Medicinal Chemistry

Introduction The revolution of medicinal chemistry had occurred recently. A much better understanding of how the body works- including every organ in the body- at a cellular and the molecular level occurred as a result of the rapid advance in the biological sciences. In any drug design, there are two major considerations that must be … Read more

Can E. arvense extract work against CPA?

Abstract In the present study, we evaluated the potential of the plant E. arvense against the cytotoxic and mutagenic effects induced by cyclophosphamide (chemotherapeutic agent) in the bone marrow cells of mice using the CA and MI in vivo as the biomarkers. The study was performed following 3 protocols: pre-treatment, simultaneous treatment and post-treatment with … Read more

Personalised medicine for cancer

Introduction Mutations that are occured at oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes causes genomic alteration. These genomic alterations play a key roles to occur formation, progressing and metastasis of cancer. To understand developing and progressing of cancer mechanism and also enhancing personalized cancer treatments are both associated with analyzing and distinguishing of all genomic alteration in … Read more

The role of the dioxegenase Jumonji C domain-containing Protein 6 in Vaccinia virus reproduction

Introduction. Jumonji C domain-containing protein 6 (Jmjd6) belongs to a superfamily of oxygenases which rely on the presence of non-haem iron (Fe(II)) and 2-oxogluatarate for their function. The Jmjd6 gene was initially believed to be involved in engulfment of apoptotic cells as it was initially thought to encode a phosphatidylserine receptor however this is now … Read more

Microbiota in viral infections: an immunity booster or buster?

Abstract: Microbiota is basically an ecological community comprised of commensal, pathogenic and symbiotic microorganisms providing protection against incoming bacterial pathogens. They play a dominant role in modulation of host health by contributing to immunologic, hormonal and metabolic homeostasis. The immune system-microbiota interactions have a symbiotic relationship where microbiota plays an important role in the induction, … Read more

The application of genetic engineering to medicine

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 WHAT IS GENETIC ENGINEERING? Genetic engineering or genetic modification is the alteration or modification of an organism’s genome using modern DNA technology (Biotechnology). It usually involves the introduction of foreign DNA or synthetic genes into the organism; the new resulting organism is often referred to as transgenic and or genetically modified … Read more

Effect of maslinic acid on the immune function of liver (Research Proposal)

Introduction Maslinic acid, also known as crategolic acid or (2α, 3β)-2, 3-dihydroxyolean-12-en-28-oic acid is a pentacyclic triterpene widely spread in the plant kingdom. We examine the potential of one group of compounds called triterpenes, derived from traditional medicine and diet for their ability to suppress inflammatory pathways. In the last decades, and in response to … Read more

Oral leukoplakia (OL)

Introduction Oral leukoplakia (OL) is the most common potentially malignant disorder of the oral mucosa. [1] Leukoplakia may occur anywhere on the oral mucosa and its prevalence varies from 0.2% to 5.2% of the Indian population. [2] The tobacco chewing habit both in smoking and smokeless form is the most common cause for oral leukoplakia. … Read more

The effect of charge on polymersomal drug delivery systems

1.0 Introduction In recent years, new APIs have increasingly reduced in solubility and is estimated that approximately 70% of new chemical products possess low solubility in both aqueous and organic environments.1 This has led to one of the main confronts of the pharmaceutical industry, proving that effective drug delivery systems are as essential as pharmacodynamics … Read more

Mos kinase

INTRODUCTION: 1.1 ABOUT MOS KINASE: Mutation in a single cells causes cancer over a period of time in a person’s life. The genes that play a role in causing cancer are: a) tumor suppressor genes b) proto oncogenes Mos is a proto oncogene that is responsible for coding the serine/threonine kinase. In 1980 ,the transforming … Read more

Treating Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD)

Introduction Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a severe, genetic, degenerative muscle disease that affects young males. It the most common dystrophinopathy, with an incidence of 1 in 3,500-5,000 live male births [1] and a prevalence of 4.8 in 100,000 males worldwide [2]. DMD is an X-linked recessive disease caused by a mutation in chromosome Xp21 … Read more

In-vitro Enhancement of External Beam Radiotherapy in Normoxic and Hypoxic Environments Using Gold Nanoparticles

Abstract Radiation therapy, while a functional means of cancer treatment is flawed for its ineffectiveness in the hypoxic environment of solid tumor cells. Current research seeks to design a more effective and selective means of cancer cell targeting in hypoxic environments through nanoparticle aided radiotherapy. This study examines the effects of infusing gold nanoparticles less … Read more

p53 tumor supression

Abstract p53 as a tumor suppressor, assumes a crucial part in tumor suppression. The most generally mutated gene in cancer is TP53. As a transcription factor, p53 for the most part applies its part in tumor suppression through transcriptional control of its downstream target genes. Therefore, p53 and its objective genes structure a complex p53 … Read more

Has the cost of R & D impacted vaccine development for Covid-19?

Introduction This report will be investigating and trying to answer the question of: ‘To what extent have the cost requirements of R&D, structure of the industry and government subsidy affected firms in the pharmaceutical industry in developing vaccines for Covid-19?’. The past two years have been very unpredictable for the pharmaceutical industry regarding the breakout … Read more

Writing essays on medicine

The field of medicine is constantly evolving, and there are many themes, topics, and points that students can consider when writing an essay on this topic. Here are some important ones to consider:

  • The impact of emerging technologies on medicine, such as telemedicine, wearable technology, and artificial intelligence.
  • The role of personalized medicine in improving patient outcomes and reducing healthcare costs.
  • The ethical and legal issues surrounding genetic testing and gene editing.
  • The importance of mental health and its impact on physical health.
  • The challenges of addressing health disparities and inequities, including the impact of social determinants of health.
  • The impact of climate change on public health, including the spread of infectious diseases, air pollution, and natural disasters.
  • The role of social media and digital health in patient education and advocacy.
  • The importance of healthcare policy and reform in improving access to care and reducing healthcare costs.
  • The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the healthcare industry and public health.
  • The future of healthcare and medicine, including emerging trends and technologies.

When writing an essay on this topic, students should choose a specific aspect of medicine that interests them and focus on developing a clear thesis statement that addresses a particular issue or question. They should also provide evidence to support their arguments, draw on relevant academic sources, and consider the perspectives of different stakeholders, including healthcare providers, patients, policymakers, and researchers.