The practical perspective findings in this study are important to the educational sectors in Malaysia, particularly the government in improving its policies, strategies and systems in terms of entrepreneurship education.
This study contributes significantly to the public and private universities, particularly concerning the policies and practices in the selection and management of educational curricula, teaching methodologies and pedagogies of entrepreneurship education.
The focus on entrepreneurship education is adapted by most of the public and private universities in Malaysia. The education system involving entrepreneurship education is used effectively by the Malaysian universities as monitors of the strategic roles, in which they play to increase the number of entrepreneurial graduates in the employment market.
The present study will contribute significantly to the operational elements of the educational
systems of entrepreneurship education, with regard to the quality of programs, human resources, roles of the universities, aid from the government, government-linked organisations and financial institutions and lastly, the parents and extended family members of the university students. The study could assist both the internal and external stakeholders in understanding the unemployment situation of the country and how entrepreneurship education could be motivated with a world-class education system, as desired by the Malaysian university students to gain entrepreneurial intentions.
5.4 Limitations and Suggestions for Future Research
The findings in the present study display some shortcomings. These limitations need to be recognised when interpreting the findings of this study, while at the same time recognizes the opportunities which it presents for further research.
The present study was conducted in the entrepreneurship-focused colleges under MARA. There are other public and private universities that are also focused in entrepreneurship studies, but not included in the study. Thus, the study is limited to only one entrepreneurship-focused college in MARA. The study examined the relationships between entrepreneurship education and entrepreneurial intentions. The study is limited to the relationship between these variables only.
The methodology employed was the survey method using a set of questionnaires. Through this method the research attempts to predict entrepreneurial intentions of students in KPM Seri Iskandar, by questioning what they will do, or what assumptions they would make about their likely behaviour, based on how they have answered the questionnaires. Thus, the limitation of the interpretation of the results is limited to the survey research method only.
The study utilizes the probability sampling techniques to determine the sampling size. Due to
the sampling technique employed, the finding is limited to the sampling technique. The sample population included was only the final year student of KPM Seri Iskandar. The finding is limited to the sample population.
Samples of the study are students pursuing international business, marketing and information technology programs in KPM Seri Iskandar. The study does not take into account of all the views of the students pursuing other courses in the college at large. The results of the findings are limited to the views of international business, marketing and information technology students pursuing entrepreneurship courses in KPM Seri Iskandar only.
The study used 5-point Likert-type scale for respondents to indicate their degree of agreement with the statements on entrepreneurship education and entrepreneurial intentions. Thus, the content of the study is limited to the understanding that all respondents understand the statements in the questionnaires used for the study. In the present study, the instrument measured perceptions. It has been assumed that the respondents were telling the truth about their perceptions on entrepreneurship education provided by the college.
It is proposed that further research should consider the following areas or aspects. The present study was conducted to investigate the relationship between entrepreneurship education and entrepreneurial intentions in one entrepreneurship-focused college under MARA.
Future research may be conducted in other higher learning institutions by modifying some of the dimensions found in the present study. Such studies could enrich knowledge on variables in the evaluation of entrepreneurial intentions within the entrepreneurship education settings.
The present study employed the survey method that used a set of questionnaires as measurement scale. Future studies could consider the use of other tools, such as interviews and focus groups, to collect the required data for measuring entrepreneurship education and entrepreneurial intentions.
In the present study, the instrument measured perceptions. The study employed was the
survey method using a set of questionnaires. Through this method, the research attempts to predict entrepreneurial intentions, by asking what they will do and make assumptions about their behaviour based on how they have answered the questionnaire. The present study emphasises on what the respondents say and they will do, or what the researcher assumes they will do.
Future research should emphasise on what the respondents do by using the direct interaction
research method or interview methods. The primary benefit of this method is that it allows the researcher to employ the direct interaction, whereby the researcher may have direct contact with the respondents and the contact personnel during the interactions. Through this method there will be a two-way communication, where any unclear questions or doubts could be answered.
The present study is limited to only international business, marketing and information technology students. Future research could be conducted with non-business students, in the fields of engineering, hospitality, legal, architecture, accounting and medical fields. The study is also limited to only one college. There is a likely tendency that further research needed to be conducted to test the students in other entrepreneurship-focused Malaysian universities.
Further research exploring the relationship between entrepreneurship education and
entrepreneurial intentions is necessary and appropriate
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