Home > Health essays > Effective removal of dental plaque

Essay: Effective removal of dental plaque

Essay details and download:

  • Subject area(s): Health essays
  • Reading time: 2 minutes
  • Price: Free download
  • Published: 17 October 2015*
  • File format: Text
  • Words: 568 (approx)
  • Number of pages: 3 (approx)

Text preview of this essay:

This page of the essay has 568 words. Download the full version above.

Effective removal of dental plaque is essential to dental and periodontal health throughout one’s lifetime (Albandar and Tinoco, 2002; L??e, 2000). Dental professionals generally agree that tooth-brushing, as a mechanical measure for removing dental plaque, is the most appropriate and effective oral hygiene habit (Vehkalahti and Widstr??m, 2004; L??e, 2000; Honkala, 1993).
A number of studies have been performed to compare the different manual brushing techniques (Agerbolm, 1991; Bergenbolz et al., 1984). It is, however, difficult to assess and compare the various brushing techniques, due to the variations in study plan and examination measures. However, no technique of tooth-brushing has been revealed to be obviously better than others, and that provided the particular brushing strokes are repeated on all accessible tooth surfaces, and if adequate time and care are used, it is possible to obtain a rational degree of cleanliness (L??e, 2000). The choice of the type of technique must be made in relation to the characteristics of the individuals such as age and periodontal status.
Numerous clinical trials have compared the effectiveness of manual and powered toothbrushes for their effectiveness in improving dental health. Recent Systematic Reviews by the Cochrane Oral Health Group (Robinson et al., 2005) have shown powered toothbrushes with an oscillating rotating action are more effective than manual toothbrushes in reducing plaque and gingivitis; other types of powered toothbrushes produce less steady reductions in plaque and gingivitis than manual brushes (Davies, 2006).
A tooth-brushing frequency of twice a day has been the commonly accepted recommendation, brushing the whole dentition after breakfast and before going to bed (Pine et al., 2000; Honkala, 1993). In Europe and North America, 18% to 86% of adolescents report twice-daily tooth-brushing, with significant gender differences, girls brushing more frequently than boys (Maes and Honkala, 2006), whereas in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, in countries such as Jordan, Saudi Arabia, and Sudan, corresponding percentages range from 33% to 62% (Darout et al., 2005; Farsi et al., 2004; Rajab et al., 2002). In Iran, 44% of Iranian 12-year-olds brush their teeth at least once daily (Oral Health Situation of Iranian Children, 2000).
1.2.12 Determinants of tooth-brushing
The association between socio-demographic factors and oral health, including oral health behavior, has been investigated in many studies. Dental health habits in children and young.
1.3 History of dental caries
History of dental caries goes back to centuries and today millions of people are affected from dental caries. Dental caries is an infectious disease of the teeth in which there is the demineralization of hard tissues of the teeth (enamel, dentin, and cementum) eventually leading to cavitations. The lesion only occurs if there is a sustainable environment present in the oral cavity. Collection of bacteria especially cariogenic streptococcus mutants, diet and oral hygiene and time, play an important role in carious lesion (Roberson TM. 2002).However dental caries is not a typical classical infectious disease, it is rather a multifactorial disease where several risk factors are involved. It occurs because of the imbalance that is created in oral environment and association of other external factors(Fejerskov O 2004).Dental plaque which is a gelatinous mass forms from the diet, adheres to the tooth surface with bacteria embedded in it. At the early stage of dental caries, the cavitation formed is initially asymptomatic and cannot be seen from the naked eye and pain from the affected only occurs if it progress to the chronic stage and stimulate the dental pulp. The lesion can be arrested if certain preventive measures are taken against the formation of dental caries (Pickard’s 2003).

...(download the rest of the essay above)

About this essay:

If you use part of this page in your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows:

Essay Sauce, Effective removal of dental plaque. Available from:<https://www.essaysauce.com/health-essays/essay-effective-removal-of-dental-plaque/> [Accessed 20-06-24].

These Health essays have been submitted to us by students in order to help you with your studies.

* This essay may have been previously published on Essay.uk.com at an earlier date.