Discourses of children, childhood and care / influence on policies and practices

A critical analysis of past and current discourses of children, childhood and care and a review of how these discourses might influence policies and practices in my setting In this essay, I will provide a critical analysis of some past and current discourses of children, childhood and care, and attempt to review how these discourses … Read more

Applying theories of John Bowlby / Donald Winnicott / Daniel Stern to observational case study

DANIEL STERN Daniel Stern spent his career examining how the infant develops a sense of self and he did this by bringing together two concepts: The observed infant is a result of clinical observations made between mother and baby, recorded and analysed by Stern and others. The clinical infant is a reconstruction of an adult’s … Read more

Compare and contrast Freud’s psychoanalytic theory and Erikson’s neo-analytic theory

Introduction This essay will look and focus on the two theories namely theory by Freud which is the psychoanalytic theory and theory by Erikson which is the neo-analytic theory. This essay will compare and contrast the theories and focus on the similarities and the differences between the two theories. Furthermore this essay will focus on … Read more

Family integration and child development

Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) specifically incorporates an holistic approach to education to develop the whole child, ‘children learn best when they are healthy, safe and secure, when their individual needs are met, and when they have positive relationships with the adults caring for them’ (2014, pg. 16). Early Help Assessments (EHA) have replaced CAF with … Read more

Psychological perspectives on learning

A major learning theory is the psychological perspective Behaviourism. Work within this perspective was first carried out in the early part of the 20th century (Scales, 2008, p.58) Behaviourism is concerned with observable changes in behaviour which can be scientifically measured. This perspective is a comparative approach which suggests human learning is by association and … Read more

Critically evaluate the cycle of human development and the significance of diversity in relation to life stages and transitions.

Human Development can be defined as “the scientific study of age related changes in behaviour, thinking, emotion and personality” (Boyd & Bee 2006, p 3). There are many different theories and thus, debates, behind the various stages of human development over the lifespan, as it is rich in complexity. A review of the literature in … Read more

Critically evaluate and discuss the claim that phonological awareness and decoding skills are necessary but not sufficient in becoming a skilled reader.

Critically evaluate and discuss the claim that phonological awareness and decoding skills are necessary but not sufficient in becoming a skilled reader. Introduction: Reading is the ability to decode and understand the printed information. Though for most typically developed people reading is an effortless ability, it involves a range of sophisticated cognitive skills and processes, … Read more

Comparison of Piaget and Vygotzky’s theories on cognitive development

Cognition is the process involved in thinking and mental activity, such as attention, memory and problem solving. In this essay on cognitive development I will compare and contrast the theories of Piaget and Vygotsky, who were both influential in forming a more scientific approach to analysing the cognitive development process of the child active construction … Read more

Discuss ways that practitioners can support children’s emergent literacy development.

D1- Discuss ways that practitioners can support children’s emergent literacy development. Emergent literacy is the early stages of children’s speech and language reading and writing development. A child’s first stage of speech is the child making cooing and gurgling sounds, although the child is not saying any words gurgling, cooing and babbling is one of … Read more

How current social policy/legislation underpins social work with children/families (Youth Justice)

Discuss how current social policy and legislation underpin social work with children and families when looking at Youth Justice. To start this essay I will firstly define what youth justice is, before moving on to explain the historical background of youth justice in Scotland. This essay will be divided into three sections; the first two … Read more

Reflective account: working with children placed in residential services due to complex health needs

SVQ Reflective Account My Workplace Currently I work with Capability Scotland at Stanmore House Residential Bungalows. Typically, I work with children aged between 5-19 who have been placed in residential services due to complex health needs and parents may have opted to place their child within a residential service or they have been placed with … Read more

Does collaborative/multi-agency working provide a perfect support system for children/their families?

The Plowden Report surveyed 3,000 children in primary schools in 1967, it showed across the board that there was a complete lack of parental involvement which could potentially be one of the main reasons why children were failing at school (Baker, 2003). When looking at the needs of the child, and ability to learn it … Read more

Multi agency – every child matters

Introduction Multi-Agency has been defined as ‘Involving cooperation between several organizations, especially in crime prevention, social welfare programmes, or research. (Oxford dictionaries, 2018) Multi-agency working has been used within practice since the middle of the nineteenth century, which involved social workers collaborating together to reduce poverty in England. (Cheminais, 2009). In current years, multi-agency working … Read more

Explain different theories and frameworks of child and young person development

Cognitive Development Theory Piaget Piaget observed children doing a series of simple but in genius tests to reveal different cognitive abilities. He found that children are merely less competent thinkers than adult and he showed that young children think in strikingly different ways compared to adults. According to Piaget children are born with a very … Read more

Children’s human rights in an educational context for LGBTI

“Children and young people in Scotland want a Scotland that is safe, that treats them fairly, where they are respected and where they are included” Tam Baillie (Education Scotland Speech 2012) This essay will look at issues surrounding children’s human rights in an educational context, for the minority group known as LGBT(I). LGBTI stands for … Read more

Compare and Contrast the Work and Ideas of three early years educators/curricular approaches

Prior to the 18th century children were largely regarded as mini adults, and no special provision was made for them. Since then however, attitudes towards children have slowly changed and we now recognise the importance of play in a child’s development. cal1966, please do not redistribute this essay. We work very hard to create this website, … Read more

Childhood obesity

DEFINITION: Obesity occurs when more calories are consumed than are expended over time. Children < 2 years age: Obesity is defined based on weight for length for children <2 years age. The sex-specific weight for supine length ≥97.7th percentile on the World Health Organization (WHO) charts (1) is defined as Obesity. Children > 2 years: … Read more

Adopted children diagnosis with ADHD

Evidence suggests adopted children are more likely to be diagnosed with Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) compared to non-adopted children. This difference exists for a number of reasons. The first concerns the risky sexual behaviour displayed by young adults with ADHD. This risky sexual behaviour may lead to unwanted pregnancies, ending with termination or adoption. … Read more

Modern theories of play

Research into early childhood development has widely focused on role of play towards the development of children. Developmental and psychological theories have suggested play to be one of many sources that influence language, social, cognitive and emotional development in children (Piaget, 1961; Vygotsky, 1978). Ever since, numerous researches consisting of varying methodological designs have investigated … Read more

Children in foster care

As of September 2018, there was 24,235 children in the state of Florida residing in out of home care. Out-of-home care are placements that are outside of a parental home and usually involve court involvement, these placements can be with relatives, non-relatives, group homes, foster homes and residential treatment centers. (“Children In Out-of-Home Care- Statewide”, … Read more

Ingigenous Children sent to Residential Schools Across Canada

Thousands of indigenous children were removed from their homes and sent to residential schools across Canada. Residential schools were used as a means to eliminate all aspects of Indigenous culture. By enforcing mandatory enrollment into government funded facilities run by the church, the government hoped to assimilate the indigenous people. Learning to communicate in English … Read more