WALJAT COLLEGE OF APPLIED SCIENCES
In academic partnership with
BIRLA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
DEPARTMENT OF COMPUTER SCIENCE & ENGINEERING
STUDENT NAME: Annette Joe
ROLL NUMBER: BCA/50004/15 COURSE: BCA SEMESTER: A
SUBJECT CODE & NAME: BCA4003 FUNDAMENTALS OF MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS
SESSION & ACADEMIC YEAR: SP-2017
SUBMISSION DATE: 10/2/17 MAXIMUM MARKS: 15
SUBMITTED TO: Ms. Arati Koul
Annette Joe BCA/50004/15
Grace Thomas BCA/50002/15
Rishab Sharma BCA/50023/15
Moza Saleh Said Al Salmi BCA/50027/15
1.Case study-ICT applications in Oman
2.Group Decision Support System
ICT applications in Oman
' ICT :Information and Communication Technology
ICT is the abbreviation for Information and Communication Technology.It involves framework that supports systems in organizations that enables present day usage or operation of computers. According to Collins dictionary ,"ICT refers to activities or studies that involves computers or other electronic technology."
ICT comprehends a worldwide system of computer network and also nomadic computing (mobile computing) which deploys the use of devices that can be easily carried anywhere and anytime.
Examples of ICT include artificial intelligence such as robotics, telephones, smartphones, Digital TVs, PDA(Personal Digital Assistants) and Internet.
ICT devices in everyday life
' Case study involving ICT applications in Oman: E-Governance In Oman
'ICT penetration is growing horizontally across all sectors, but now it is important to establish the building blocks to enable the sector to develop vertically and stand alone as a future GDP contributor,' according to Salim Sultan al Ruzaiqi ,Chief Executive Officer of the Information Technology Authority. So we can perceive that Information and Communication technology is the mandatory need of the hour for the sustained growth of the country as a whole.
"Spending on ICT is usually historically low compared to other sectors. However, the government is beginning to understand the long term benefits of sustaining investments in the sector", quoted by the authority accountable for domain advancement and supervision bureau.
' E-Governance In Oman
' Oman e-government Architecture Framework(OeGAF)
* The major goal of OeGAF is to achieve and develop a service delivery model such as deploying the use of ICT in advisory services to government organizations in actualizing IT dynamism, IT administration schema and protocol for national ICT establishment.
* The secondary dominant objective of OeGAF is functioning of affiliated standards and secured guaranteed structure.
* e.oman: It is the synonym for e-governance in the Sultanate of Oman.
e.oman has led to the upcoming of digitally enabled society.e.oman procedded its developments by building e-Oman Technical Archhitecture which involves a series of inititives and start-ups:
i. eOman portals
ii. Shared databases throughout various departments of the government
iii. Shared application services
iv. National Data Centre
v. Higher Educational administration Center portal
vi. Electronic services providing traffic fine enquiry
vii. Digitising the application for visa
viii. Donations portal that enable the amount to be directly donated to charitable organizations
ix. Socially responsible activities by creating opportunities for the blind to ease up with the technology.
x. Educational portals
' His Majesty Sultan Qaboos Bin Said's untiring support in the progress of ICT Development Index
The support from HM is innumerable and his long vision for creating a digital Oman has led to the enhancement of educational portals, administrative easiness and comfort is experienced in all spheres of life starting from very small departments to large diversified ministry's office.Hats off to the government of Oman and its leader in setting up cyber crime laws and in gaining a ICT Development Index (IDI) value ranking jumped from 68 in 2010 to 54 in 2015 (out of 167 countries).
Thus,ICT applications and it diversification is a key for the overall development of the economy of the country and for the enhancement of socially responsible and technically educated citizens.
' Decision Support Systems:
Decision support system is a structure held under the regulation of one or more managers who take decisions and benefit in action of managerial decisions by imparting a formulated and stipulated set of means designed to enforce framework on segments of decision-making position and to boost eventual potency of decision results.
o COMPONENTS OF DSS
' Group Decision Support Systems:
' Group of people enhances the selection of diverse decisions .
' The involvement of collective and multifarious observation and proficiency ,the different mindset of the individuals can be elicited.
' The varied inherent co-action coupled with combined action can bring about excellent outcomes.
' The group decision maker is also known as Multi participant decision maker (MDM).
' Multi participant decision making is an activity handled by a mutual body comprised of an association of persons for achieving the desired objective.
Basic MDM structures are :
COMPONENTS OF GDSS
Disadvantages of working in groups:
o Extent of group members:
As rise in number of individuals in group,there can be more subgroups resulting in lower contentment and reduced unity among the individuals of the group.
o Discussions and negotiations:
Increased time and efforts will be invested for discussions and may lead to negotiations to accommodate different perspectives.
o Clashes among the group members
o Gender discrimination
4.Management Information Systems , Managing the digital firm ,11th edition,Kenneth C.Laudon and Jane P.Laudon
...(download the rest of the essay above)