Critique of Former Schilling Air Force Base Site Safety Plan
Checklist and Critique
Section Checklist/Criteria for an Ideal Health and Safety Plan Remarks and Critique of Former Schilling Air Force Base Health and Safety Plan
Site Description and Site Map The site is described in line with the following:
• Work zones
• Security perimeter
• Location of hazards
• Contamination map
• Assembly point
• Evacuation routes
• Places of refuge
• Direction of North
A rough site map identifying the information listed above is drawn and provided. Primary contaminants at Former Schilling Air Force Base are listed but their locations within the site are not indicated.
The direction of North is provided but safety points within the site have not been identified in a map.
A map of the direction from the Former Schilling Air Force Base to hospital is provided.
The contractor should have also provided a site map to guide emergency teams and facilitate the implementation of emergency procedures in case of emergencies.
Site Safety Plan An elaborate site safety plan is provided.
The site safety plan includes information on the following:
• Name of the safety officer
• Site accessibility
• Potential hazards/injuries and health effects
• Exposure routes and controls The safety plan stipulates the roles of the safety officer and other safety personnel in the implementation of safety measures and controls within Former Schilling Air Force Base (Burns & McDonnell Engineering Company, 2006).
Information on accessibility and haul road plan is provided to guide the activities of emergency teams.
Possible health hazards and respective controls are stipulated within the safety plan
The safety plan is aligned with Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response (HAZWOPER) regulations on safety inspections, audits and controls (U.S. Coast Guard, 2006).
Health Risk Analysis All possible health risks are critically analyzed, including the following:
• Chemical exposure
• Explosion and fire
• Biological hazards
• Physical hazards
Control measures for the above health risks are recommended Potential health risks/exposures are identified within the Former Schilling Air Force Base health and safety plan.
The health risk analysis section presents reliable safety guidelines, procedures and controls for all possible health hazards.
The health and safety plan does not discuss the routes of exposure in relation to different health hazards. However, its guidelines are effective in mitigating potential injuries or health effects. An effective health and safety plan should provide guidelines for minimizing, isolating or eliminating all potential health hazards (Winnett, 2015).
Exposure Monitoring Plan A plan for monitoring exposure to specific health risks is provided, including the following:
• Monitoring methodology
• Hazards to monitor
• Reasons to monitor
• Monitoring duration A monitoring protocol for all health hazards is provided in the safety plan.
Even though the monitoring duration is not specified within the plan, monitoring methods, equipment and procedures are comprehensively described.
Personal Protective Equipment Personal protective equipment for specific health hazards is listed.
Procedures for the inspection of each set of personal protective equipment are provided.
The limitations of each set of personal protective equipment are given and relevant precautions recommended. The health and safety plan provides for the implementation of evidence-based personal protective procedures and suitable protective equipment.
Title 29 Code of Federal Regulations stipulates a list of personal protective equipment to be used in the implementation of emergency programs (U.S. Coast Guard, 2006).
The Former Schilling Air Force Base health and safety plan is credible because its content was informed by the Code of Federal Regulations in recommending personal protective equipment for each health hazard.
Air Monitoring Log Forms for documenting data on air monitoring for specific health hazards are provided
Provisions for documenting air monitoring data are given, including the following:
• Persons monitoring
• Monitoring instruments
• Time of reading
• Comments The health and safety plan stipulates procedures for documenting and evaluating air monitoring programs.
An effective health and safety monitoring program should provide specific guidelines to aid decision making processes on the implementation of appropriate air safety monitoring procedures (U.S. Coast Guard, 2006).
Former Schilling Air Force Base health and safety plan is effective because it provides justifications for the recommended air monitoring procedures and documentation requirements.
Decontamination Procedures Decontamination equipment for each health hazard is specified.
Decontamination steps are listed.
Provisions for documenting the time of decontamination and persons involved are provided. The health and safety plan provides specific guidelines on preventing contamination, methods, equipment and procedures of decontamination. This makes it effective in influencing good health and safety practices. However, the plan does not contain diagrams illustrating the implementation of various decontamination procedures. These diagrams are important because they make the decontamination process easy to follow (Winnett, 2015).
Emergency Response Plan A comprehensive emergency response plan is given.
The emergency response plan includes:
• Emergency signals and alarms
• Emergency notification procedures
• Places of refuge
• Emergency protective equipment requirements
• Emergency evacuation steps The emergency response plan within the Former Schilling Air Force Base health and safety plan is aligned with HAZWOPER compliance requirements. This is because it provides for emergency notification procedures, evacuation steps and protective equipment to be used in emergency situations.
Communication Plan Health hazard communication guidelines are provided, including:
• Container labeling
• List of hazardous compounds
• Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)
Training programs and strategies on emergency communication are recommended.
Communication procedures among members of emergency teams are specified. A communication plan is an important element of health and safety programs because it allows emergency teams to coordinate their activities and to minimize the health effects of exposure to various health hazards (U.S Department of Health and Human Services, 1985). The presence of a communication plan within Former Schilling Air Force health and safety plan makes it a reliable guideline for the management of emergency situations.
Training on emergency communication is recommended within the health and safety plan because it equips workers and emergency teams with relevant skills and knowledge on managing emergency situations and minimizing health effects (Winnett, 2015).
Table 1: Checklist of an Ideal Health and Safety Plan
Burns & McDonnell Engineering Company is recommended for the implementation of a new health and safety project for Former Schilling Air Force Base. The company is recommended because the health and safety plan that it designed is credible, reliable and feasible in the management of emergency situations within the air force base. This is because company’s safety plan is aligned with HAZWOPER compliance requirements on the design and implementation of a safety plan for an organization. The health and safety plan is also comprehensive and applicable in emergency management practice because it stipulates specific methods, measures, equipment requirements and procedures for the management of a wide range of health hazards. However, the company should be required to make a few improvements in the design of a health and safety plan. For instance, the company should ensure that it provides a site map to guide emergency operations and recommend route-specific hazard prevention strategies.
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