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  • Subject area(s): Marketing
  • Price: Free download
  • Published on: 14th September 2019
  • File format: Text
  • Number of pages: 2

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CAD has been a game changer in the manufacturing and developing industries and has allowed possibilities that would have been impossible without it. When using CAD your able to consistently produce accurate and precise drawing with many other benefits such as communication with the customer or manufacturer. An advantage of using CAD easy storage of you work as your able to simple save it onto a computer file or a USB drive this also has a carry over to the simplicity of sending you work. Through the use of email your able to communicate back and forth with your client and make modifications as you go with the hassle of arranging a courier can be time consuming and costly. Also with CAD your cut out the cost of purchasing paper and drawing equipment which may not seem a lot but really adds up due to the constant modifications or changes that happen in the development process. This is also beneficial in terms of being more time efficient and reaching deadline as with CAD you're provided with a vast amount of commands and tools that otherwise you wouldn't have access which assist you and make it a lot more time efficient allowing you to reach the production phase sooner. The tools allow you to undo, redo, erase, change dimensions and much within a fraction of the time it would take to do manually and also modifications that would be impossible to do when manually drawing without having to start over.

There are many functions and commands in CAD that allow you to produce results that would otherwise be extremely time consuming or impossible with just the click of a button. For example creating a 3D model in the solid works software can very easily be done using the boss/bass extrude feature which turn your 2D design into a 3D representation that can be viewed at any angle and direction and a complete 360 degrees rotation capabilities by just clicking and dragging the mouse in different directions. The next best thing to this would be having a physical model created which can be costly and very time consuming. Another command that is extremely intelligent is the smart dimensioning tool In solid works which allows you to select a line are radius that you have created and input the exact dimension you want with a much higher tolerance if needed whereas with a rule you'd be stuck with a low and inaccurate dimension tolerance of 0.1 and have a much higher risk of human error. Whereas the dimensioning tool allow you to be precise and have complete confidence in the accuracy of your drawing. Another command that can be very useful is the ability to duplicate and modify you drawing with simple tools like the trim entities feature. This allows you to erase and delete line that you don't necessarily need which means that you don't have to start over if you have made a mistake but simply correct the line by changing the dimension or trimming it down a certain size or entirely. The tool dramatically reduces the production time of drawing as it prevents you from starting over as you would when manually drawing.

There are many benefits to implementing CAD into the manufacturing company. The initial cost of purchasing CAD software may be high however the long term investment pays off for numerous reasons. The first financial benefit of implementing CAD into the company would be having the ability to be able to send emails back and forth without editorial rights with your client presents your work and being able to make the necessary adjustment to reach a final product. This automatically saves the cost of hiring a courier but more than that its speed up the time it take to reach a final decision leaving you with a happier customer and with good customer service who are then more likely to return to the business while improving you work output. And also there is no guarantee that the courier delivers the work in time or at all which would waste even more time as you would be required to start your work over again. A huge advantage to implementing CAD to your company is being able to view your 2D design in a 3D model representation, with the click of a button, as this allows you to understand if any changes need to be made to make more visually pleasing helping boost sales but also speeding up the amount of time to actually start the production process as otherwise you would have to pay a company to product a physical 3D model which can  be costly and time consuming and may not even produce a result your content with meaning you would need to go back to the drawing board and start over.  Another benefit of implementing CAD would cutting out the cost of buying paper or new equipment which when manually drawing can add up to be quite expensive as for each drawing there would be multiple versions and modifications made on the way which can be costly when added up. Whereas compared to the CAD software where you're easily able to make modifications and new models in a fraction of the time due to all the tools and commands you have available to you which can in turn increase you work output meaning its cost and time efficient which play hand in hand. One important feature of implementing CAD to you company is being able to test the durability or structures and products on software's like rivets after creating a 3D model before beginning the production stage. This will help he understand if the structure of the product is even physically stable when force and pressures are applied and if not you can simple go back a step and adjust your design to ensure that it is, this can potentially save you a lot of money as skipping this step or doing it manually can take a lot of man hours and the results may not be as accurate as a CAD software is. This could potentially cause you to waste a lot of material and time and delay the production time as you'll be needing to possible re-order the materials and re-draw you design which can cost the company a lot of money. So investing in the CAD software initially can save you money in the long run. Another benefit to implementing CAD is the vast amount of money you can save through the accuracy of the machining process. As a CAD model can be transferred to a CAM system with all the dimensions being exact and precise you cut out the risk human error as otherwise you would have to manually input the data which is wrong can lead you to wasting a vast amount of potentially expensive material whereas when using CAD you can be sure that the date is all accurate. Another huge benefit is when using a CAD/CAM software your able to verify the tool path which can be very useful as it allow you to further cut out the risk of cutting the wrong material away which would again cost you money as you would potentially have to reordered material which would cost money in itself but also slow down production time. Being able to check to tool path also allows you to cut the material as efficiently as possible and reduced waste material which could either be re-used or sold and also dramatically cuts down the secondary machining time which can speed up the work output. Over all using CAD can be a lot more cost and time efficient as it allows the company to be more productive and save money.

Task 2

For a CAD software such as solid work there is a recommender of simply a minimum requirement for the different aspects of the hardware and software of the PC to ensure that it runs smoothly with experiencing any delays or file crashed. The is especially important as your likely to have multiple projects running at the same time which if not properly supported ca result in your PC crashing and you potentially loosing you work.  Components such as the processor, RAM and hard drive are essential to consider when picking the optimum PC for CAD purposes. For example the required processor to utilize solid works to its full capabilities is the 64 bit processor which allows the PC to complete task faster without slowing down or crashing. The higher the processor the quicker it's able to complete code calculation per second ultimately allowing to pc run faster and more efficiently. The RAM is also an important aspect allowing the PC to run smoothing while have multiple heavy files and projects running at the same time. The recommended RAM for solid works is no less that 8gb which will allow you to store date that you access much quicker than if you saved on a hard drive. It's useful if you running multiple jobs coincidently as your quick and easy to access while allowing your computer to run smoothly. As with CAD you'd often be running multiple programs at the same time you'll be better of with a higher RAM as you wouldn't be concerned about anything crashing and losing work or your PC slowing down overtime. However these recommendations and requirements are tailored to solid works. Other CAD software's such as AutoCAD, rivet, solid edge and many more have their own recommendation so be wary when picking out your pc and make sure its tailored to your needs.

Providing the customer with a 3D representation of the product can be beneficial for company and customer satisfaction. CAD software like solid works can quite easily allow you to convert a 2d design into a 3D model with the use of the boss/base extrude tool. And when using software like this or even many others for example rivet, you're able to present different materials and textures to the client allowing them to get an understanding of what the final product will look like. Also very importantly it gives the client as chance to view the model in a full 360 view at all angles and directions while zooming in and out of small details. 3D models can also attract new customer and persuade them to buy the product as they are able to get a full representation of what the product will look like without having to create a physical 3D model. Being able to present your ideas and thoughts this way can improve their communication with the client ad it will give your customer a more realist view of the end product that they wouldn't be able to get otherwise. This allows the client to be more confident in making modifications and changes and allows the client to come to final product faster.  This can very beneficial in the structural/architectural engineering industries as viewing a property development in terms of aesthetics in 2d would be very difficult and the client would be able to confidently get a grasp of your ideas and also as these types of project can be very complex and entail a lot of different parts and components it's made even more difficult for the client to understand what the final product will look like as that's what commonly more important to them not so much the internal structure. So converting it into a 3D model can make it much simpler for the client to understand the exterior shape and make a decision to whether they want to make modification or not. Displaying you model in a 3D representation also allows the manufacturers and devolves to analyse and verify if there design is even obtainable by being able to transfer the 3D structure in to a software that showcases the forces and pressures being applied to the structure. This will prove to be very important to the customer as it will give them an understanding of what is physically possible to produce and set some boundaries. The 3D visual representation also can be used as an effective marketing tool to show the clients what they capable of and building confidence and trust with the client and company. Also as using a 3D model to show case the design to the customer can really simplify it for them an help the understand this can improve communication between the developer and client allowing both parties to reach an end product that their happy with. This can leave you with a happy customer that can recommend you to others and come back for future work. However a 2D model is also very important in fulfilling the customer requirement as it provides details of the final product that a 3D model would be able to. 2d is commonly used I the structural/architectural industries as a floor plan often needs to presented to the client as its provided the client with information of the internal layout of the different floor with great detail. It gives the client an idea of the amount of space they have to work with and the dimensions of various components and areas. The 2D model gives the customer a precise representation of the size and measurement by accurately dimensions each component to allow the client to understand if its suitable for them or if it needs modifications. For example if a development project is taking place it is very important for the customer to understand maximum space they are able to legally develop and what they can do in terms of adding their facilities like kitchens and bathrooms to make the most of the space. This is all knowledge that can be provided via a 2D representation of the final plan. It can provide information for each floor such as the rooms' dimensions and stair locations and allows the client to be able to make any modification or adjustment if possible.  Overall both 2D and 3D views play a big role in the fulfilling the customer requirement however 3D views are better for fulfilling the customers requirements where as a 2D could possibly be better off at being used for manufacturing purposes as the 3D models especially with the advancement recently can show case the information the 2D model can also. For example you can go from a 3D model an exploded view making all the components visible which can be beneficial for the customer to understand all the different aspects that go into producing the final product. And also as we know have the ability to apply photorealistic finishes that are so accurate its difficult to distinguish between a CAD model and a photograph so the customer has the ability to modify and adjust the finishes to suit their needs.

Task 3   CAD software plays a vital role in the design process and the manufacturing process. A design or model that you created on the CAD software can be imported in to a CAM system which controls the machining tools through the use of a CNC (computer numerical control). This massively improves the accuracy while reduces product development time. Software such as Autodesk enables you perform CAD and CAM tasks within the same system allowing you to design and manufacturer easily and efficiently with fewer complications that come with manually imputing the data like human error. This allows the CNS machine is able to directly obtain design for the CAD/CAM software and start the manufacturing process with the replication of all the dimensions giving you exactly what you designed. Also you're able to view the tool path through the CAM software which allows you to verify the production process and guarantee you're getting exactly what you requested. This can help with cost/time efficiency, productivity and reduce material wastage and also improve the quality and accuracy of the end product reducing the amount of secondary machining processes needed. CAM software's also allow you to produce parts that have a much higher dimension tolerance at a more precise and higher quality level than achievable without the software while being much more time efficient. Also using CAD software's such a rivet your able to test the model using testing software that allows you to input you 3D model and provides you with an analyses giving you various statistics which you can work with to conclude whether the product is ready to be manufactured. If not you can simple go back and modify or adjust it so that it is without having to start over. Overall CAD software is providing you with a more accurate and efficient route to go from design to production while being more cost effective and consistent.

A 3D model of the drawing can be more beneficial and useful to the customer in comparison to the traditional 2D model as clients are normally more interest in the aesthetics of the final products than the dimensions and statistics that the 2D model can provide. 3D models on a CAD system will allow the clients to view a full 360 degree view of the model at all angles giving them an understanding of what the final product should turn out like. This gives the customer confidence in making modifications and adjustment to the model to fulfil their requirements. Also the CAD software will allow the client to zoom in and rotate using the mouse to view the smaller details and decide whether it suit their needs. Another benefit to using a 3D model is how you're able to present different colours, textures and finishes to the material chosen for the product which further allows the customer to know exactly what they're after and come to a final decision. This is especially effective as with the recent advancements you are now able show a photorealistic finish which is extremely realistic which give the customer full control of what they want and decide with various different option. Another tool that you may uses to impress your client and help them understand more of the detail within the products exterior aesthetics is using the exploded view which can be done on your 3D model to shown all the different components and dimensions allowing you to tally a cost and explain it to the customer giving the confidence and building trust. Also as this reduce the time it take for the customer to reach their final decision and the customer knows exactly what they're getting thanks to the 3D model your left with a satisfied customer that'll potentially come back for other work and also tell people about your company. Although manufactures and engineers have no problem understanding a 2D model and what it represents most projects are far too complex for a client to get their head around so a 3D model is preferred to present to a customer as it allows for a more efficient means communication and understanding between the client and development team and allows them to reach a final product with a lot less confusion so essentially working with 3D saves time and allows you to start the production phase quicker.   

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