit.

– Liquid and medicated shampoo unit.

– Ointments unit.

– Medicated creams unit.

– Disinfectants and sterilizants unit.

– Tableting unit.

– Injections unit.


Liquid Pesticides:

– Acaricides unit.

– Insecticides unit.

– Fungicides unit.

– Herbicides unit.

– Public health insecticides unit.

Powder Pesticides:

– Acaricides unit.

– Insecticides unit.

– Fungicides unit.

– Herbicides unit.

– Granulation unit.

– Public health insecticides unit.

Although VAPCO has accomplished many successful targets in this area, the company still continues the efforts to develop and extend its export channels and objectives on a global level, depending on the superior quality of its products which rendered a strong base for all prevention and control programs of animal\'s diseases in agricultural pests and animal health section.


Some of VAPCO products :




2 Literature review

2.1 Introduction

Safety in any operation works best if the person or people in charge take a leading role in managing safety and health. Many business enterprises have proven that good safety management leads to increased productivity, and the same works for farms. By having a good safety management program, you can avoid not only farm injuries, but also other incidents that are costly, time consuming, stressful and inconvenient. This makes good economic sense.

2.2 OHSAS 18001

OHSAS 18001 is an Occupation Health and Safety Assessment Series for health and safety management systems. It is intended to help an organization to control occupational health and safety risks. It was developed  in response to widespread demand for a recognized standard against which to be certified and assessed

health occupational for standard recognized globally the is 18001 OHSAS . management safety and all of and sectors all from organizations helped has standard the date To their minimize to frameworks management structured place in put sizes ,legal meet and conditions working optimum deliver, risks operational requirements customer and industry essential also is it – people protecting about just not is 18001 OHSAS But organization an of integrity and health, longevity the protecting for you help can 18001 OHSAS how understand you help will guide This and accidents of likelihood the reduce, environment working safe a provide by reputation corporate your improve and, breaches legal potential . practice best to commitment your demonstrating ,training through - journey this along way the all you support can . solutions software and assessment independent, guidance using future safer a secure and risk


The OHSAS specification is applicable to any organization that wishes to:

Establish an OH&S management system to eliminate or minimize risk toemployees and other interested parties who may be exposed to OH&S risksassociated with its activitieAssure itself of its conformance with its stated OH&S policyDemonstrate such conformance to othersImplement, maintain and continually improve an OH&S managementsystemMake a self-determination and declaration of conformance with this OHSASspecification. Seek certification/registration of its OH&S management system by an externalorganization


The principal requirements of the standard are illustrated below :


Understanding the principles of continual improvement

The Plan-Do-Check-Act (PDCA) cycle is the operating principle of all ISO management system standards including BS OHSAS 18001

By following this cycle you can effectively manage and continually improve your organizations effectiveness

Whether you are the managing director setting the direction of the business or individual focusing on a specific tack the PDCA cycle is very useful in achieving continuous improvement

The four phases in the Plan-Do-Check-Act cycle involve:


2.2.1Plan – defining your policy objectives and targets

OHSAS 18001 outlines the following planning steps in order to build rebuts occupational health and safety management system

Hazard identification, risk assessment and controls

Use these processes to form the basis of your management system the flexibility of the BC OHSAS 18001 standard allows you to manage the complexity of these processes relative to the size of your business , your own workplace situations and the nature and significance of your specific hazards

Legal and other requirements

The standard asks that you develop and evaluate procedures that enable you to identify the legal and other health and safety requirements relating to your organization

Objectives and program

The way to achieve your health and safety policy is through defined objectives when setting these make sure they are specific , measurable , agreed , realistic and time bound responsibility and authority for achieving these objectives need to be review as well as a plan to review them at regular intervals  


2.2.2Do- implementing your health and safety management system

You have the commitment and direction from management and the necessary resources to do the job now it\'s time to put your plan into action

Resources and responsibility

Encourage your senior management to appoint a management representative who will ensure the availability of resources for the project this person will assume responsibility for reporting performance and compliance of the management system against the requirements of OHSAS 18001

Emergency preparedness and response

Make sure you have plans in place to be able to respond to emergency situationand accidents and periodically test and review these plans to ensure the work

Documentation and control

Consult the OHSAS 18001 standard to understand the essential documentation and records which you must hold , how you should control and update them you must make sure you have a framework and procedures for managing deviation from your policy and from the review of objectives and targets , ensure that your suppliers and contractors adhere to these too

Operational control

You will need to regularly check that yourrisk control measures are being properlymanaged. This includes the development ofappropriate procedures and themaintenance of records. These records mayrelate to purchased goods, equipment andservices, contractors, visitors and more


Competence, training andawareness

You need to ensure that your employees arecompetent to deliver the managementsystem. Make sure they understand theirroles and responsibilities and theimportance of conforming to the health andsafety policy and procedures – considertraining to plug any knowledge andawareness gaps

Communication, participation and consultation

Participation and involvement of staff inhazard identification, risk assessments andincident investigation is necessary, as aregood levels of internal communication.Yourexternal contractors and visitors also have arole to play and must be briefed


2.2.3Check and Act– measurementreview and improvement

Your management system is a living framework which needs to be reviewed on a regular basis.Make sure you continue to review your health and safety performance and management objectivesfrequently to ensure your system remains relevant and appropriate to the organization.

Performance measurement and monitoring

A process for monitoring and measuring isrequired. This will give you the confidencethat you are in control of your health andsafety risks and should provide a mechanismto determine your progress towardsachieving your objectives. Where equipmentis required to monitor or measureperformance, this equipment should becalibrated and records kept

Evaluation of compliance

Meeting and keeping abreast of legalrequirements is essential, as is the evaluationand documentation of your organization’sperformance against these criteria.

Internal audits

These are required at regular intervals tassess your system’s suitability and on-goingeffectiveness. Audits provide evidence thatyour health and safety system is working andthat you are in control. Make sure that youraudits are impartial and objective.

Management review

Your top management will need to meetperiodically to ensure that the managementsystem is still suitable and effective. Usethese meeting to review your organization’spolicy and performance against itsobjectives. The review should also considerthe changing business environment and thefuture management programmer


Control of records

Ensure you are able to identify, store, protect,retrieve, retain and dispose of records inaccordance with the standard and ensurethey remain legible.

Incident investigation,non-conformity, corrective andpreventative action

Procedures are required for the handling,investigation and analysis of accidents,incidents and non-conformities in order toeliminate the actual or potential cause.Youwill also be required to put in place aprocedure to address non-conformities andfor taking corrective and preventative actions


Established an OHSAS for your Organization

- Develop an occupational health and safety management system

- Document occupational health and safety management system.

- Implement occupational health and safety management system.

- Maintain occupational health and safety management system.

- Improve occupational health and safety management system.

Develop an OH&S Policy for your Organization

Define your organization’s health and safety policy -

Document your organization’s health and safety polic-  

Implement your organization’s health and safety policy -

Maintain your organization’s health and safety policy-

Communicate your organization’s health and safety policy-

 Analyze OH&S Hazards and Select Controls

Develop a methodology to identify hazards and assess your organization’s risk  -

Establish procedures to identify hazards and assess your organization’s risks -

Implement your hazard identification and risk assessment methods and procedure -

Maintain your hazard identification and risk assessment methods and procedures-

Reduce OH&S risks by selecting your controls-

Establish procedures to select your controls-

Implement your control selection procedures


Ensure Competence and Provide Training

-Ensure the competence of people who perform tasks that could have an impact on worker health and safety

-Maintain records which show that people who have an impact on worker health and safety are in fact competent

Identify your organization\'s health and safety training needs-

Establish health and safety training methods and procedures-

Provide training to meet your organization\'s safety training needs-

Evaluate the overall effectiveness of your safety training activities-

Maintain a record of your safety training activities and results-

Establish a procedure to make personnel aware of safety-

Implement your organization\'s awareness procedure-

Maintain your organization\'s awareness procedure-

Document your Organization\'s OHSMS

Document your workers\' health and safety policy-

Document your workers\' health and safety objectives-

Document the scope of your health and safety system-

Document the elements (parts) of your safety system-

Document how the elements of your system interact-


Investigate your OH&S Incidents

Establish procedures to investigate incidents-

Implement your incident investigation procedures-

Maintain your incident investigation procedures-

Maintain your control selection procedures. OSHA Consultation Program OSHA offers a free consultation program providing the following benefits:

- professional advice and assistance to correct workplace hazards

- on-site training and assistance

- OSHA inspections may be deferred during the course of the consultation

- make safety and health activities routine rather than crisis oriented

OSHA consultants will:

- Help employers recognize hazards in the workplace.

- Assist employers in developing or maintaining an effective safety and health system.

- Suggest general approaches or options for solving a safety or health problem.

- Identify resources available if an employer needs further assistance.

- Provide employers with a written report summarizing findings.

- Provide safety and health training.

OSHA consultants will not:

 • Issue citations or propose penalties for violations of OSHA standards.

 • Guarantee that a workplace will \"pass\" any OSHA inspection.


Definition of a hazard

 A hazard is simply a condition or a set of circumstances that present a potential for harm. Hazards are divided into two broad categories:

 • Health hazards (cause occupational illnesses)

 • Safety Hazards (cause physical harm - injuries)

Hazard Identification


hazards Biological hazards Chemical hazards Physical hazards Engineering


Age Viruses and bacteria transmitted from infected patients or contaminated food or from the place How to deal with the chemicals used and their outputs Noise Electrical

Negligence Vibration Mechanical

Psychological state Light Strategy

Tired Heat and cold The storage

Lack of experience and training


Work site

Ventilation Distribution machinery

the stairs



References /


Safety principles in VAPCO Company


Shahd Atef Faiyz Al Shajrawi (1335225)

Tala Khaled Abdullah Al Balawi (1341035)

Qusai Ayman Mahmoud Al Othman (1335247)

Faleh Ibrahim Al Rowad (1341052)

Supervised by

Dr. Akram Al Sukker

Department of Industrial Engineering

Hashemite University



ABSTRACT ……………………………………………….. 2

CHAPTER (1): Introduction

1.1 Company Profile …………………………………………….2

1.2 Production Plants ……………………………………………3

CHAPTER (2): Literature review

2.1 Introduction ……………………………………….8

2.2 OHSAS 18001 ……………………………………8

REFERENCES ……………………………………… 21


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