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  • Subject area(s): Hospitality
  • Price: Free download
  • Published on: 15th October 2019
  • File format: Text
  • Number of pages: 2

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INDEX

I ABSTRACT

II Plagiarism certificate

1 INTRODUCTION

2 COMPONENTS REQUIRED

3 TEST CASES AND RESULTS

4. EMPATHY MAKING CANVAS

5. IDEATION CANVAS

6. PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT

7. AEIOU CANVAS

8. LITERATURE REVIEW

Chapter 1

PLAGIARISM CERTIFICATE

   

Figure PLAGARISM CERTIFICATE

Chapter 2

Introduction

ABSTRACT: Nowadays, trash has become a problem in the society and the ecosystem due to the way people get rid of it. Some people directly throw all kinds of  the garbage into the same can without even segregating it. Whereas some find it difficult to even throw the garbage into the can. So, our project aims at solving the above problem to an extent.

OBJECTIVE: To avoid all such situations we are going to implement a project called INTELLIGENT GARBAGE CAN based on IoT. Implementation is done with the help of  IoT concept. The Internet of Things (IoT) is a concept in which surrounding objects are connected through wired and wireless networks without user intervention. Objects communicate and exchange information. In this system multiple dustbins are located throughout the city or the Campus, these dustbins are provided with a sensor which helps in tracking the level and weight of the garbage bins  and informs the nearest authority in-charge via GSM so that it can be emptied as soon as it gets filled.

Once the bins are full then user will not be able to access the bins. In such circumstances the bin displays the direction of the nearby bins on LCD display.

 In this project we are to design and build a prototype for an automatic open dustbin that can automatically open the lid when it detects the people who want to throw out their trash. It also can detect the level of the trash that inside the dustbin. If the dustbin is full of trash at the certain level, the lid will not open even when there are people who want to throw out their trash.

Also, one of the most important feature of our project is that the INTELLIGENT GARBAGE CAN will be able to segregate between biodegradable and non-biodegradable waste with the help of x-ray penetration.

 

  CHAPTER 3

COMPONENTS

• IOT:

• Aurdino UNO

• Motor driver: To drive the steel plate in the segregation process.

• 16*2 LCD Display: To display the status of the dustbin.

• IR Sensor (TSOP 1738): This IR Sensor gives indicates the level of garbage filled in dustbin and IR Sensor are planted at three different levels on the surface of dustbin to show us the actual level of garbage present in it.

• Weight sensor: The weight sensor is used for detection of amount of garbage in dustbin. It works on the principle of piezo-resistivity. It is RoHS complaint.

• X-Ray: X-Ray penetration will help I  segregation biodegradable and non-biodegradable waste.

• GSM: To send the SMS to the nearest authority in-charge.

• Wi-Fi Module: 802.11b/g/n protocol, Wi-Fi Direct (P2P), soft-AP, Integrated TCP/IP protocol stack. Wi-Fi Module helps us to send the details of the dustbin at the receiver side.

• Power Supply

Chapter 4

TEST  CASES AND RESULTS

1) Dustbin when empty - 0% (when 1st level IR Sensor gives output )

 2) Dustbin half – 50% (when 1st level and 2 nd level IR Sensor gives output )

 3) Dustbin full – 90% (when all three level sensors gives output )

 4) Dustbin is heavy- when threshold weight of dustbin is crossed (weight sensor gives output)

 

Chapter 5

EMPATHY MAKING CANVAS

Empathy is the ability to share another person’s feeling and emotions as if they were your own. The canvas consists of domain analysis. After working on the domain we find our users and stakeholders.

USERS:-

• Public

• People in Colleges and Schools

• Stakeholders

• People at tourist places and picnic spots.

• People at Hospitals

STAKEHOLDERS:-

• Government

• College authorities

• Hospital authorities

• Tourism authorities

Story Boarding:

1.HAPPY STORY:

There was a picnic spot in Gandhinagar where people around the city use to come and enjoy. Since, there was lot of food packets and lot of left over foods too. Suddenly people came across “INTELLIGENT DUSTBIN” with automatic segregating  system which made their experience more interesting .

2.HAPPY STORY: There was a manufacturing factory which was suffering from a problem of segregating their factory’s waste. They came across “INTELLIGENT DUSTBIN” which proved as a boon to them and helped them with segregating their waste in a better way.

3.SAD STORY:

There was a huge dustbin in a locality which always use to get overflowed with garbage, nearby people still use to empty down their household garbage in that dustbin. Due, to which small animals like rats and insects started decaying around it which caused foul smell and unhealthy conditions for the surrounding people.

4.SAD STORY:

Once there was this famous hospital in a city  which faced  a major problem of segregating waste since hospital has many kinds of waste that is needed to be thrown separately. Due, to which they faced unhygienic conditions for patients and other working members of the hospital.

Fig 2.1 Empathy Canvas

Chapter 6

IDEATION CANVAS

The first canvas is empathy canvas. It showcases how we feel for others’ problems and consider their problems as our own. This canvas consists of domain analysis. After working on domain we find our users and stakeholders.

PEOPLE :-

• Common man

• Manufacturers

• Hospital authority

• College campus

• People at tourist places

• People at picnic spots.

• Theatres

• Shopping malls.

• People at food courts

ACTIVITIES:-

• Throwing garbage in shopping malls

• Throwing garbage at picnic spots

• Throwing medical waste in hospitals

• Throwing manufacturing waste in factories

SITUATION:-

• When the cans are overflowed

• When all types of garbage is emptied in the single bin

• Places where manpower is needed to segregate the waste

• When the garbage cans get overweighed

PROPS/SOLUTIONS:

• In the type of bins where threshold level can be determined

• X-rays which can differentiate between the non biodegradable or biodegradable

• The dustbin will be able to segregate the non bio and biodegradable substances.

Figure: Ideation canvas

Chapter 7

PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT CANVAS

PURPOSE-

• To segregate biodegradable and non-biodegradable waste

• Making life easier for common man.

• Level detecting feature

• More effective

• Low manpower consumption

PEOPLE-

• Common man

• Manufacturers

• Hospital authority

• College campus

• People at tourist places

• People at picnic spots.

• Theatres

• Shopping malls.

• People at food courts

PRODUCT EXPERIENCE-

• Flexible

• Reliable

• Easy installation

• Relaxation and stress free

• Easy maintenance and user friendly

PRODUCT FEATURES-

• Automatic level-detector

• Automatic  segregation

• LCD display

• Cost effective

COMPONENTS-

• LCD

• Arduino (UNO)

• Wi-Fi module

• Sensors

• IoT System

CUSTOMER REVALIDATION-

• Cost

• Warranty

• Flexible

• Continuous working

Figure: Product Development Canvas

   

Chapter 9

AEIOU SUMMARY

Our project can be improvised after its first implementation and making different surveys around the users and stakeholders. After talking to some of our own gardeners and people from nurseries we can make the following inclusions only after out first implementation is successful;

Webscrapers can be added to this model to predict the weather and water the plants accordingly.

Sensors for pest controls can be used to monitor the pesticides.

Figure: AEIOU SUMMARY

 

Chapter 9

  LITERATURE REVIEW

This is not an original idea, for the implementation of smart garbage bin; the idea has existed for many years, After the IoT field finding its grip in our lives. This is, however an original plan for designing a smart garbage bin with weight sensor, IR sensor, X-Ray  and Wi-Fi module for transmission of data.

 [1]. A State of the Art review on Internet of Things by P. Suresh, Vijay. Daniel, R.H. Aswathy, Dr. V. Parthasarathy. It gave the idea of IoT subject and addition details about IoT. The proper smart environment and various applications.

 [2].Internet of Things: Challenges and state-of-theart solutions in Internet-scale Sensor Information Management and Mobile analytics by Arkady Zaslavsky, Dimitrios Georgakopoulos. This paper gave us the details about mobile analysis and sensor information management that will help in data segregation of various dustbins.

[3]City Garbage collection indicator using RF(Zigbee) and GSM technology. This paper gave the details for the module required for the transmission of the data to the receiver side and also the main channel follow of the project. Initially we used GSM technology for our project but later on decided to us Wi-Fi module for the ease of data transmission.

[4]Smart Garbage Management System by Vikrant Bhor, Pankaj Morajkar, Maheshwar Gurav, Dishant Pandya. It provided us with additional details and designs needed for flow and management of garbage while collection.

[5]IoT-Based Smart Garbage System for efficient food waste management by Insung Hong, Sunghoi Park, Beomseok Lee, Jaekeun Lee, Daebeom Jeong, Sehyun Park. This paper gave the overview working of the IoT based smart garbage bin and the food management.

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