A policy is a set of “ideas or a plan of what to do in particular situations that has been agreed to officially by a group of people, a business organisation, the government or a political party” (Press, 2018). Officials in different government departments, the Home Office and the Ministry of Justice can create a Policy. Within the United Kingdom, the government plays a huge role in legislative reforms; policies can start out as simple ideas within parliamentary meetings and election manifestos. The process of creating a policy is very complicated and mainly reflects the multiple bodies that form up to create a policy.
Crime Policies (Laws) can be created by the government through legislations and (Davies, 2015)Acts of Parliaments, officials in the government can use their own experience to shape and influence the policy and the Home Office may publish documents that encourage and influence the creation of policing. These policies are made to provide guidance, improve and promote actions within the system; the policies are created in response to issues that the public and the system itself may face. (SAGE Publishing, 2017) Criminal Justice Policies aims to take crime control and maintain law enforcement agencies and punishment options. (Davies, 2015)
Media is “the main means of mass communication (broadcasting, publishing, and the Internet) regarded collectively.” (Press, 2018)
There are multiple mass media platforms such as books, newspapers, libraries, televisions and radios. Media can easily control and shape an individual’s perception within society, this may be because of the information provided and shared. There are various types of media coverage such as; local media that covers media reported within a specific geographical area or the city, national media that is media being reported mainly throughout a country and international media is coverage reported in neighbouring countries or worldwide.
All these media platforms all have different forms of sources that portray information of crime. The news can always control what they want the public to know or see during media coverages or what they read. Unless the individual is the perpetrator or a victim, they will not know or have any first-hand knowledge about crimes or the criminal justice system. (Davies, 2015)
The media ensures that the public receives news in regards to crime and they tend to do this on all mass platforms that are easily accessible and can be easily read, watched and heard. Depending on what the crime news is, the media portrays it in different ways to meet the public’s needs and protect any individuals involved. The media tries to get a response from the public by sharing crime related stories to draw the public. Getting the public involved helps, they gain more publicity and money. However, if media platforms did not exist it would be hard for the public to know stories relating to crime or anything. Media in general has an important role in society, as individuals rely on the media as a source of information whether it is true or not. (Lafif, 2015). In regards to the criminal justice policy, the way the media reacts to crime and violence creates a major role on reshaping the views someone has, once the public has an opinion and ideas towards the stories it helps the government and officials in creating policies and updating old ones. (Anon., 2012)
There are various advantages to why media’s influence is good for the public. Media as a whole provides the public with information in a quick and timely manner; it also provides information on any injustice, corruptions or abuse of power within a country. The media also keeps the public up to date with news, the weather and any sporting events. (Anon., 2018 )Most important advantage’s is that it helps government and agencies to try to prevent, reduce and stop crime. Media can also create awareness in societies; awareness’s could be about any harmful event towards the public. (Ahmad, 2016). It also shows the perception of threat or real threat a crime might do.
However, there are disadvantages such as inaccurate news and privacy loss of an individual. Depending on what the news is, some individuals may be left embarrassed and upset from what has been reported or said. False news can also divide individuals and cause riots, fights throughout the society, also provide a lot of information in regards to crime, or violence can lead or cause panic throughout the nation. (EDUCATOR, 2012)
Media has covered various crime related stories that has caught the public attention. For example in previous years such as 2005, that was the London terrorist bombings. Following the London terrorist bombings, laws were changed on committing the increase in time potential terrorist suspects can be held for. This lowest would change and introduced because of how the public reacted to the news being heard. All the media platforms were reporting of all the events on going, on news TV channels broadcasting and providing live pictures, radios reporting live. The country as a whole was shocked of how “for suicide bombings of that cost lives of 52 people and injured more than 150 people” (Cobain, 2010). New laws such, as ‘those criminalising the glorification or encouraging of terrorism this provided are useful new way for investigating and prosecuting’. These new laws make it easy for agencies to know how to handle a suspected terrorist.
In 2006, the terrorism act was introduced because of the attacks; the legislation was then followed by measures from the bank of England to be able to seize assets of a terrorism suspect. The legislation brought up a massive increase in reassurance to the public safety, which increased to thousands of terrorism charges being brought up every year usually to men in their 20s. (Cobain, 2010)
Section 1 of the terrorism act 2006 highlights in courage meant of tourism, preparation of terrorism acts and tourism training, offences is evolving radioactive devices, materials, nuclear facilities and sites. (Terrorism Act 2006)
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