Leadership versus Management
I have every expectation that one day you will be considered management and supervising others in the work place. But what does that mean? Will you manage people or will you lead them? Do you know the difference?
1. Define Management.
Management is an individual or a group of individuals that accept responsibilities to run an organization. They Plan, Organize, Direct and Control all the essential activities of the organization. Management does not do the work themselves. They motivate others to do the work and co-ordinate (i.e. bring together) all the work for achieving the objectives of the organization.
Management brings together all Six M's i.e. Men and Women, Money, Machines, Materials, Methods and Markets. They use these resources for achieving the objectives of the organization such as high sales, maximum profits, business expansion, etc.
Management is often included as a factor of production along with machines, materials, and money. According to the management guru Peter Drucker (1909-2005), the basic task of management includes both marketing and innovation. Practice of modern management originates from the 16th century study of low-efficiency and failures of certain enterprises, conducted by the English statesman Sir Thomas More (1478-1535).
2. Define Leadership.
Leadership is the ability of a company's management to make sound decisions and inspire others to perform well. Effective leaders are able to set and achieve challenging goals, to take swift and decisive action even in difficult situations, to outperform their competition, to take calculated risks and to persevere in the face of failure. Strong communication skills, self-confidence, the ability to manage others and a willingness to embrace change also characterize good leaders.
Leaders are people who do the right thing; managers are people who do things right. – Professor Warren G. Bennis
Leadership is the art of getting someone else to do something you want done because he wants to do it. – Dwight D. Eisenhower
3. What are at least 5 differences between the two?
Managers have subordinates whereas Leaders have followers, managers create circles of power while leaders create circles of influence
Management consists of controlling a group of entities to accomplish a goal. Leadership refers to an individual's ability to influence, motivate, and enable towards organizational success.
Managers do things right whereas leaders do the right things, Managers maintain but leaders develop.
Managers have short-term perspective; leaders have long term perspective. Managers rely in control whereas leaders inspire trust.
Management is about arranging and telling. Leadership is about nurturing and enhancing – Tom Peters.
4. There have been many great leaders in history. Name 5 of them and explain why you consider them a great leader.
Mahatma Gandhi: Being born as an ordinary boy Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, has become the Father of the Nation. He led India against the rule of the Brirtishers and gave Freedom. He practiced the non-violence and ahimsa, believed only trust shall prevail. I consider him as one of the greatest leaders to have ever on the earth.
Mother Teresa: The icon for the word servant leadership. A true leader who left home at early18 to pursue a religious life, gave all her worldly possessions. She was a selfless servant leader who dedicated her whole life to making others' lives better.
Abraham Lincoln: Abraham Lincoln, the 16th President of USA, led the country through the US Civil War. He strived hard and did his best to keep the people of the country together or else, today, America would have been many smaller countries instead of one big country. He ending slavery in US. His conviction, humility, oratory skills made him one of the greatest leaders we have ever had.
Nelson Mandela: Nelson Mandela was the first democratically elected President of South Africa. He was the leader and the face of the Anti- Apartheid movement and all through his life, he relentlessly fought against racial discrimination. He came out as a hero after prison and led the country into a free, equal future.
5. Go to Youtube.com. Find a video (minimum of 5 minutes) that you thinks explains what it means to be a leader.
a. Summarize the video. (Include the link.)
b. Must be at least 3 paragraphs.
This is graduate school. I expect this to be very well documented and not just a few sentences. You must cite your sources. Formatting, of course, is also very important. It does not matter what you do for formatting as long as it looks good.
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