Question.1 Write an essay on the common features of Confucian value systems as found in the three East Asian countries (give the name of the countries). The essay must have an introduction to the region of East Asia, origin of the philosophy with a background and its relevance in traditional and modern context?
Confucianism is an ethical and philosophical system, which is a set of teaching by the great Chinese philosopher Confucius. It is the tradition culture of Chinese culture as well as a ideological system created by Confucius, based on the traditional culture of the Xia, Shang, Zhou Dynasties. It has dominated a feudal society that in essence has lasted 2000 years and for that reasons its influence over the history, social structure and the people of china cannot be overlooked.
Some says that Confucianism is not a religion, since there is not a religion, since there are no Confucian deities and no teachings about the afterlife. Confucius himself was a staunch supporter of ritual, however, and for many centuries there were state rituals associated with Confucianism.
Debated during the Warring States period and forbidden during the short-lived QIN DYNASTY, Confucianism was chosen by EMPEROR WU OF HAN for use as a political system to govern the Chinese state. Despite its loss of influence during the TANG DYNASTY, Confucianist doctrine remained a mainstream Chinese orthodoxy for two millennia until the 20th century, when it was attacked by the radical Chinese thinkers as a vanguard of a pre -modern system and an obstacle to china’s modernization, eventually culminating in its repression during the cultural revolution in the peoples republic of china. After the end of the Cultural Revolution, Confucianism was revived in Mainland China and both interest in and debate about Confucianism have surged.
The cultures most strongly influenced by Confucianism include those of China, Japan and Korea. Korean Confucianism, one of the most substantial influences in Korean intellectual history, was introduced through the cultural exchange with China. On the other hand, while Confucianism was introduced as both a philosophy and as a ritual tradition in Japan, the latter did not become popular in Japan.
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