Essay: Nigerian building collapses

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  • Subject area(s): Geography essays
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  • Published on: August 9, 2018
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  • Nigerian building collapses
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In Nigeria today the issue of buildings collapse is disturbing, this problem has been frequent for the past few years. Over two hundred cases of buildings collapse have been recorded within the past fifteen years all across Nigeria, just recently in September 2014 a new constructed building not older than two years collapsed in the city of Lagos Nigeria claiming lives of over 150 South Africans and over 50 Nigerians. The economic significance of this casualty to the nation in terms of lives and property has been of great financial loss to the construction and real estate industry, the effect of this disaster to Nigeria as a Nation is not limited to the economic factors alone but also have a social impact on the urban fabric of the environment (Onyemachi, 2005).

The issue of buildings collapse has become a general concern to people all around Nigeria (Ayedun ,2012). For some times now, scholars all around the globe have been carrying out investigation and suggesting recommendation in order to find solutions to various related disaster in many parts of the world . Investigation has shown that they are three major causes of building collapse. The first cause is by natural disaster, an example is the occurrence of earth quake, tsunami, hurricane, landslide, volcanicity etc. The second cause is a man-made factor which could be a negligence by property owners, poor construction method, poor design, involvement of non-professional, poor supervisions, substandard material, corruption, un approved building plans etc. The third cause is by a debilitated building. So far the only cases of natural disasters attributed to the causes of building collapse in Nigeria is rainstorm, other causes have always been recorded as a result of man-made disaster (Amadi, Eze, Igwe, Okunola & Okoye, 2012).

Rotimi (2012) states that Collapse of building has a negative significance on sustainable development in Nigeria. One of the main source or element of economic increase is capital accumulation, capital accumulation refers to the growth in capital stock of a nation ,which may be derive from any or a combination of the following asset – new buildings ,factories and industries, machinery and equipment, which makes it possible for outstanding national input to be realized. The occurrence of the collapse in Nigeria is an economic waste which has a negative impact to the development of Nigeria.

A nations growth is mostly measured by the stability of the construction and building industry of its economy (Ayuba, 2012).


The area of study is Lagos state, Lagos state is the former state capital of Nigeria, Lagos state is located in the south western part of the country. Its approximate on longitude 2° 42’E and3° 22’E and between 6° 22’E , 6° 42’N latitude, it stretches along the guinea coast of the Atlantic ocean. In terms of land area, Lagos is the smallest in Nigeria but in terms of population , Lagos is the second most populated state in Nigeria, according to statistics (2012) over 17 million people reside in Lagos, Lagos state is one of the major cities in Nigeria and Africa, the most economically important state and center of attraction in Nigeria. A part from the economic importance of Lagos state, it also has the highest number of collapse building recorded in the history of Nigeria.

1.3. Definition of terms

Tauheed (2007) states that the provision of shelter for man and his daily activities in a surrounding is referred as building structures, a covered structure erected for the aim of storage and depository, undergoing daily hustle and place of residence or abode can be construe as building. Shelter is one of the basic demands for everyman and every community, Shelter is crucial as it assist to elevate and cultivate social well-being and good condition of human activity. Its importance stretches even more than health benefits but also to the growth of a nation’s economy (Ayuba, 2012).

Collapse stating from the dictionary is the act of falling down as a result of loose from support, to suddenly loos strength and cease to perform main objective or function.

Harris (2005) attributes collapse as a mechanical failure. A complete inadequacy and failure is a state of collapse, to that end a collapse building structure can be speculated as an unsafe building. Collapse building can be define as the loss of

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