Children's Emotional Well-Being
Wellbeing can be defined as a state where an individual is happy, comfortable or healthy. However, wellbeing is very important and plays a big part on how human beings get on with each other, their; potential, the positivity of their emotions and resilience and also how they find life in general. (Diener, 2009).
There is no one definition which can give us a close answer whether unsecure environment or a secure environment can help to shape our emotional well-being children grow and mostly adapt with the way they were raised for instance if a child was to be raised in a discord environment with their parents or care givers who always fight and argues in front of them there is a big chance they those kids will follow their footsteps of their care givers or parents in their adult hood , this kids might not be able to concentrate well at school they might lack self-esteem ,confidence and they can also be violent towards others because to them with the background and the environment they are coming from self-esteem plays a big role in one's life in dealing with anxiety whether it comes from inside someone heart or outside its normal they will not be doing this knowingly to them its normal because they see it every day and their environment has shaped them to be the way they are ,but attribution styles suggest that every human being has control over their destiny everyone can achieve their goals and be what they want to be in life regardless and things happen in life because we allow them to they believe some fortunate things happen to people because they are just born lucky Rotter(1966)
Some kids maybe brought up and raised with a solo parent who is always occupied and never have time to attend to the child needs most of the time this kids will be placed with different child minders whilst the parent is away this kids have to see their mom with different partners most of the time the mom is drunk ,this kids are likely to grow up being aggressive and use abusive language and they won't be having that caring nature to anyone around them because they don't know what love and care is because they never experienced it their environment has already shaped their behaviour this kids will be thinking their parent or care givers behave the way they do because of them so the child will tend to feel guilty at a tender age For one to judge life positively and feel good in adult hood they should have at least had an attachment in childhood this kids are normally to have false self in adult hood were they have to be defensive in everything they do they will be very defensive about their behaviour because they will be looking back in their childhood and use that as an excuse when confronted about their bad doings . Exploring human development suggest that nature 'nurture can be traces back to philosophers it states that what happens in during this early years has a permanent and reflective effect on Individual however jean 'jacques Rousseau made the opposite argument he' said that kids are capable of discovering how the world works and how they should
function without being told what to do with adults he developed an idea that children should be allowed to grow as nature want them to be with little force or guidance from parents
Some kids will just grow up to be strong minded a caring attitude and they can achieve their goals regardless whether its nature or nurture which has shaped them they will grow up to have their own ambitions and dreams. Attachment theory in childhood suggest (Bowlby 1988)'emphasize that the way separation is titled is the root to protected bonding and sees the care givers providing a secure base both in child's mind and real life from which a child can start to explore the world' .so children need to form a close bond with their parents or care givers a child normally rushes to its parent when in distress or scared because the child knows she will get that love and reassurance that everything will be fine .but since this world is full of uncaring individuals the child can be either loving or hateful regardless weather it was brought up in a stable family it's the surrounding's and environment which help to shape them or not.
According to Sroufe and Jacobvitz, (1989),' early stress in a child life can cause difficulties in development in adulthood, they also argued that personal differences in several areas such as personality, social skills, cognitive behaviour and emotional response could be a consequence for this amount of trauma. Moreover, mental problems are developed in some of them at an early stage and their experiences guarantees long term developmental episodes against successive shock ' (Sroufe and Jacobvitz, 1989). In addition Malekpour (2007) argue that early childhood encounter , especially emotionally or efficient
experiences with other people encourage and shape the behaviour and the construct growth that result in the expanding functional capacities of a developing in one self Schore (1994) in his study he agree with the same idea and repeated that these experinces that occurearly about the environment shape, diferent peonality development, its adaptive capacities as well as vulnerabilities to and deviance against some other fors of pathologies in the near future.
It is evident from the above that uncertainty and insecure environments has a negative impact on the child emotional wellbeing and psychological. Research shows that that infants who experience multiple changes in their life time might have to encounter far worse outcomes in the development compared to children that were raised with both stable parents in the family and maybe also in children raised by single parents that are stable in single-stable families (Fomby and Cherlin 2007) According to Furstenberg and Seltzer (1986), the more changes in family structure kids encounter the worst they can or might not be able to adjust. These changes may include parents' separation, one moving out of the home romantic partner's move into, the home that the children will be just left confused not knowing what happening, or even death when parents pass away the children will be leaves to move on and adjust with the present. The fundamental concept in this theory is that kids and their caregivers, whether they are married, single or just in a relationship, from a functioning family method and that recurrence disruption of this method may be more challenging and distressing to the children and their wellbeing than intended long-term continuation.
According to Fomby and Cherlin (2007), coming in and out of a child life can also cause a child to produce episodes of uncertainty and insecurities of crises that could disturb a child ability for normal behaviour in later life ,some kids may be able to get used when circumstance change for the better but some are not that fortunate the trauma will have a negative impact in their adult hood .
Even if no instability or insecurity is present,
A child's sense of security and trust could be affected by multiple transactions which in turn could have an effect on the emotional and psychological wellbeing of the child. The instability hypothesis of Wu and Martinson (1993) which is consistent with the outcome of behaviour, focus n early adolescence, early and middle childhood, demonstrated that at the age of 5, children that experienced at least one transition in their family during their early childhood, were more likely to have high levels of behaviour problems; regardless of the marital status of their mother at birth (Najman, Behrens, Andersen, Bor, O'Callaghan, and Williams 1997). Simillar studes wre carried out on elementary school students and it was discovered that disruptive behaviour as more likely to occurat school in children who have been through two or more transitions in their lives. It was also found that those children poorly adjusted their emotions , had lwer achievement score as well as lower grades compared to children who experienced no transition or one transition only (Kurdek, Fine, and Sinclair 1995, Martinez and Forgatch 2002).
Once the experiment was carried out on middle school and high school students, similar results were found. For example, high likely hood o dropping out of school was associated with family structure whereby transmission is experienced more than once throughout in a long period of observation (Pong and Ju 2000).
However, the effect of children emotional and psychological wellbeing can be substantial when each of the transitions of partners , parents and care givers in and out of the household requires adjustment that cannot be stressful at least initially for the biological parent and the children (Fomby and Cherlin 2007). They also argued that if a child is raised with both parents, h has a better chance compared to a single parent family, when it comes to lower school engagement, poorer grades achievements, behaviour and emotional problems. Parents behaviour and cognitive abilities may affect the children through the environment and surroundings in the home, their school work might also be affected as wel as the parents ability to maintain stable and intimate relationship. Furthermore a comparison made by O'Connor, Plomin, Caspi, and DeFries (2000), found out that the difference between the children living withn their biological parents in one hand, and childrend living living with adoptive family in the other hand, would likely reflect what is called ' passive genotype-environment and correlation'. In biological families, parents tend to transmit genetic trait to their children as well as environmental experiences consistent with those traits, while this is not present in adoptive parent families. It was also found by researchers that attachement patterns established early in life can lead to number of problems. Kids who were raised in a secure environment tend to develop strong self resilience when they are growing up, these children also tend to be more independent, experience less depression and anxiety, have a successful social relationship and perform better in school. Thje instability hypothesis stipulates that kids are affected as much or even more by the type of family structure than disruption and changes in family structure.
Alternatively the selection hypothesis, which posits that the association is due to common causal factors reflected in the parents' antecedent behaviours and attributes (Fomby and Cherlin 2007). This shows that there is a correlation between psychological and emotional well-being and stable and secure environment. According to Lucas RE, Clark AE, Georgellis Y, Diener E. (2004) the expression of genetic effects are often influenced by factors in the environment implying that circumstances and social conditions do matter and they have found that well-being is sensitive to life events (e.g., unemployment, marriage).
In conclusion the environment provided by the children's caregivers has tremendous impact on the children's emotional health. . This undoubtedly is an indications that stable and secure environment has plays a big role in our psychological and emotional wellbeing. Insecure environment and Unstable has a negative impact in our wellbeing.
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