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'Reuse of domestic wastewater ' At ITM campus'

BY

Divyakumar Sheth (130950106097)

    Ayush Soni ( 130950106104)

   Deep Soni (130950106105)

GUIDED BY

Dr. Komal P. Mehta

H.O.D.

    Civil Department

A REPORT SUBMITTED TO

GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY

IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQURIMENTS

FOR THE DEGREE OF

BACHELOROF ENGINEERING

IN

 CIVIL ENGINEERING

November' 2016

CIVIL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY & MANAGEMENT

VADODARA- 391510

  DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING

INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY & MANAGEMENT UNIVERSE

VADODARA

Certificate

This is    to    certify    that    research    work    embodied    in    this    report    entitled

'REUSE Of Domestic Waste Water 'A Case Study At ITM Universe' was carried out by Divyakumar Sheth, Ayush Soni, Deep Soni at ITM Universe, Vadodara for partial fulfillment of

BACHELOR OF ENGINEERING, degree to be awarded by Gujarat Technological University. This research work was carried out under my supervision and is to my satisfaction.

Date:

Guide: Dr. Komal P. Mehta

H.O.D (Civil)

Signature: _________________

PROJECT APPROVAL CERTIFICATE

This is to certify that the project entitled 'REUSE Of Domestic Waste Water 'A Case Study At ITM Universe' is a benefited report of the work carried out by (1Divyakumar Sheth (130950106097) (2)

Ayush Soni (130950106104) (3)Deep Soni(130950106105)  project in Semester VII under the guidance and supervision of Dr. Komal Mehta  for the partial fulfillment of award of the Degree of Bachelor of Mechanical Engineering at Institute of Technology & Management Universe, Paldi, Vadodara, Gujarat.

To the best of my knowledge and belief, this work embodies the work of candidate themselves, have duly completed, fulfill the requirement of the ordinance relating to the Bachelor Degree awarded by Gujarat Technological University and is up to the standard in respect of content, presentation and language for being referred to the Examiner.

Internal Guide: Dr. Komal P. Mehta

External Examiner:

iii

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

The completion of this project phase would not have taken place without the contribution of

many key people. The progress of the project was supervised Dr. Komal P.Mehta from

Civil Engineering Department of Institute of Technology and Management Universe,

Vadodara . Their guidance, advice and wisdom throughout this work are also greatly appreciated.

Finally  special  thanks  to  my  family  and  colleagues  who  provided  constant  support  and

encouragement during this work;

I will always be indebted.

   

Divyakumar Sheth (130950106097)

    Ayush Soni ( 130950106104)

   Deep Soni (130950106105)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

' Title page

' Certificate GTU

' Project approval certificate

' Acknowledgement

' Problem Summary (What exact problem are you trying to solve?) and Introduction,

' Aim and objectives of the project

' Problem Specifications

' Brief literature review.

' Plan of their work

' Materials / Tools required.

' Design: Analysis, Design Methodology and Implementation Strategy

' AEIOU Summary sheet

' Ideation canvas

' Empathy mapping

' Product development sheet

' Progress made

' Result discussion

' Advantages of work

' Scope of future work

' References

Introduction (Problem summary)

As we know that the usage of water has been exponentially increased, due to increase in population, consumption of water wastage of water due to leakage etc.

The use of water is so increased that the supply of water is very less the water required. So the scarcity is increasing the situation of drought is occurring in every part of the country and world especially in arid and semi-arid regions

So to overcome the situation of scarcity9lack0 of water the reuse of water is an alternative. So the waste water generated can be recycled treated and make it again the usable water by removal of germs, chemical, waste etc. from it.

From the recycle and treatment of waste water generated at the ITM campus and utilize the water again and again in flushing, gardening ,washing, cleaning etc purposes for a step towards a eco-friendly and greener future.

 Aim and objective of the project

For the treatment of waste water a setup of treatment plant is to be constructed so for the construction of  plant the component need for the setup, the design of plant and all the required .

Literature Review

' Wastewater recycling ,modern and traditional approaches are being employed to enhance water supply efficiency. Wastewater recycling is one of the approach among some of the strategy that will serve as an essential water resource management strategy for environmental and economic reason.

' Adoption of advanced modern recycling technologies for wastewater will help us to achieve maximum results.

' Characteristics of wastewater have become more extensive and as the techniques for analysing specific constituents, and their potential health and environmental effects have become more comprehensive, the body of scientific knowledge and has expanded significantly.

' So water recycling has additionally proven as an excellent and efficient way of creating reliable and additional supply of water.

' Wastewater in agriculture is becoming more important, due to increasing water scarcity in dry climate regions of the world. Standards for wastewater reuse in many countries have been influenced by the WHO.

' Crop restriction is practiced in conjunction with wastewater treatment so that lower quality effluents can be used to irrigate non-vegetable crops.

' CEPT (Common Effluent Treatment Plant) is a technology, for the reduction of cost of treatment for the protection of environment, by the recycling of wastewater where the space is lacking.

' Conventional wastewater treatment, technologies improve the quality of waste water discharged into the environment and restrain polluted waters from contaminating other available clean water resources. But these technologies don't make wastewater fit for further use.

' So innovative and advanced technologies, they can make wastewater further improved and fit for drinking.

 Design canvas

STAKEHOLDERS:

Stakeholders are the persons who's appearance is the main in the project work without them the project is not getting forward.

In our project work our main stakeholders are:

(1) ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEER: Environmental Engineer is the main person who give the guidance about how to treat the domestic wastewater and give the design the treatment plant and it's all depends on values of B.O.D., C.O.D., Ph, Alkalinity, Acidity etc. of the waste-water.

(2) LAB TECHNICIAN:  lab technician is calculating the values of B.O.D., C.O.D., Ph, Alkalinity, Acidity etc. of the waste-water.

(3) BIOLOGIST: the treated waste-water is generally used in gardening and washing cars, cycles, clothes ect. So, he gives the information about what is the actual quality of water used in gardening and washing.

(4) PLUMBER: The waste-water of the building is first of all collected in the tanks and then transmitted to the treatment process and then transmitted for the reusing. So in that many types of pipes and other machines are have to be connected. so plumber is a person who construct the plan of the transmission line of the building.

ACTIVITIES:                

This project is based on reusing of domestic waste-water. So in that many types of activities are have to be do like

(1) TESTING OF WASTE-WATER SAMPLE : in this activity we have to do different types of experiments on wastewater sample to collect the data of B.O.D., C.O.d. ect. For the treatment purpose.

(2) COLLECTION OF WASTE-WATER: in this activity we have to collect the sample of domestic wastewater for the treatment and test purpose.

(3) PLUMBING ACTIVITIES: in this activity different types of plumbing connections are have to be do.

(4) INTERACTION: On the site different types of problems are to be there which are generally known by us from the interaction with the people that what are the problems they are facing and all.

(5) OBSERVATION: in this activity we have to just observe that how the waste water is to be recycled in the treatment plant.

(6) TRAVELLING: for the collection of the data of B.O.D., C.O.D., ect. We have to give the waste-water sample to the laboratory.

(7) REPORT MAKING: in the end of the project work we have to make project work report for better understanding and which shows what was the actual work are had to be done in the project by users.

IDEATION CANVAS

PEOPLE:

 In this point we have to discuss which people are to conducted for the project work

(1) LAB TECHNICIAN: teb technician is must for the collection of the data of waste-water. The data are to be obtained by doing lab work.

(2) SWEEPER: in the project work the dust and many wastes are to be generated so sweeper is must for the cleaning.

(3) ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEER: for the reusing of waste-water some treatment is must so that environmental engineer is make qualitative property of water so that it can be used .

(4) PLUMBER: plumber is a person who do connections of the pipelines for the transmission of water.

(5) LOCALIST INTERACTION: the area where wastewater is generated very much and that wastewater is to be collected by doing interactins with the localist.

ACTIVITIES:                

(1) TESTING OF WASTE-WATER SAMPLE : in this activity we have to do different types of experiments on wastewater sample to collect the data of B.O.D., C.O.d. ect. For the treatment purpose.

(2) COLLECTION OF WASTE-WATER: in this activity we have to collect the sample of domestic wastewater for the treatment and test purpose.

(3) INTERACTION: On the site different types of problems are to be there which are generally known by us from the interaction with the people that what are the problems they are facing and all.

(4) PLUMBING ACTIVITIES: in this activity different types of plumbing connections are have to be do.

PROPS/POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS:

(1) FILTER: filter is used for removing solide wastes from the waste water.

(2) Waste-water: the project is based on treating of wastewater so wastewater is the first most thing which is to be used for treating it.

(3) FLASK: for doing some tests like alkalinity, acidity, B.O.D., C.O.D. flask is must for the coleection of water.

(4) WATER: the treated waste water is used for the plantations'washing and all so that the quality of treated water is must equal to the normal water. For comparing it normal water is must and normal water and normal water is also used for laboratory work

(5) SAMPLE BOTTLE: for sending waste-water sample to the laboratory sample bottle is must so that we can collect sample in the bottle and give it to the laboratory.

(6) REAGENTS: reagents is the first most thing for performing test in the laboratory without it no test is performed.

 PRODUCT DEVLOPMENT CANVAS

PURPOSE:

PEOPLE:

In this point we have to discuss which people are to conducted for the project work

(1)LAB TECHNICIAN: teb technician is must for the collection of the data of waste-water. The data are to be obtained by doing lab work.

(2)SWEEPER: in the project work the dust and many wastes are to be generated so sweeper is must for the cleaning.

(3)ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEER: for the reusing of waste-water some treatment is must so that environmental engineer is make qualitative property of water so that it can be used .

(4)PLUMBER: plumber is a person who do connections of the pipelines for the transmission of water.

(5)LOCALIST INTERACTION: the area where wastewater is generated very much and that wastewater is to be collected by doing interactions with the localist.

PRODUCT EXPERIENCE:

In our project work we'll develop one product which is very cheap and very easy in work. from that we can optimizing the use of water by using it. From the product we can work efficiently.

Our main aim is reusing the waste-water so for that we develop a product who treat the waste-water and that treated we can use in our daily life!

PRODUCT FUNCTIONS:

(1)COLLECTING WASTE-WATER: our product is reusing of waste-water so for that we have to first collect the waste water in one tank so we have to add collecting tank in our product.

(2)REMOVAL OF WASTE: in the 2nd step we are added one function which is removal of waste in that stage solid wastes are have to be removed so waste become this so it's beneficial for the further treatment.

(3)TREATING THE WASTE WATER:   after removing solid wastes from the waste water the waste water is transmitted to the treatment unit. In that process the waste water is been treated and make a useable water.

(4)DISINFECTION OF WATER: in the treatment process some amount of infection or say some amount of odor is still exist so for that we have to send it to the disinfection unit. In that unit chlorination process is been applied and make disinfected water.

PRODUCT FEATURES:

Our product's 1st feature it is eco-friendly so it is very useful to all the person who facing scarcity of water. Our product is very eco-friendly because it's purely based on reusing water.

2nd feature is it's cleansing the water so it's balance the water quantity of earth.

3rd thing is its not laborious work so easily we can use it.

4th feature is to make water germs free so that it's useable for reusing.

COMPONENTS:

In the component part we are shown that which are the components used in our projects and they are must.

So our main components are:

(1) SEDIMENTATION TANK: sedimentation tank is a tank which stores the waste water as per the size.

(2) TREATMENT PLANT: in this plant the waste water is being treated and makes useable water.

(3) FILTRATION AND COAGULANTS:. In this part we are filter the waste water and add coagulant so that small particles can be settle down.

(4) GRIT REMOVAL: in this component we are passing water from the grit removal zone so that the heavy particles are to be removed.

(5) STORAGE TANK: treated water is being stored in the storage tank.

(6) SCREENER: the 1st stage of treatment is screener. In these parts big and heavy particles are removed by passing waste water into screener.

(7)

CUSTOMER REVALIDATION:

In the customer revalidation portion we showed that how our product is useful for the customers. Because of the less cost every one can buy this and it's very beneficial for all over the world. in this oil and grease particles also can be remove so kitchen wastes can be easily recycled. Now let's come to the bathroom wastes there is only soap and detergents will be there so for that we can also use this product and it can be recycled easily.

   REJECTS, REDESIGN, RETAIN:

    Our product is very compact in size so that we can use it in small houses also and it's use is very beneficial.

AEIOU SUMMARY

ACTIVITES:

   In this summary point we had design the treatment plant for the domestic purpose and doing some inspections for the data collection. An environmental engineer also gave some information about the plant.

ENVIRONMENT:

(1) BAD ODOUR: in our project we are reusing the waste water so for that we have to face the     bad odor of the waste water.

(2) DIRTY: if we don't remove the wastes from the houses the wastes are collected more and more and then house became dirtier.

(3) ECO-FRINDLY: the product is eco-friendly because we reuse the waste-water.

(4) RECYCLING OF WATER: the treated wastewater is recycled for the reuse purpose.

INTERACTIONS:

(1) LAB TECHNICIAN: we have to do interaction with lab technician for analyzing and collecting data.

(2) GUIDE: for our project work we have to communicate with our project guide for taking good path.

(3) ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEER: environmental engineer is the person who gave the vast information about our project.

(4) LABOUR: for the construction of treatment plant we have to tell all the detail about construction so for that we have to communicate with the labour .

OBJECTS:

(1) SEDIMENTATION TANK: sedimentation tank is a tank which stores the waste water as per the size.

(2) TREATMENT PLANT: in this plant the waste water is being treated and makes useable water.

(3) GRIT REMOVAL: In this component we are passing water from the grit removal zone so that the heavy particles are to be removed.

(4) STORAGE TANK: treated water is being stored in the storage tank.

USERS:

         In the project work there are various users are there for various works.

Our users are lab technician, sweeper, biologist, environmental engineer, and chemist. These all are useful at various kinds of stages.

Progress made

' Understanding the problem

' Data collection

' Area of site

' Water supplied

' No. of students

' Total wastewater generated

' Reviewing material

' Research papers

' Books

' Testing of samples

' Ph

' Acidity

' Alkalinity

' Hardness

' Lab testing

' BOD

' COD

' Result analysis

Identification of physical and chemical parameters of wastewater

Physical parameters

Following parameters were determined after sampling from actual site

Sampling 1:  24-8-16

1 litre of sample collected at 10:15 am

parameters Sample 1 Remarks

ph 10.33

color bluish gray

turbidity 250

BOD

COD 620

Do

alkalinity 420

acidity 140

hardness 190

nitrates 10

Sampling 2: Dt: 1-9-16

 1 litre of sample collected at 10:15 am

parameters Sample 2 Remarks

ph 10.47

colour

turbidity 259

BOD

COD 610

Do

alkalinity 430

acidity 130

hardness 180

nitrates 12

Sampling 3: Dt: 10-9-16

1 litre of sample collected at 10:15 am

parameters Sample 3 Remarks

ph 10.56

colour

turbidity 245

BOD

COD 625

Do

alkalinity 410

acidity 130

hardness 180

nitrates 11

Sampling 4: Dt: 18-9-16

1 litre of sample collected at 10:15 am

parameters Sample 4 Remarks

ph 10.22

colour

turbidity 256

BOD

COD 611

Do

alkalinity 420

acidity 140

hardness 190

nitrates 12

Sampling 5: Dt: 30-9-16

1 liter of sample collected at 10:15 am

parameters Sample 5 Remarks

ph 10.63

colour

turbidity 263

BOD

COD 597

Do

alkalinity 420

acidity 150

hardness 170

nitrates 10

Variations in the samples

Ph

Turbidity

Acidity

Alkalinity

COD

Nitrates

Result discussion

' Reuse for gardening , flushing , car washing , street washing,  construction purposes etc

' It will be helpful for sustainable lively-hood and fresh water consumption will be reduced to some extent.

' Wastewater recycling has proven as an excellent and efficient way of creating reliable and additional supply of water.

' In different areas of the globe, the degree of the practice has been on the rise on daily basis as more countries seek to accommodate increasing needs for environmental protection and supply.

' As different technologies are also applicable in facilitating recycle of wastewater.

Advantages of work

As there is no provision for any type of treatment of the created wastewater generated. So after the implementation of our methodology the waste water generated would be recycled, treated the harmful elements, bacteria , organism, will all be eliminated from the water and the water would be suitable for the release of it into the river or for the reuse of it in flushing, gardening, washing, cleaning etc. purposes.

Usefulness respect to existing solution

As there are no provision of treatment of the wastewater generated, so all work done would be the best of all solution to be implanted for the purpose of recycling and reuse.

Scope of future work

We will be analyzing the test results of wastewater sample collected from the college campus and according to it; we will be designing the treatment plant.

Screening, grit removal, equalization, sedimentation, filter, disinfection unit, aeriation fountains, chemical mixing, flocculation, clarifier, ion exchange pond etc .  all the necessary units for the recycling of water will be designed.

References

' Sustainable approach for livelyhood in action research for wastewater reuse by, Komal P. mehta & A.S.Patel.

' Population division, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations: 'India's Water Resources, Availibility, Needs and Management: 21st Century', German Coastal Engineering Research Council.

' India's water future to 2025-2050', International Water Management Institute; Datamonitor; 'Dreaming with BRICs: The path to 2050', Goldman Sachs Global Economics, March 2009.

' James Crook, PhD., P.E. , Jeffrey J. Mosher, Jane M. Casteline Status and Role of Water Reuse, Global water research colition, U.K. August 2005.

' Peter H. Gleick, Annu. Rev. Environ. Resour. 2003. 28:275-314, California.

' S.K. Gupta * and R.D. Deshpande, Water for India in 2050: first-order assessment of availableoptions, CURRENT SCIENCE, VOL.86, NO. 9, 10 MAY 2004.

' R.M.Bhardwaj, Scientist 'C'. Status of Wastewater Generation and Treatement in India, Central pollution control board, IWJ-Env, International Work Session o n Water Statistics, Vienna, June 20-22 2005

' S. Toze / Agricultural Water Management 80(2006) 147-159.sciences direct.

' Peter H. Gleick, water use, Annual Review Environment Resources, 2003.

' Rakesh Kumar, R.D. Singh and K.D. Sharma, Water resources of India, National Institute of Hydrology, Roorkee 247 667, India, CURRENT SCIENCE, VOL.89,NO.5, 10 SEPTEMBER, 2005.

' Treatment of wastewater to meet disposal standards and possiblities for reuse of wastewater for ETP by Komal P. Mehta & Dr.A.S.Patel.

' Vigneswaran, N., & Sundaravadivel, M. (2001). Advanced  Treatment Technologies  for Recycle/Reuse of Domestic Wastewater. Wastewater Recycle, Reuse and Reclamation Journal, 1(1):1-9.

' Waste water engg treatment and reuse by, Metacalf & Eddy.Fourth edition.2003

' https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/domestic-wastewater-reuse-recycle-paper-writing-services

' Wastewater reuse in agriculture and aquaculture: recommended revisions based on new research evidence Task No: 68 Part 1 by                                 Dr Ursula J. Blumenthal, Dr Anne Peasey, Prof. Guillermo Ruiz-Palacios and Prof. Duncan D. Mara

' Abu-Madi., & Al-Sa'ed, R. (n.d). Towards Sustainable Wastewater Reuse in the Middle East and North Africa. The  Journal of Environmental and Water Studies, 2(15):1-20.

' Asano, T.,  & Visvanathan,  C.  (2010). The Potential for Industrial Wastewater Reuse. Industrial Water Management Journal,1(1):1-14.

' Burton, F., Asano, T., & Tchobanoglous, G. (2006). Water Reuse: Issues, Technologies and Applications. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Book Co.

' A framework for a Global Assesment of the Extent of wastewater irrigation: The need for a common wastewater typology, wim van der Hoekinternational Water Management Institute(IWMI), Bierstalpad, The Netherlands 2011.

' A sustainable livelihoods approach for action research on wastewater use in agriculture 2010.

' Stephanie J. Buechlerinternational water management institute (IWMI) South Asia regional office, Patancheru, India wastewater use in irrigated agriculture 2010.

' Coordinating the livelihood and environmental realities, C.A. Scott, international water management institute (IWMI), patrancheru, india, N.I. Faruqui, international development research centre (IDRC), Ottawa, Canada, L. Raschid-sally, international water management institute (IDRC), Colombo Sri Lanks, CAB internationalin association with the international water management institute and international development research centre 2011.

' WATER AND WASTEWATER REUSE an Environmentally sound approach for sustainable urban water management in collaboration with: ministry of land, infrastructure and transport of japan (PWRI) Osaka municipal government infrastructure development institute of japan (IDI).

' WORKING PAPER 128International water management institute wastewater reuse and recycling systems: A perspective into india and Australia gayathri Devi mekala, brian Davidson, madar samanand anne-gayathri devi mekalabrian davidsonMadarSamad ane anne-maree Boland international water management institute.

' Journal of environmental protection, 2010, 1, 216-225doi:10:10.4236/jep.2010.13026 published online September 2010.

' Evaluation of treated municipal wastewater quality for irrigation abdul Hameed M. Jawad Alobaidy, Mukheled A. AI-Sameraiy, abass J.Kadhem, Athmar abdulMajeed.

' Environmental research center, university of technology, Baghdad, Iraq.

' Received may 27th,2010; revised june 124th, 2010; accepted june 27th, 2010.

' Journal of environmental law 2000 by oxford university press.

' The sustainability of the water industry in a regulated environment Legge, department of law and applied social sciences, I Myrtle street, Liverpool L7 4DN, UK.

' ASCE- American society of civil engg. Journal ofEnv.engg. (Oct, 2003)

' Chemical ENGG. World.- Vol.38, SEP. 2003 (chronicling process industry innovations since 1966)

' SEWERAGE ZONES OF VADODARA. SOUECES V.M.C. (1996)

' Waste water engg treatement and reuse. By, MWTCALF & EDDY, fourth edition.2003

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