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  • Subject area(s): Engineering
  • Price: Free download
  • Published on: 7th September 2019
  • File format: Text
  • Number of pages: 2

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Abstarct

The aim of this study is to investigate how gender has a role in driving.This topic is a most common discussion in Turkey and there is no definite result so we want to analyze this idea further.We believe that women drivers are less careful then men drivers in Turkey.This investigation will help goverment to educate drivers and give better education to driver applicants.

                                                   Introduction

   Traffic accidents kill people from all age groups,young-aged people are overpresented in accident involvment virtually in the country and the majority of these drivers are young men(Blackey&Hartley,1995;Doherty,Andrey &MacGregor,1998) young male drivers are also more prone to take risk(Deery,1999).So the goverment need to educate driver applicants better and goverment need to give better information to drivers espacially young drivers.

   We want to talk about driving education because in the traffic there are so many illiterate drivers exist and our aim is investigate how this education system works and what is this system wrongs. We want ask that question: Why driving education make a difference between genders?Our hyphothesis is,if we change the driving education system for genders to better understanding,accident rate will decrease.

Literature Review

First, a study by University of Michigan investigate 6.5 million car crashes in the United State between 1998 and 2007.According to the study,female drivers were found to be involved in 68.1 percent of all crashes.This analyze show some percentages above 9 years so we can take benefit to our study.

Another study from Statisticbrain analyzed men vs woman reckless driving,DUI,seatbelt violations,speed,failure to yield,stop sign/signal violation statics, men vs woman fatal car crash statics by age.We can understand genders violation and crashes per 100 million miles traveled ratio by gender.We can use this detailed information for detailed comparisons.

Research from Bloomberg women had higher rates of non-wound accidents than men for every age group over 25. A more recent study revealed that women were more likely to be struck while making turns at an intersection.

The difference is the relative severity of the type of accidents men and women have. Men are more prone to speed, drive aggressively, and operate under the impose, according to national transportation data. They also log more miles. In 2012, the most recent year available, 71 percent of the drivers killed on American roads were men.According to this research we can understand there is no definite result of which gender has more accident rate than other gender.This study show that there is no certain answer for which gender is making more crashes so we need to keep investigate.

A study by Türker Özkan and Timo Lajunen said that two-hundred and seventeen young Turkish drivers (131 males and 86 females) filled in a form including the short form of Bem Sex Role Inventory (BSRI), the Driver Skill Inventory (DSI), and questions about accident history and background information. The effects of sex and gender roles were tested on outcome variables by using Poisson, negative binomial, and hierarchical regression analyses. It was found that sex (being male) predicted the number of total, active, and passive accidents, and perceptual-motor skills. While masculinity score predicted positively the perceptual-motor skills, femininity score predicted positively the safety skills. No significant interaction effects between sex and gender roles on criterion variables were found.This study give idea for our abstract and introduction.

Study from  Kansas University analyzed data collected and consist the state transportation department's crash database, which involve more than 150 variables about all police-reported motor vehicle crashes in Kansas. They looked at data from 2007-2011 for accidents involving drivers 16-24 years old.From this report female drives more likely to obey rules;they wear seatbelt 66 percent higher than males,28 percent more than young males about driving restricted license,female drivers had more crashes at intersections and collisions with pedestrians..From this study we can understand female drivers obey rule more than male drivers but being careful not same as obeying rules.

                                           Methods

Participants

Data in this study will be collected from 40 undergraduated students(23 male,17 female) from Engineering Department of UTAA(University of Turkish Aeoranautical Associat ion in Ankara. Participants will have driving license.

Insturments

Survey and experiment technique will used to taking information about driving. Questions will be about predicting before driving, history about their driving and we will make experiment for their driving skill and taking care of traffic rules. In survey question there will be multiple choice to answer so we will estimate statics for their answer. In the experiment there will be some observers to score participants for their driving.

Procedure

For survey, every participant will do this survey individually and in the silent place for right results. For experiment, every participant will attend with 2 observer for experiment. One observer will sit front seat, other one will sit back seat to score better and they will keep  their eyes to participant for participants mood change, their moves depending on situation.

Results

Most of the male participants will keep calm and they will be better at reflexes for unexpected  situation like accident. We think most of the female participants won’t keep calm and they will behave involuntary movement. This result will give clue about male drivers will have low percentage than female drivers in accident statics.

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