White Feminists and Race in the Women’s Liberation Movement

To what extent was the WLM a racially exclusive movement which failed to engage with issues of race? Main question: ‘The desire for equality, the struggle for social justice and the vision of universal sisterhood was the consuming unidirectional project of white (socialist) feminism throughout the 1970s and early 1980s.’ To what extent is this … Read more

Politics, Race and the Early WLM: An Education

In 1984, Valerie Amos and Pratibha Parmar wrote, ‘white, mainstream feminist theory, be it from the socialist feminist or radical feminist perspective, does not speak to the experiences of Black women and where it attempts to do so it is often from a racist perspective and reasoning.’ This has become the general consensus within the … Read more

Intersectionalism in novels of the Black Women’s Literary Renaissance (1970-2000); The Color Purple and Beloved

‘I am a feminist, and what that means to me is much the same as the meaning of the fact that I am Black: it means that I must undertake to love myself and to respect myself as though my very life depends upon self-love and self-respect.’ ‘ June Jordan The position of black American … Read more

Women in Islam/feminism

Islam, heavenly admission is a monotheistic religion of spiritual fact, internal well-lit, of love, of human brotherhood and social fairness. Open to all races and all peoples without distinction, to men and women all countries and all ages, whatever the degree of their knowledge and the rank of their fortune. It implies faith in a … Read more


Feminists are all about breaking the gender roles that society has set in place for us. These roles include having a man as the provider of the family and the woman as a delicate flower that needs to be provided for. Feminists would rather be independent than to have to rely on a man. But … Read more

Feminism and ‘Burnt Shadows’ by Kamaila Shamsie

Introduction This essay consists of brief and critical introduction to the study, and firstly it introduces the novelist, secondly, the brief background of the study, major characters, plot and themes of novel. 1.1 Introduction to Burnt Shadows Novel Kamaila Shamsie, one of the well known literary figures of present time is very much famous for … Read more