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Padma awards are one of the most prestigious and highest civilian awards given by the government of India to the civilians. These awards were instituted in the year

1954 and are awarded at the occasion of The Republic Day to honor those citizens who had a made significant and extraordinary contributions to the prestige of nation.

The contributions can be any field such as literatue, art and education, sports, medicine, social work, science, engineering, public affairs, trade and industry, etc.  

The Padma awards can be divided into three categories Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan and Padma Shri. During the initial period of the awards there were only 18 Padma

Shrees, 23 Padma Bhushan and 6 Padma Vibhushan awards but however over the recent years the number of these awardees has been gone up to a significant number. During

the period of 60 years that there are more than 2,333 Padma Shree awardees, 1,111 Padma Bhushan awardees and 264 Padma Vibhushan awardees. The recommendations for

Padma Awards are received from the State Governments/Union Territory Administrations, Central Ministries/Departments, Institutions of Excellence, etc. which are

considered by an Awards Committee. On the basis of the recommendations of the Awards Committee, and after approval of the Home Minister, Prime Minister and President,

the Padma Awards are announced on the eve of the Republic Day.

CRITERIA:

This award is given for outstanding and exceptional achievements/service in all fields/disciplines  such as art, Literature and Education, Sports, Medicine, Social

Works, Science and Engineering, Public Affairs, Civil Service, Trade and Industry etc. The following points to be kept in view before selection of suitable candidates

for Padma Awards.

I. It may be ensured that the persons recommended are the deserving candidates fulfilling all the criterias for this  Awards, looking at their life-time achievement.

The criteria for selection should invariably be 'excellence plus' and the highest standards should he applied while recommending persons for these awards. The works of

the  person must be provide  public service in the achievements of the person recommended liar the award would he a desirable factor.

2. Efforts may he made to identify talented persons horn amongst the weaker section of the society, like SC’s & ST’s handicapped persons, women, etc., who deserve to

be considered for the award.

3. The decoration is normally not given posthumously. However if the person is highly deserving , Government could consider giving an award posthumously if the demise

of the person proposed to be honored has been recent say within a period of one year preceding the Republic day on which it is proposed to announce the award.

4. A higher category of Padma award can be considered in respect of a person who has earlier been conferred an award provided a period of at least five years has

elapsed.

However in exceptionally deserving cases a relaxation can be considered.

5. Government servants including those working with PSU's except Doctors and Scientist, are not eligible for Padma awards

PADMA VIBHUSHAN                        

Padma Vibhushan, the second highest prestigious civilian award after the prestigious Bharat Ratna was constituted on January 2nd, 1954. The award is conferred strictly

on the basis of the most exceptional and extraordinary contribution in the nation’s honor and prestige without making any discrimination between their religion, sex or

creed. The awardees are announced every year on Republic Day and are registered in The Gazette of India. The recommendations for these awards are done by the state and

the union territory governments’, the Ministries of the government of India and the previous recipients of the Bharat Ratna awardees and the Padma awardees. Till now

the number of Padma Vibhushan awardees is 284 including 5 posthumous and 18 non-citizen recipients. The first recipients of the award were Satyendra Nath Bose, Nand

Lal Bose, Zakir Hussain, Balasaheb Gangadhar Kher, Jigme Dorji Wangchuk, and V. K. Krishna Menon, who were honored in 1954.

THE AWARD:

The recipients of the awards receive a Sanad (certificate) which is signed by the President of India and a medal. There is no monetary grant associated with this

award.  The medal is an elegant circular-shaped toned bronze medallion 1 3/4 inches (44 mm) in diameter and 1/8 inch (3.2 mm) thick. Medal is circular in design with a

geometrical pattern superimposed on the circle. The diameter of the circular portion is 4.4 cm and the thickness is about 0.6 mm. On the obverse there is a lotus

flower embossed in the circular shape. The word ‘Padma’ is embossed in Hindi above and the word ‘Vibhushan’ below the lotus are in burnished bronze. All embossing on

either side of decoration is in ‘White Gold’. The medal is suspended by a pink ribbon 1 1/4 inches (32 mm) in width.       

CRITERIA:

It may be ensured that the persons recommended are pre-eminently worthy and deseving of the awards, looking at their life time achievement. The criteria for selection

should invariably be 'excellence plus' and the highest standards should he applied while recommending persons for these awards. The existence of elements of public

service in the achievements of the person recommended liar the award would he a desirable factor. The nominations are evaluated strictly on the basis of their

contributions and then after a brief process the recipients of these awards are announced through the Gazette of India. These recommendations are submitted before the

Padma Awards Committee, which is constituted by the Prime Minister every year. During recent years the government has asked state government to ensure that the nominee

has excelled in one of the identified fields. Moreover, the nominees from the backward class, handicapped, weaker section and women should also be considered for these

awards. Also the nominees should not have any pending cases or law suits against them and should be cleared as free of charges by the agencies.

It should be noted that in case of any misuse of the awards, the award is confiscated and some legal actions are taken against the offender.

After the prestigious Bharat Ratna and the Padma Vibhushan, the Padma Bhushan is regarded as the third highest civilian award conferred by the Government of India to

its civilians both in terms of prestige and honor. The award was introduced on 2nd January, 1954 and is announced during the auspicious occasion of the Republic Day

and the announcement is published in the Gazette of India. It is awarded by the President of India at the Rashtrapati Bhawan. During the first year of its

incorporation a total of 23 awards were conferred and till 2015, a total of 1230 awards has been awarded by the Government of India.

THE AWARD :

The award consists of Sanad(certificate) signed by the president of India and a medallion. No cash grants are given in this award. The medallion is a circular-shaped

toned bronze medallion 1 3/4 inches (44 mm) in diameter and 1/8 inch (3.2 mm) thick. The centrally placed pattern consists of outer lines of a square of 1 3/16 inches

(30 mm) side embossed with a knob embossed within each of the outer angles of the pattern. A raised circular space of diameter 1 1/16 inches (27 mm) is placed at the

center of the decoration. A centrally located lotus flower is embossed on the obverse side of the medal and the text "Padma" written in Devanagari script is placed

above and the text "Bhushan" is placed below the lotus. The Emblem of India is placed in the center of the reverse side with the national motto of India, "Satyameva

Jayate" (Truth alone triumphs) in Devanagari Script, inscribed on the lower edge. The rim, the edges and all embossing on either side is of standard gold with the text

"Padma Bhushan" of gold gilt. The medal is suspended by a pink riband 1 1/4 inches (32 mm) in width with a broad white stripe in the middle.

CRITERIA :

Padma Bhushan is awarded to the civilians for their services and contributions of high order in various fields including art, music, literature, trade and industries,

services rendered by the government servants but excluding those associated with Public Service Undertakings except doctors and scientists. The nominations are

recommended by the state and union territory governments, previous recipients of Bharat Ratna and Padma awards. These recommendations are submitted before the Padma

Awards Committee, which is constituted by the Prime Minister every year. During recent years the government has asked state government to ensure that the nominee has

excelled in one of the identified fields. Moreover, the nominees from the backward class, handicapped, weaker section and women should also be considered for these

awards. Also the nominees should not have any pending cases or law suits against them and should be cleared as free of charges by the agencies.

It should be noted that in case of any misuse of the awards, the award is confiscated and some legal actions are taken against the offender.

Padma shri is ranked after Padma Vibhushan and Padma Bhushan in terms of honor and prestige. It is the fourth highest civilian award conferred by the Government of

India and is announced every year along with Padma Vibhushan and Padma Bhushan during The Republic Day. Like the other Padma awards these award was also constituted in

2nd January, 1954 and is conferred to individuals with distinguished and extra-ordinary contributions in various field of activities including art, Education,

Literature, Industry, Science, Sports, Medicine, Social Science and Public Affairs. The award is conferred not only to the citizen of India but also to citizen of

other country as well on the basis of their contribution towards India in any ways.

THE AWARD :

The award consists of a sanad(certificate) signed by the President of India and a medallion. There is no cash grant associated with the award. The medal has been

subjected to various changes in design since its incorporation. A memorial pamphlet with concise details in respect of each winner is also released on the day of the

inauguration observance. The winners are given also a replica of medallion, which they may wear during any state ceremonial functions. The medal is a round bronze

medal, 1-3/8 inches in span, a print lotus flower in the middle with the legend "Padma Shri" above and a flowery garland beneath. The other side consists of the

National Emblem printed along with the tag of ‘Desh Seva’ or ‘National Service’. In 1957, the design of the medal was altered to be of burnished bronze, with all

decoration in white gold. The medal is balanced by a ring. The other side contains the National Emblem in the center and the initials printed in White Gold.

CRITERIA :

The Padma Shri award is given by the government basically to Indian citizens to recognize or honor their contributions and involvements in various fields or

activities. Like the other Padma awards, the recommendations for this award is given by the state or union territory governments, recipients of the prestigious awards

like Bharat Ratna, Padma Vibhushan and Padma Bhushan. The nominated candidate has to provide all the information and materials that duly shows all the contributions

and the entire details of his works in the concerned field. The nominees are then judged by the award committee and the selected candidates for the awards are

announced in the Republic Day.

As the name suggests, this award is instituted in recognition for the extra-ordinary contributions made by the teachers working in primary, middle and secondary

schools in India. It was started to recognize the dedicated service of teachers who were actively engaged in developing country’s education foundation.

The award is given by the President of India every year on 5th September since its incorporation in the year 1958.  Each state/Union territory of India gives this

award to the deserving teachers and a quota for the number of awards is fixed depending upon the total number of teachers in the region. The awards covers the teachers

of the schools affiliated to Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) including teachers of independent affiliated schools situated abroad, Council for Indian

School Certificate Examination (CISCE), Sainik School, Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan (KVS), Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti (NVS), Central Tibetan School Administration

(CTSA) and schools run by the Atomic Energy Education Society. There are about 374 awards in this category which includes the 20 awards reserved for Sanskrit, Persian

and Arabic teachers.

THE AWARD:

The award is given on 5th September on the occasion of Teachers day by the President of India. The award consists of a medal and a certificate signed by the President.

Along with the certificate and a medal there is also a cash grant of INR 25000.

CRITERIA:  

A state level Selection committee is responsible for the selection of the deserving candidates and thereby a list of nominees is recommended by them is forwarded to

the Central Government by the State Government / Organizations in order of merit. The government of India makes the final selection from the lists on the basis of

their contributions and work.

Like the National awards to teachers for the teachers at school levels, Inspired Teacher Award is instituted to recognize the excellent and meritorious teachers and

professors at the University-level.  The award was started in the year 2015 by the President of India to honor the top performing faculties at the Central Universities

and to inspire them to participate to give suggestions in various educational policy of the country.

THE AWARD :

The selected teachers are given a certificate along with some valuable Presidential Gifts as part of the Inspired Teacher Recognition. The selected teachers are also

invited to participate in an ‘In-Residence’ programme at Rashtrapati Bhavan with the President of India.

CRITERIA :

The President said that an Inspired Teacher is a value-oriented, mission-driven, self-motivated and result-oriented individual who works towards impacting the

environment in a positive manner through his own actions as well as by imparting knowledge amongst students to help them achieve their potential. An Inspired Teacher

links the individual goals of the students to the societal and national goals. The teachers are nominated by their universities and the list is then provided to

government. The government of India then awards the meritorious teachers based on various parameters such as Students feedbacks, past records, achievements etc.

Param Vir Chakra is the highest military honor award in India and is given in honor of the self-sacrifice and highest degree of valour shown in the presence of the

enemy forces or in combat. It was introduced on 26th January. The literary meaning of ‘Param Vir Chakra’ means ‘Wheel (Cross) of the ultimate brave’. In sanskri the

word ‘Param’ means ultimate and ‘Vir’ means brave and ‘chakra’ means wheel. It is equivalent to the Medal of Honor in the United States and theVictoria Cross in the

United Kingdom. The award is open to all the branches of Indian military. One amongst the luminous recipients of this honour was Flying Officer Nirmal Jiit Singh

Sekhon, who was awarded the Param Vir Chakra posthumously in the year 1971. He is the lone Indian Air Force officer to have been honoured with the Param Vir Chakra

till date.

THE AWARD:

 The medal was designed by Savitri Khanolkar (born Eva Yuonne Linda Maday-de-Maros to a Hungarian father and Russian mother) who was married to an Indian Army officer,

Vikram Khanolkar of Sikh Regiment. The first Param Vir Chakra was awarded to her son-in-law Lt Gen Surinder Nath Sharma's (ENC) elder brother, Major Somnath Sharma for

his bravery in the Kashmir operations in November 1947. The medal is a circular in shape ,bronze disc 1.375 inches (3.49 cm) in diameter. The state emblem embossed in

the center, on a raised circle and is surrounded by the four replicas of Vajra, the all-powerful mythic weapon of Indra, the ancient Vedic King of Gods. The motif

symbolizes the sacrifice Rishi Dadhichi, according to indian mythology he was the one who had donated his bones to the Gods for making Vajra to kill demon Vritra. The

Indian General Service Medal 1947 which contained the Bhavani sword was withdrawn later. The decoration is suspended from a straight swiveling suspension bar. It is

named on the edge. On the rear, around a plain center, are two legends separated by lotus flowers. The words Param Vir Chakra are written in Hindi and English on the

medal and  A purple ribbon, 32 millimetres (1.3 in) long, holds the Param Vir Chakra.

CRITERIA:

Officers, men and women of all ranks of the Army, the Navy and the Air Force, of any of the Reserve Forces, of the Territorial Army Militia and of any other lawfully

constituted Armed Forces. Matrons, Sisters, Nurses and the staff of the Nursing Services and other Service pertaining to Hospitals and Nursing, and Civilians of either

sex serving regularly or temporarily under the orders, directions or supervision of any of the above-mentioned Forces.

The award also carries a sum of money  for those under the rank of lieutenant (or the appropriate service equivalent) and, in some cases, a cash award Even On the

death of the recipient, the pension is transferred to the widow until her death or remarriage. The  amount of the pension has been a rather controversial issue

throughout the life of the decoration. The stipend stood at Rs. 10,000 per month in August 2014. In addition, many states have established an individual pension reward

that far exceeds the central government's stipend for the recipients of the decoration.

Officer Nirmal Jit Singh Sekhon, who was awarded the Param Vir Chakra posthumously in 1971 was only Indian Air Force officer to date have been honoured with the Param

Vir Chakra. Naib Subedar Sanjay Kumar and SubedarYogendra Singh Yadav are the only active duty PVC recipients in the Indian Army.

MAHA VIR CHAKRA

                  

The Maha Vir Chakra (Maha Vir  means "great warrior") is the second highest military decoration in India, after the Param Vir Chakra, and is awarded for acts of

conspicuous gallantry in the presence of the enemy, whether on land, at sea or in the air. It replaced the British Distinguished Service Order (DSO). The medal may be

awarded posthumously.

THE AWARD:

The medal is made of standard silver and is circular in shape. Embossed on the obverse is a five pointed heraldic star with circular center-piece bearing the gilded

state emblem of India in the center. The words "Mahavira Chakra" are embossed in Devanagari and English on the reverse with two lotus flowers in the middle. The

decoration is worn on the left chest with a half-white and half-orange riband about 3.2 cm in width, the orange being near the left shoulder.

Vir chakra is one of the prestigious awards given for the acts of bravery performed in the battlefield. It comes third after param Vir Chakra and Maha Vir Chakra. The

award was started on 26th January 1950.

THE AWARD:

The medal is 1-3/8 inch circular silver medal. The center has a five pointed star with a chakra in the center and on that there is the state emblem on it. The

decoration is almost always named and dated on the edge. At the plain center there are two legends separated by lotus flowers and on the above Vir Chakra is printed in

Hindi and in English. The ribbon is 32 mm, half dark blue and half orange-saffron. Dark blue 16 mm, saffron 16 mm.[3]

The award carries with it a cash allowance and, in some cases, a lump sum cash award. This has been a rather controversial issue throughout the life of the decoration.

From 1 February 1999, the central government set a monthly stipend of Rs. 850 for recipients of the award. In addition, many states have established individual pension

rewards for the recipients of the decoration.

Ashok Chakra is the highest peace time military award awarded for valor, courageous action or self-sacrifice away from the battlefield. The medal was originally

established on 4 January 1952 as the "Ashoka Chakra, Class I" as the first step of a three-class sequence of non-combatant bravery decorations. In 1967, these

decorations were removed from the "class-based" system and renamed as the Ashoka Chakra, Kirti Chakra, and Shaurya Chakra.If a recipient of the Chakra Shall again

perform such an act of gallantry as would have made him or her eligible to receive the Chakra, such further act of gallantry shall be recognized by a Bar to be

attached to the riband by which the Chakra is suspended and, for every subsequent act of gallantry, and additional Bar shall be added and every such Bar, a replica of

the chakra in miniature shall be added to the riband when worn alone.

CRITERIA:

Awarded for most conspicuous bravery, or some act of daring or pre-eminent act of valour or self-sacrifice otherwise than in the face of the enemy. The decoration may

be awarded posthumously.

If a recipient of the Chakra Shall again perform such an act of gallantry as would have made him or her eligible to receive the Chakra, such further act of gallantry

shall be recognized by a Bar to be attached to the riband by which the Chakra is suspended and, for every subsequent act of gallantry, and additional Bar shall be

added and every such Bar, a replica of the chakra in miniature shall be added to the riband when worn alone.

Officers, men and women of all ranks of the Army, the Navy and the Air Force, of any of the Reserve Forces, of the Territorial Army, Militia and of any other lawfully

constituted forces. Members of the Nursing Services of the Armed Forces.

Civilian citizens of either sex in all walks of life, other than members of Police Forces and of recognized Fire Services.

The Kirti Chakra is one of the most prestigious military decorations awarded for valour, courageous action or self-sacrifice away from the field of battle. It may be

awarded to civilians as well as military personnel, including posthumous awards. It is the peacetime equivalent of the Maha Vir Chakra. The award was established as

the Ashoka Chakra class II and later was classified separately as the Kirtu Chakra from the year 1967.

THE AWARD:

The medal is made of standard silver and is circular in shape. It is one and three-eight in diameter. On the front side there is a rreplica of The Ashoka Chakra which

is surrounded by a lotus wreath. On the back side, words Kirti Chakra is embossed both in Hindi and in English. The medal is suspended by a dark green ribbon which is

divided into three equal parts by two orange vertical lines.

If a recipient of the Chakra again performs such acts of bravery making him eligible for the award, a Bar will be attached to the riband by which the Chakra is

suspended and there by for every such acts of bravery an additional bar will be attached. These bar or bars may also be awarded posthumously. For every such Bar, a

replica of the Chakra in miniature shall be added to the riband when worn alone.

CRITERIA:

The only eligibility criterion for this award is an act of gallantry performed in the face of enemy. The award is given for acts of valour, courageous action or self-

sacrifice in the field of battle.

The following categories of personnel shall be eligible for the medal:-

• Officers, men and women of all ranks of the Army, the Navy and the Air Force, of any of the Reserve Forces, of the Territorial Army, Militia and of any other

lawfully constituted Armed Forces.

• Members of the Nursing Services of the Armed Forces.

• Civilian citizens of either sex in all walks of life and members of Police Forces including Central Para-Military Forces and Railway Protection Force.

Conditions of Eligibility: The medal is awarded for conspicuous gallantry otherwise than in the face of the enemy. The decoration may be awarded posthumously. Monetary

Allowance Rs. 1050/- pm and each bar to the decoration will carry the same amount of monetary allowance as admissible to the original award with effect from

01.02.1999.

The Shaurya Chakra is an Indian military decoration awarded for valour, courageous action or self-sacrifice while not engaged in direct action with the enemy. It may

be awarded to civilians as well as military personnel, sometimes posthumously. It is the peacetime equivalent of the Vir Chakra. It is generally awarded for Counter-

Insurgency operations and actions against the enemy during peace-time. It is third in order of precedence of peacetime gallantry awards and comes after the Ashoka

Chakra and the Kirti Chakra. It precedes the Sena Medal. Before 1967, the award was known as the “Ashoka Chakra, Class III”.  Since July, 1999, it also given to

civilians of either sex in all walks of life, other than members of Police Forces and of recognized Fire Services. From 1 February 1999, the central government set a

monthly stipend of Rs 750 for recipients of the award. Established as the "Ashoka Chakra, Class III" by the President of India in 4 January 1952 (with effect from 15

August 1947), the statutes were revised and the decoration renamed on 27 January 1967.

THE AWARD:

The medal is circular in shape and is made of standard bronze and is one and three-eight inches in diameter. In the center there is the replica of Ashoka Chakra which

is surrounded by a lotus wreath and with an orange edge. It is suspended by a straight bar suspender and is named on the edge. For pre-1967 awards, the reverse of the

medal is blank in the centre, with "Ashoka Chakra" in Hindi along the upper edge on the medal and the same name in English along the lower rim. On either side is a

lotus design. The centre is blank. For post-1967 awards, the, names are changed to "Shaurya Chakra" in Hindi above and in English below. The ribbon is 30 mm wide, dark

green with three 2 mm orange stripes dividing the dark green base into three equal 6mm strips.

CRITERIA:

This award is given for the amazing acts of gallantry performed in the field of battle. Officers and men and women of the Army, the Navy and the Air Force, of any of

the Reserve Forces, of the Territorial Army, Militia, and of any other lawfully constituted Armed Forces. Members of the Nursing Services of the Armed Forces.

Civilians of either sex in all walks of life, other than members of Police Forces and of recognized Fire Services.

The Sena Medal is one of the military awards given to members of Indian army of all ranks. This award is given for the exceptional courage and devotion shown towards

their duty and services in the army. It can also be given posthumously. The medal or award was established on 17th june, 1960 by the President of India.

THE AWARD:

The award consists of a circular medal made of standard silver. On the obverse side a bayonet can be seen pointed upwars. On the reverse side a replica of a soilder

standing is embossed along with the legend “Sena Medal” in hindi above it. The medal is also often dated on the edge as well. The mounting of the medal has a fixed

ring attached to a metal stripe 3mm wide which is ornamented with Ashoka Leaves. The medal is suspended by a red color ribbon with a thin silver grey stripe down the

centre. From 1 February 1999, the central government started a monthly stipend of Rs. 250 for recipients of the award when it is awarded for bravery. It has since been

revised to Rs. 1000.

Nao Sena Medal is one of the military awards or decorations given to the service men in the Indian Navy. This award was established by the President of India on 17th

June, 1960. This is awarded for exceptional devotion shown towards one duties and responsibilities and courage shown in their course of actions. All the members of

Indian Navy are eligible for this award.

THE AWARD:

The medal is petangular in shape and is made of standar silver. The mounting has a fixed ring attached to a metal stripe 3mm wide ornamented with Ashoka Leaves. The

medal is a 35-mm circular silver medal with the naval crest (a naval crown) on the obverse. On the reverse side there is a replica of crossed anchors partially

surrounded by a chain cable an above that the words ‘Nao Sena Medal’ written in Hindi.

The Vayusena medal is an Indian military decoration which is usually awarded in peace time for an exceptional performance in their duties and responsibilities. The

Vayusena medal was established by the President of India on 17th June, 1960. This award can be awarded posthumously. If a previous winner of the medal is again awarded

this medal than a bar is added to the medal. All the members of Indian Air Force are eligible for this award.

THE AWARD:

The medal is a four armed star made of silver with the points shaped like lotus blooms. There is a replica of the national emblem at the center which is encircles by a

garland of leaves. On the reverse side there is a replica of Himalayan Edge with the inscription embossed below it. The medal is suspended by a 32mm ribbon in width in

alternate stripes of saffron and silver grey, each 3mm in width running diagonally from right to left.

Sarvottam Yudh Seva Medal is of the highest Wartime Distinguished Service decoration. It is awarded for the highest degree of distinguished services performed during

an operation. "Operation context" include times of war, conflict, or hostilities. The award is a wartime equivalent of the Param Vishisht Seva Medal, which is the

highest Peacetime Distinguished Service decoration of the country. Sarvottam Yudh Seva Medal may be awarded posthumously.

THE AWARD:

The medal is circular in shape and is 35mm in diameter. The medal is made of gold gilt. On its obverse side there is a replica of the State Emblem and the inscription

written in Hindi and English. On the reverse side there is five pointed star printed on it. The ribbon is golden in color with one vertical red stripe dividing it into

two equal parts. If a recipient of the medal is subsequently awarded the medal again, every such further award is recognized by a Bar  attached to the riband by which

the medal is suspended. For every such Bar, a miniature insignia of a pattern approved by the Government is added to the riband when worn alone.

CRITERIA:

The medal is awarded for distinguished service of the most exceptional order during war/conflict/hostilities. All ranks of the Army, the Navy and the Air Force

including those of Territorial Army Units, Auxiliary and Reserve Forces and other lawfully constituted Armed Forces when embodied are eligible for the medal. Nursing

Officers and other members of the Nursing Services in the Armed Forces are also eligible for the medal.

Uttam Yudh Seva Medal (UYSM) is one of the important military decorations for Wartime Distinguished Service. It is awarded for a high degree of distinguished services

in an operational context. "Operational context" includes times of war, conflict, or hostilities. The award is a wartime equivalent of Ati Vishisht Seva Medal, which

is a Peacetime Distinguished Service decoration. Uttam Yudh Seva Medal may be awarded posthumously.

THE AWARD:

The medal is circular in shape with 35mm in diameter and fitted to a plain horizontal bar with standard fittings. The medal is made of gold gilt. On the obverse side

there is a replica of State emblem and the inscriptions in Hindi and English. On its reverse, there is a five pointed star. The medal is suspended by a Gold colour

ribbon with two red vertical stripes dividing it into three equal parts.

f a recipient of the medal is subsequently awarded the medal again, every such further award is recognized by a Bar which is attached to the riband by which the medal

is suspended. For every such Bar, a miniature insignia of a pattern approved by the Government is added to the riband when worn alone.

CRITERIA:

The medal is awarded for distinguished service of an exceptional order during war/conflict/hostilities. All ranks of the Army, the Navy and the Air Force including

those of Territorial Army Units, Auxiliary and Reserve Forces and other lawfully constituted Armed forces when embodied are eligible for the award. Nursing Officers

and other members of the Nursing Services in the Armed Forces are also eligible for the medal.

The Yudh Seva Medal is one of the most important military decorations of India for distinguished service during wartime. It is awarded for a high degree of

distinguished service in an operational context, which includes times of war, conflict, or hostilities. The award is the wartime equivalent of the Vishisht Seva Medal,

which is a peacetime distinguished service decoration. The Yudh Seva medal may be awarded posthumously.

THE MEDAL:

The medal is circular in shape with 35mm in diameter and fitted to a plain horizontal bar with standard fittings. The medal is made of gold gilt. On the obverse side

there is a replica of State emblem and the inscriptions in Hindi and English. On its reverse, there is a five pointed star. The medal is suspended by a Gold colour

ribbon with two red vertical stripes dividing it into three equal parts.

If a recipient of the medal is subsequently awarded the medal again, every such further award is recognized by a Bar which is attached to the riband by which the medal

is suspended. For every such Bar, a miniature insignia of a pattern approved by the Government is added to the riband when worn alone.

CRITERIA:

The medal is awarded for distinguished service of an exceptional order during war/conflict/hostilities. All ranks of the Army, the Navy and the Air Force including

those of Territorial Army Units, Auxiliary and Reserve Forces and other lawfully constituted Armed forces when embodied are eligible for the award. Nursing Officers

and other members of the Nursing Services in the Armed Forces are also eligible for the medal.

Param Vishisht Seva Medal (PVSM) is one of the most important military awards of India. The award was constituted in the year 1960. It is awarded in recognition to

peace-time service of the most exceptional order.

THE AWARD:

The medal is circular in shape with 35mm in diameter and fitted to a plain horizontal bar with standard fittings. The medal is made of gold gilt. On the reverse side

there is a replica of State emblem and the inscriptions in Hindi and English. On its obverse, there is a five pointed star. The medal is suspended by a Gold colour

ribbon with one blue vertical stripe dividing it into two equal parts.

f a recipient of the medal is subsequently awarded the medal again, every such further award is recognized by a Bar which is attached to the riband by which the medal

is suspended. For every such Bar, a miniature insignia of a pattern approved by the Government is added to the riband when worn alone.

CRITERIA:

The medal is awarded for distinguished service of an exceptional order. All ranks of the Armed Forces including Territorial Army Units, Auxiliary and Reserve Forces

(when embodied) and other lawfully constituted Armed Forces are eligible for the award. Nursing officers and other members of the Nursing Services in the Armed Forces

are also eligible for the award.

Ati Vishisht Seva Medal (AVSM) is a military award of India given to recognize "distinguished service of an exceptional order" to all ranks of the armed forces. The

award can also be granted posthumously.

THE AWARD:

The medal is circular in shape with 35mm in diameter and fitted to a plain horizontal bar with standard fittings. The medal is made of gold gilt. On the reverse side

there is a replica of State emblem and the inscriptions in Hindi and English. On its obverse, there is a five pointed star. The medal is suspended by a Gold colour

ribbon with two dark blue stripes dividing it into three equal parts.

f a recipient of the medal is subsequently awarded the medal again, every such further award is recognized by a Bar which is attached to the riband by which the medal

is suspended. For every such Bar, a miniature insignia of a pattern approved by the Government is added to the riband when worn alone.

CRITERIA:

The medal is awarded for distinguished service of an exceptional order. All ranks of the Armed Forces including Territorial Army Units, Auxiliary and Reserve Forces

(when embodied) and other lawfully constituted Armed Forces are eligible for the award. Nursing officers and other members of the Nursing Services in the Armed Forces

are also eligible for the award.

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