Early twenties of, British cities face problems brought about by industrial development, especially fear Dutch British architect conceived in 1898 to establish a new generation of municipal green areas has provided around outside the town, known as the “garden city.” The British colony of Hong Kong was affected by the introduction of this development in 1920. Being affected by the British planning concepts, to follow “garden city” model of residential areas in the twenties appear in Kowloon Tong.  Later, the British new towns after repeated improvements in the design and planning, provide a lot of inspiration for the future development of new towns in Hong Kong.
The late 1940s, a large number of residents (from China) flooding into Hong Kong crowded urban living environment. At that time, Hong Kong’s government-appointed British architect planner Patrizi. Asia overstating than Sir noted that Hong Kong must ultimately development of new towns, in order to accommodate the rapid increase in population. In 1953, Shek Kip Mei squatter area fires occur, the government public housing to house the victims. This plan lays government’s determination to develop a successful large-scale housing program. Hong Kong’s new towns planned in 1960 to begin planning early 1970s launched the construction project.
Hong Kong’s new towns TDD (now merged to CEDD) is responsible for planning and development. New Town Development plans to launch when the target is first developed in three new towns, in order to provide 180 million homes. Hong Kong’s population was about 4.2 million, with a current population has reached 7 million, is expected by 2016, the population will increase to 8,000,000. The Hong Kong Government is now using the population figures for the budget planning purposes.
Hong Kong has always been committed to maintaining its leadership position in the development of industrial and commercial center and an international city, and to achieve this goal, land and housing development and the constant demand for space and local economic growth necessary to cooperate with each other. New Town, then as a tool for urban and economic development, the government’s plan to slowly build open, to accommodate dispersed overcrowded urban population that have had enough space development, and for the heavy industry bring more land for development. “Self-sufficiency” and “balanced development” is the government planning and development of Hong Kong’s new towns goals. The former refers to a new town in housing, employment, education, recreation and other community facilities can meet the basic needs of their residents, thereby reducing its dependence on pressure and Employment old community center; the latter refers to the established people should be made a community with a variety of socio-economic background and skills constitute a harmonious society. However, the original idea of self-sufficiency community model did not achieve great success, a lot of new town residents in employment and other needs of life is still dependent on the city, also caused traffic and other social issues.
Nine new towns in accordance with the existing development time of about can be divided into four generations: the first three new town development project in Tsuen Wan, Sha Tin and Tuen Mun in the early 1970s to start; the second generation of Tai Po, Fanling / Sheung Shui and Yuen Long and then start construction in the late 1970s; the third generation of the Tseung Kwan O, Tin Shui Wai and Ma On Shan extension Shatin part of development projects are launched in the 1980s; and the last North Lantau New Town (Tung Chung and Tai Ho) in the in the early 1990s began to develop. Overall projected population of about four million of these new towns. At present, about 300 million people live in these areas have been developed and the nearby towns.
At present, the government of the northeast New Territories Fanling North, Kwu Tung North and Hung Shui Kiu Northwest Territories designated as development areas, and launched a series of public consultation in the future, if necessary, will expand the development of these areas.
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