Abstract- The management of engineering projects needs to complete the basics of system administration and work. starting from the idea and how to turn it into a full study and ended at the construction project completion arriving to the purpose prepared for it, so we need to thread engineering projects and the integration of its system in order to succeed.
It is no secret for reader or who concerned in the field of construction projects that the design stage is a very important stage in the project because it determine the final features of the project through the requirements provided by the employer for the consultant to formulated it during this phase in the form of plans, drawings and specifications, then translated on the ground as the shape of completed project meets those requirements.
Therefore it was been necessary to focus in this paper on the design stage and demonstrate the most important steps and secondary stages and study and analysis of the most important risk facing this stage and their impact on construction project by introducing a questionnaire to identify the most important risks factors affecting that stage of the project life.
Keywords— Risk, Design Stage, Iraq, Projects, Constructions.
A client commissions an architect to produce a well-balanced building in terms of appearance, planning, construction, initial and maintenance costs. He expects an efficiently run contract and an amicable settlement of final account. In many cases, the client is an extremely efficient business organization and expects the contract to be run in a similar manner. In order to achieve this, an architect is faced not only with organizing his own office, but also relying on the support of scores of competitive sub-contractors, half a dozen main contractors, the quantity surveyor, the engineer and any specialists who are involved. Up to now this has generally resulted in his becoming one of two things: a designer who hopes that it will be accepted that he is not very good at administration, or an administrator who, as a result, does little designing. At best he pushes on hoping that the details will sort themselves out on the site.
Designing and administration are each an integral part of the job and demand a proportion of time to be spent on them which, with some exceptions, should not vary enormously from job to job. The method by which a design is developed and brought into shape as a building is through the application of a set of administrative constants which are the known quantities of nearly all contracts. The most common form of trouble is the failure to apply these administrative ‘musts’ in a sequence which anticipates the steps which follow. This reacts throughout the whole contract, resulting in a cumulative muddle which can only be remedied at the expense of design time.
Therefore it was been necessary to focus in this paper on the design phase and its effect on construction project.
The methodology of this research consists the following:
1. Conduct a questionnaire survey with experts and collected data to conclude the most important risks factors deal with design stage and their effect on construction project.
2. Analysis the questionnaire output in order to summarize the results, conclusions and recommendations for the future studies.
II. FIELD SURVEY AND QUESTIONNAIRE PREPARATION
The objective of the questionnaire was to collect sufficient statistical and qualitative data to help in answering the questions raised by sub-problems and to help make conclusions on whether the experts hypotheses are assured or not.
The questionnaire was divided into three main sectors; A) entailed general questions of opinion mostly covering qualitative analysis, whereas sector B) and sector C) dealt with more specific questions susceptible to statistical analysis.
Sectors B) and C) were analyzed using statistical methods such as the mean, standard deviation and upper quartile. The general survey was structured in such a manner that respondents gave their opinions on the questions by hand and suggested suitable alternatives wherever applicable.
An interview was arranged with a respondent whenever there were issues in the questionnaire that needed clarification or whenever the information on specific questions disagreed with the consideration survey in an essential manner
The executed field visits and personal meetings that have been conducted enriched the initial questions list by different opinions, suggestions and proposals that considered being part of the questionnaire. The stated efforts led to the following conclusions:
1- The consultative team (designers and supervisors) does not dedicate itself in the continuous mentoring for the work and workers.
2- There is no gained benefit from the experiences extracted from the previous projects in order to avoid mistakes during the execution of current projects.
3- There is no utilization of the experience of executors that been gained from previous projects.
4- Most of projects are suffering from the inefficient of financing for projects.
5- There is no dependency on experts and responsible managers who have enough qualifications that are essential for time saving through avoiding the routine managerial procedures.
6- The consultative team has no enough time to study the project specifications carefully that may reduce change orders.
7- It is common that designers and executors have no contribution in the preparing stage of design documents.
8- The finished design documents are quickly delivered to contractors who do not have the sufficient qualifications.
9- Most of projects are suffering lack of communications between parties.
10- Most of projects are suffering lack of design software packages that enable parties to supervise and control the project.
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