Our controlled assessment is based in the rural village of Castleton to investigate the contrasting pressures affecting the location. A rural area is a large open plot of land with an abundance of crops/grass, with this, Castleton is also an example of a honey pot site which is a location that attracts thousands of tourists this helps Castleton to succour and administer their tourism industry. The village is located in The Peak District
a highland area, stationed in the north of Derbyshire and parts of Yorkshire, Staffordshire and other parts in England
The Peak District has an area of 1,437 km² which is notorious for the vast numbers of human and natural attractions, pubs, gift shops and the famous Blue John Stone which is only found and crafted in Castleton, this attracts “More than 10 million people”
The Peak District contains the towns and villages like Castleton, historic buildings, including Chatsworth House and the medieval Haddon Hall, Museums and attractions like the Mining Museum, Brindley Water Mill and the Cromford Canal. There are also Local events that are held within the Peak District like the Peak Literary Festival and the annual Garland Festival. Castleton just lies north to the centre of the Peak district and is approximately “10 miles from Buxton, 16 miles from Sheffield and 27 miles from Stockport.”
Castleton had a population of 642 in 2011 and has an area of 0.13 sq. miles. Castleton/Peak District is so popular because the area has a large number of natural attractions like National Parks which consist of caverns for example The Peak Cavern and Blue John Cavern, which are natural caves found deep underground harbouring a limestone and mineral cave, Peveril Castle, an 11th century castle overlooking the Castleton village, Mam Tor to go on hikes and their Attractive Countryside to look at the beautiful scenery.
There are four main natural underground caves found in Castleton and they are *(Site 4 in Bibliography)*:
1. Peak Cavern (The Devil's Arse) is one of the four of Castleton’s caverns and the Peak Cavern is the closest one to the visitor facilities which is also part of the largest cave system in the District.
2. The Speedwell Cavern involves a boat trip to an underground canal created by the miners to get access to the Blue John cave. The canal is approximately 200m long where, along the way, the short sections are doubled up to allow boats to get in and out simultaneously.
3. Treak cliff cavern offers a tour lasting nearly three-quarters of an hour and another source to excavate the Blue John Stone mineral.
4. Blue John Cave and mine is the furthest of all four caverns and is a major source of Calcium Fluoride which is made into The Derbyshire Spar in Castleton.
The Peak District uses less than 100 acres of the well-drained soil to occupy arable and pastoral intensive agriculture to grow small amounts of beans, pulses and cereals and to graze sheep that are allowed to freely explore the rural land feeding on tough grass and alpine plants in the midst of bilberry and heather. Although Castleton is not known for its arable farming as the land is more fit for rearing cattle for beef/dairy, grazing sheep for their wool and raising orchard hens, however they still have more than enough experience to grow hay, maize and silage.
Castleton also has a quarry called the Hope Quarry. This quarry provides a link of money for the council and was established in 1929 and had begun its extraction of limestone in 1948. The quarry is located on the outskirts of Castleton which produce 1.5 million tonnes
of limestone as of 1951 annually 1.3 million of which is used for cement works around the UK. This had raised by about 6.5 million since 2001 the quarry, however, also produces 1 million tonnes of CO2. On the other hand it offers jobs to more than 250 people, which the majority live in the village of Hope providing more money for the economy.
This map shows that Castleton is located in the heart of the UK with a scale of 100 Km in northern England, east of Wales and Northern Ireland and south of Scotland. Being in the centre of the UK makes it easier to get to the area as it’s close to the other major cities
This map shows the location of Castleton of nearby major cities with a scale of 20 Km. Castleton is north-west of Nottingham, north of Birmingham, east of Manchester and Liverpool, south of Leeds and west of Sheffield. The map also shows that the M1 travels down the eastern side of Castleton and the M6 running down the western side of Castleton. This is good as tourist can get to Castleton much easier because it’s a main road
With a scale of 5 Km Castleton, in this map, shows that it is one of the few villages located in the north of the Peak District being on the west side of the village Hope, Bamford and Hathersage, north of the A623 and the A619, Tideswell and the Peak Forest. Edale is another tourist honeypot site which helps Castleton as its nearby for other tourist to come to the village however since It’s such a small place a lot of tourist could overwhelm the place making it hard for the local people
The map of Castleton conveys how small the area is and for it to be a honeypot site is a huge negative for the location as the town centre would be full of tourist and there would be a minute space for the local people.
The idea of national parks were brought in by The Environment Act in 1995 the UK has national parks which were created to help and conserve the natural style of the wildlife in different biomes across the world. The national parks also advertise to get an idea of the special properties of the parks. The Sanford Principle is a recommendation which says “If there is a conflict between protecting the environment and people enjoying the environment, that can't be resolved by management, then protecting the environment is more important.”
This means that if someone wanted to catch fish in a lake
and there was a bird that needed to catch fish in order to survive in their breeding season (which is “protecting the environment” in the Sanford Principle) conflict then the animal that needed to survive by catching fish instantly takes their needs and the person has to go fish somewhere else.
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