Environmental ethics – transformative value

Many different environmental scientists have proposed different potential foundations for environmental ethics. Bryan Norton, in particular, proposes the idea of transformative value, which offers respectable and defensible approaches to protecting species and ecosystems. Transformative value has the ability to sort human demand values in a way that provides environmentalists a solid way to not only … Read more

Thomas Hobbes’ ​Leviathan​

Thomas Hobbes’ ​Leviathan​ marks the genesis of the artificial political entity that is the Hobbesian commonwealth, with a social covenant as its efficient cause. Hobbes claims that this all-powerful commonwealth that he baptizes the Leviathan (as an allusion to the biblical beast) is the ultimate escape from a state where people have unlimited rights, but … Read more

Absolute monarchy/Peoples’ participation in Government

Question 1 – Explain Filmer’s and Hobbes’ arguments for absolute monarchy – why should we have monarchies, and why should they be given absolute power? What are Locke’s arguments against absolutism? [600 words] Robert Filmer and Thomas Hobbes were two of the biggest proponents for absolute monarchy of their generation. While both were in favor … Read more

Idealism and realism – Plato, Tocqueville, Aquinas, Machiavelli, Locke

When reflecting on premodern political thought and modern political thought, the biggest difference between the two is the idea of who is fit to lead and the concept of idealism versus realism. This is evident in how the philosophers view the rights of the everyday people within society. Overtime the philosophers have leaned farther away … Read more

Moral Universalism and other theories

Moral Relativism Moral relativism is a theory that deals with morals being relative to your culture. An example of this is women showing skin in some middle-eastern countries. In their culture relative to them, this is horrible and unimaginable. In America (our culture) it is not out of the norm to see a girl or … Read more

Would Socrates would be open to the possibility of civil disobedience?

Examine the Apology and Crito and determine whether Socrates would be open to the possibility of civil disobedience as it is characterized by MLK in his Letter from Birmingham Jail. Since the very formation of modern human civilization, mankind has continuously broke new boundaries in the fields of science, mathematics, medicine, technology, and more. From … Read more

John Searle’s Chinese room & Systems / Robot / Brain Simulator Reply

In this essay, I will be outlining John Searle’s Chinese room thought experiment. Further, I will address the three major objections raised to his argument labeled the Systems Reply, Robot Reply, and Brain Simulator Reply. After addressing and carefully discussing these, I will discuss Searle’s replies to these objections and state whether or not I … Read more

Pinker’s response to the “Chinese room” argument

John Searle’s famous “Chinese Room” argument that was discussed in Chapter 2 of How the Mind Works, was one of the most interesting arguments to display claims of artificial intelligence. Basically the claim as that computers can and will at least try to master the act of thinking. The argument was based upon how Searle … Read more