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Dublin Institute of Technology

Bolton Street

15th of March 2016

Wind Farms and Pylons in Ireland

Student Name: Mohamed Al Shamsi

Student Number: D14125045

Lecture's Name:

Program: DT066A

Module: Engineering Professional Practice

Contents Page Number

Executive summary

Introduction

Wind farms in Ireland

Wind farms in general

Wind Energy Statistics

History of Wind Energy

Objections in Ireland

Building the wind farms

Recommendations

Conclusion

Reference

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Executive summary:

This report provides what is a wind farm? , how the wind farms and pylons can help the society in Ireland? , what are the advantages and disadvantages of wind farms? , what’s the average of wind energy statistic in Ireland and in north Ireland? And how much the wind capacity production over the years in Ireland?

Introduction:

Nowadays, the wind farms used as an alternative source of power generation source, a substitute for oil and natural gas. A wind farm is a gathering of wind turbines in the same area used to create energy. It is one of the significance sources for producing energy nowadays. It can be found mostly in countries which have offshore. Most of the European countries have wind farms built because it’s one of the best sources for produce energy. As Ireland one of the countries that used this source for saving energy it seems that the local habitat gets affected by the wind farms. Wind farm is one of the renewable energies there is solar energy and hydroelectric energy. But, the wind farms in recent years wind energy become one of the economical renewable energy demanded in whole world. As it production capacity is too high.

Wind Farms in Ireland:

Ireland has a superb seaward wind asset that contrasts positively and the best on the planet both as far as consistency and quality. This reason what makes Ireland the best area for introducing wind farms. However, there are a lot of companies that operate the wind farms in Ireland such as energia, Irish wind energy association (IWEA) and gaelectric etc….  The first wind farm been realised in Ireland it was in 1992 at Bellacorrick, Co. Mayo. 1,630 MW of wind capacity has been installed at the end of December 2011. By December 2011 a total of 148 wind farms been installed, bringing the total capacity 1,630MW. (Kellen, 2012). In 2009 wind turbines produced more than 6.5 times the total electricity demand of Ireland for the whole year. From this capacity it could estimate that about 500000 homes may be supplied enough clean green power. So, as shown in the statistics that wind power produce huge amount of capacity in few years after has been installed.

Wind Farms in general:

The wind farms are source of renewable energy. The same number of renewable energies is appeared as of late that the wind farms generation limit of energy is great. In this way, it can be the answer or the issue for the social, economic and environmental. Along these lines, if this been dispersed to focal points and disservice, to be sure, they will be a great deal of contention.

The advantages of the wind farms are:

The wind farm are ecological which is perfect for the nature. The capability of the wind farms is enormous. It produces successful limit of energy. Wind energy is a renewable source of energy. People can produce their own power with wind power in much the same way as people do with the best solar panels. Hence, it's great residential potential.

The Disadvantage of the wind farms are:

The accessibility of winds farm is not consistent. The cost to build one is incredible high. Example: these huge machines are set in place using an average of 1000 tons of concrete while the machines themselves are by and large manufactured in and shipped from China. (Crossan, 2012) It ruins the look of the landscape in the villages. Noise that it produces which impact local people home that they can’t rest around evening time. Danger to natural life, for example, winged creatures or any flying animals. They are more numerous purposes of the focal points and burdens not been say. In any case, those angles which been specified are those are taking under thought as they are what influence the monetary, social and environment issues most.

Wind Energy Statistics:

Wind energy will be a developing division in Ireland what’s more Northern Ireland, making employments also benefiting companies. See underneath the most recent Realities Also figures on the wind energy business.

This table below shows the Number of winds farms in the Republic of Ireland and in the island of Ireland:

The number of Wind Farms on the island of Ireland The number of wind farms in the Republic of Ireland

235 201

Installed Wind Energy Capacity Location

3078MW Island of Ireland

2436MW The Republic of Ireland

642MW Northern Ireland

There are 2,000,700 Home Powered Equivalent on the island of Ireland , that’s a good news for the people whose lives in Ireland also for the government cause that the wind farms covers all these homes without using oil or gas to generate electricity . In Irish Wind Energy Association (2015) it shows the wind energy statistics.

History of Wind Energy:

In Irish Wind Energy Association (2015) it shows the installed wind capacity in Ireland.

This graph above shows that installed wind capacity over the years from 2000 to 2009 in the green colour and which is projected in the blue colour.

In the same way, as you can see the wind capacity are increasing over the years.

Objections in Ireland:

Social issues started to increase yearly towards the wind farms, pylons and the overcome result of this is creating a group of protest around Ireland against the wind turbines. In 2014, this group of about 7,000 people went to Dublin to raise their voice against the wind turbines which they said it’s affected the people health and the natural landscape. In addition, they mention that they accuse the government to listen to their problems against these turbines. (Griffin, 2014). It is possible that there are no benefits to the local people because the damage of the wind farms is more than the benefits. Nobody can destroy his property for something maybe he will not get any benefits from it.

Building the wind farms:

Building the wind farms will take a part in three issues which they are: social, economic and environmental. In the same way, this issues is the important part that compare between the before and after installing a wind farm. In the social part is demonstrates that in the wake of introducing wind turbines or pylons, all of issues swings to negative.

1) Social

Before installing the wind farms the locals don’t have any issues, but there isn’t a good energy source for the homes. But after installing the wind farms the locals have an issue in the health; sleep with noise, scared on sale their homes and bad smell caused by the wind farm.

2) Economic

Before installing the wind farms there is no energy production. But after installing the wind farms it help to increase on the economic and have high capacity production.

3) Environment

Before installing the wind farms there is no air pollution and it doesn't threat the flying creatures. But after installing the wind farms still no air pollution.

In conclusion:

Finally, after reviewing the information I can say that wind farms have no common interests between locals and the government because the majority of those are affected by the wind farms. In the same way, people who live next to wind farms cannot sleep comfortably so they prefer to sell their properties and live in cities. However, the wind farms are clean and we can reduce the pollution by using renewable energy such as wind energy and solar energy etc. After all that we can say that the wind farms help to increase on the economic in Ireland  

Recommendations:

Therefore, I would like to make the following recommendation:

1) The government should listen to people who’s against the wind farms and try to find a solution for this issue.  

2) Try to build the wind farms far away from the houses and farms.

3) Find another source of energy does not effect on the environment.

Reference:

Kellen, H. (2012) Wind Farms in Ireland. Available at:

http://www.seai.ie/Renewables/Wind_Energy/Wind_Farms/Wind_Farms_in_Ireland/#sthash.RLENGoxg.dpuf [Accessed 10th March 2016]

O'Sullivan, C. (2014) 200 homes use placard protest over windfarm. Available at:

http://www.irishexaminer.com/ireland/200-homes-use-placard-protest-over-windfarm-253959.html [Accessed 12th March 2016]

Crossan, P. (2011) Column: Wind farms aren’t the answer, they’re the problem. Available at:http://www.thejournal.ie/readme/column-wind-farms-aren%E2%80%99t-the-answer-they%E2%80%99re-the-problem-221742-Sep2011/ [Accessed 11th March 2016]

Griffin, D. (2014) ‘Thousands protest against pylons and wind turbines’, Irish Times, 15 April. Available at: http://www.irishtimes.com/news/environment/thousands-protest-against-pylons-and-wind-turbines-1.1763015 [Accessed 13th March 2016]

Irish Wind Energy Association. (2015). Wind Energy Statistics. Available: http://www.iwea.com/windstatistics/ [Last accessed 10th Mar 2016]

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