Jammu and Kashmir is blessed with enormous number of water resources which are spread over about 40,000 hecters of water comprising lakes , rivers , streams and springs.
The state of Jammu and Kashmir has unique topography and diverse agro-climate conditions which divide it into three zones named as tropical Jammu regions ,temperate Kashmir valley and zone of Ladakh.
The department of fisheries in j and k was established in 1978 with the main aim of promoting sport fisheries and conservation of water resources, later on various programmes were launched in order to promote fisheries with establishment of district level units throughout state.
The department introduced fish farming in all districts of state .There are about 1,272 fish-ponds (859), private ponds (401) and demonstration ponds (12)
OBJECTIVES OF DEPTARMENT:
To increase the aquaculture production by development and up gradation of fish farms, hatcheries etc.
To introduce the fish farming in private sector.
Impart training to farmers with recent technologies and to provide them with cold storage facilities.
To help the farmers to earn their lively hood.
The department has developed many carp and trout farms, hatcheries , rearing units and sale centers to provide employment to educated youth
Government is mainly stressing on developing infrastructure in the form of various fish farms hatcheries etc.
The dept. has already achieved a major success in cold water fisheries.
Various policies include:
1) Existing infrastructure will further be increased i.e increasing the no. of hatcheries and rearing ponds.
2) Development of recreational fisheries by setting up an aquarium at Srinagar and aquarium cum awareness centre at
Bagh -i- bahu Jammu.
3) Introducing fisheries in private sector.
4) Sport fisheries will be further strengthened and various new trout streams will be established.
5) To provide better marketing facilities to fisherman.
Trout is one of the major fish species which was introduced in Kashmir by British people…………..the culturing of trout and the various steps taken by the dept. to increase its production is given below:
The environment and topography of J & k is suitable for breeding, rearing and production of trout fishes.
The snow-fed and glacier-fed streams mountain, lakes and springs of the state boost the healthy environment of trout fishes.
Trout is a cold-water fish and it well flourishes in water temp. ranging from 5 degree to 15 degree.
In J & k two species of trout namely brown trout (Salmo trutta fario) and rainbow trout ( oncorhynchus mykiss) are popular.
The physic-chemical parameters of water of Kashmir are beneficial for trout fishes. It has been known that the survival rate of trout eggs in Kashmir is 10% higher than the western av. of 46%.
TROUT SEED PRODUCTION AND HATCHERY
Five seed producing hatcheries cum breeding projects are located at:
Laribal (Srinagar), Kokernag ( Anantag) shokababa (Baramulla) , mammar (Srinagar).
The breeding season of trout starts in November and is carried out in controlled conditions.
After obtaining eggs fingerlings are raised at selected hatcheries, than these fingerlings are supplied to various trout rearing units of state.
All these hatcheries mainly function on scientific and technological grounds with special assistance from European countries.
With the help of these technologies the trout seed production has increased from 2.12 million eggs per year (annual report of fisheries dept. J & k)
The department also has two national fish seed farms: one at kathua (Jammu) and another at manasbal Kashmir.
The dept. also sells trout seed to various states and countries like Himachal Pradesh, Skimm and Bhutan
TROUT REARING UNITS CUM SALE CENTRES:
Presently the dept. has about 32 trout rearing units in every district of state.
Trout species are generally carnivorous, predators mainly feed on small fishes and insects.
The dept. has got two feed mills at Kokernag and Harwan.
In order to give necessary training to its staff the dept. has established Fisheries –training centre(IFTC).
The trout production is in J & k state with very low mortality rate mainly due to favorable environmental conditions.
The production has increased from 90 tones in2002-03 to 155 tones in 2010-11.
TROUT IN PRIVATE SECTOR:
Dept. of fisheries is planning to introduce trout culture in private sector for which necessary infrastructure and additional feed mills will be established in coming years.
The national fisheries development board has sanctioned Rs .3.10crores for this project.
Besides this, under prime minister's economic package 100% subsidy is being provided for construction and maintenance of fish ponds.
During the last two or three years the production has increased and almost doubled over the years.
In addition to various steps taken by government along with dept. of fisheries, the stress should be laid on developing
additional infrastructure and educating farmers on recent advancements which will help them to increase their fish production.
Dept. of fisheries J & k website
Present status of trout fisheries in J & k by NOOR-UL HASSAN AND DEVENDRA N . PANDAY.
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