The U.S Department of Energy's (DOE's) Wind program leads the nation's efforts to improve the performance, lower the costs, and accelerate the deployment of wind power technologies
The Wind program sponsors research and development activities to enable grater use of abundant, domestic wind and water resources for electric power generation that will help stabilize energy costs, enhance energy security, and also improve our environment
This development projects with industries and are performed in partnership with federal state, industry, and other stakeholder groups The Indonesian government has set itself a goal/ target of 35 GW of additional energy capacity, as the country has one of the lowest electricity supply levels in the world, with more than 15% of the population without access of electricity. Of this amount of renewable energy must supply around 23% equivalent to 8 GW, by 2020. Wind and Solar photovoltaic are both competitive with conventional fuel. UPC Renewables Indonesia will be the first to build a wind farm in Indonesia.
It will be 75 MW(megawatt) and will be built in Sidrap, South Sulawesi. It will occur in November 2016 and will be completed by approximately 12 months (Caffyn, 2016).
So in my opinion there is advantages and dis-advantages. So the Disadvantage is “probably” the government could take some of our land to build a wind energy power in our yard (just an example) it will be noisy, and also taking a lot of our space. We could get a free electricity or energy from the government for allowing them to build a wind energy and taking our land. But the advantages is that we could get electricity for free and just use it every time because it is a renewable energy and its not harming the earth not like fossil fuels. It\'s a clean fuel source. Wind energy doesn\'t pollute the air like power plants that rely on combustion of fossil fuels, such as coal or natural gas. Its also sustainable. Wind is actually a form of solar energy. Winds are caused by the heating of the atmosphere by the sun, the rotation of the Earth, and the Earth\'s surface irregularities
“The renewables portfolio standard (RPS) would use market mechanisms to ensure that a growing percentage of electricity is produced from renewable sources. By establishing tradable \"renewable energy credits,\" the RPS would function much like the Clean Air Act emissions allowance trading system.”
“Five states have enacted minimum renewables requirements during restructuring; three others have set pre-restructuring state minimums. Together these bills are likely to preserve 1,500 MW of existing renewables and lead to development of 1,700 MW of new renewables. Connecticut has the highest overall state target; Arizona the highest solar support. Six 1998 federal bills contain RPS provisions. Another way of encouraging a switch to renewable sources is to fund renewable energy development with a small charge on all electricity sold. Such a charge could fund specific activities to overcome market barriers and help commercialize new technologies. Seven states have adopted renewables funds totaling about $1 billion over ten years. California has the highest level of total funding; Connecticut the highest per customer. Public benefits funds can be allocated where they are most needed. For example, they can be directed toward technologies that have great long-run potential, like solar photovoltaics, but are not competitive today even with other renewables. Net metering is an important way to eliminate penalties for households and small businesses that elect to generate their own power from renewable sources (with, for instance, small wind turbines or rooftop solar systems). Some renewables can be sited in or around customer buildings where they can not only replace conventional generation, but help avoid transmission and distribution costs. An important issue is whether these technologies are credited for these savings Fair Pollution Rules, under the Clean Air Act, older power plants are allowed to emit more pollutants than newer plants and, therefore, do not have to spend as much money on pollution controls. On average, these rules save older plants nearly one cent per kilowatt hour compared to new plants, giving them an unfair competitive advantage. Putting Green Customer Demand to Work. Many surveys have shown that customers are willing to pay more for electricity from clean and renewable sources. At least 40 programs offering customers renewable energy choices were available by mid-1998.”
Results from initial pilot and marketing experiments are mixed, with low initial participation rates but some signs of long-term promise. To exercise their preference for clean energy sources, customers need reliable information about products they are offered. To address this issue, electricity suppliers can be required to label their products. These disclosure labels for fuel sources and emissions would be analogous to nutrition labels on food. The Wind Program works with industry partners to increase the performance and reliability of next-generation wind technologies while lowering the cost of wind energy. The program\'s research efforts have helped to increase the average capacity factor (a measure of power plant productivity) from 22% for wind turbines installed before 1998 to an average of 33% today, up from 30% in 2000. Wind energy costs have been reduced from over 55 cents (current dollars) per kilowatt-hour (kWh) in 1980 to an average of 2.35 cents in the United States today.
To ensure future industry growth, the technology must continue to evolve, building on earlier successes to further improve reliability, increase capacity factors, and reduce costs. This page describes the goal of the program\'s large wind technology research efforts and highlights some of its recent projects.
The United States is home to one of the largest and fastest growing wind markets in the world. To stay competitive in this sector, the Energy Department invests in wind research and development projects, both on land and offshore, to advance technology innovations, create job opportunities and boost economic growth.
Moving forward, the U.S. wind industry remains a critical part of the Energy Department's all-of-the-above energy strategy to cut carbon pollution, diversify our energy economy and bring the next generation of American-made clean energy technologies to market.
So that's why we need to have wind energy in our country. Because it is just great even though there are dis advantages too. The next generation of wind technology will be Increasing the performance and reliability of next-generation wind technologies with industry partners through prototype, component, and utility-scale turbine research and development. The environmental impact ‘s are it could reduce barriers to wind power deployment and increasing the acceptance of wind power technologies by addressing siting and environmental issues.
“To truly transform our economy, protect our security, and save our planet from the ravages of climate change, we need to ultimately make clean, renewable energy the profitable kind of energy. “(BARACK OBAMA, 2009)
“Once the renewable infrastructure is built, the fuel is free forever. Unlike carbon-based fuels, the wind and the sun and the earth itself provide fuel that is free, in amounts that are effectively limitless.” AL GORE, Our Choice”
“Clearly, we need more incentives to quickly increase the use of wind and solar power; they will cut costs, increase our energy independence and our national security and reduce the consequences of global warming.” (Hillary Rodham Clinton, 2005)
So overall the solution is renewable energy. Which one of it is Wind Energy. It is great the question I made was great so yeah. I hope in the next generation Indonesia will run in Wind Energy or any kinds of other renewable energy sources
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