Effectiveness of Bullying Literature Project on social-emotional assets & behavior outcomes

Synopsis A study was conducted at two elementary schools to know how effective the Bullying Literature Project was on the social-emotional assets and behavior outcomes. The authors report students who have some type of involvement with bullying can affect student academically and can create potential effects like violent or criminal involvement later in life. The … Read more

Theory of knowledge

“The production of knowledge is always a collaborative task and never solely a product of the individual.” Discuss this statement with reference to two areas of knowledge. From their childhood, people have always thought projects and tasks will be easier and more accurate if they work with someone else or have it checked by others. … Read more

Freud’s “Dora”

Freud starts the book Dora with his first section “Prefatory Remarks.” This section discusses his research methods for the case we are about to look at and any problems people may see with his take. Freud continues on by talking about his duties for toward the patient but also toward science. He thinks it’s important … Read more

Coping in young adults

Abstract A scoping review was orchestrated to provide a general overview of coping in young adults. This type of review was selected for this paper as it allows for broad questions with the inquiry of the topic in related literature. This paper focuses on exploring the question of how coping mechanisms influence health of young … Read more

The usage of humor in therapeutic practice

The present report discusses the usage of humor in the therapeutic practice. Various risks and benefits are given and further dissected to determine if humor in therapy is a viable technique that requires additional empirical research. In addition, the characteristics of both the client and the therapist are presented to determine what traits are necessary … Read more

An experimental investigation into the influence of visual words compared to visual images on short-term memory recall

Introduction Psychology is the scientific study of the mind and its functions and the mental processes. Memory is a function of the brain which is studied in depth by Psychologists, looking into the function of the brain in which information is interpreted, encoded, stored and retained until it is needed. In psychology, memory is broken … Read more

Multiple organizational hybrid identities (methodology)

While research on multiple individual identities has been thoroughly conducted in the psychological and sociological spheres, inquiry into multiple organizational “hybrid” identities has occurred relatively less often in organizational literature. The existence of multiple organizational identities is indeed recognized and its management is seen as a vital organizational function, however actual investigation into how the … Read more

Compare and contrast Freud’s psychoanalytic theory and Erikson’s neo-analytic theory

Introduction This essay will look and focus on the two theories namely theory by Freud which is the psychoanalytic theory and theory by Erikson which is the neo-analytic theory. This essay will compare and contrast the theories and focus on the similarities and the differences between the two theories. Furthermore this essay will focus on … Read more

Psychological perspectives on learning

A major learning theory is the psychological perspective Behaviourism. Work within this perspective was first carried out in the early part of the 20th century (Scales, 2008, p.58) Behaviourism is concerned with observable changes in behaviour which can be scientifically measured. This perspective is a comparative approach which suggests human learning is by association and … Read more

Indirect attitude measures to evaluate implicit attitudes

Indirect attitude measures evaluate implicit attitudes – they assess unconscious mental associations between different concepts, using participants’ performance on experimental paradigms, most often speed categorisation tests. They were created to overcome the shortcomings of direct measures, which are a way of assessing attitudes directly – that is, a participant reports their own attitudes consciously, for … Read more

Critically evaluate the cycle of human development and the significance of diversity in relation to life stages and transitions.

Human Development can be defined as “the scientific study of age related changes in behaviour, thinking, emotion and personality” (Boyd & Bee 2006, p 3). There are many different theories and thus, debates, behind the various stages of human development over the lifespan, as it is rich in complexity. A review of the literature in … Read more

Comparison of Piaget and Vygotzky’s theories on cognitive development

Cognition is the process involved in thinking and mental activity, such as attention, memory and problem solving. In this essay on cognitive development I will compare and contrast the theories of Piaget and Vygotsky, who were both influential in forming a more scientific approach to analysing the cognitive development process of the child active construction … Read more

Rationale in the paradigm of research used in Counselling

In this essay I will explain the rationale involved in the paradigm of research used in Counselling. Followed by evaluating the research methods and applying to counselling studies. I shall then plan to undertake research within BACP ethical boundaries. Finally, I will design a small scale research project, applying appropriate research techniques to an are … Read more

Explain different theories and frameworks of child and young person development

Cognitive Development Theory Piaget Piaget observed children doing a series of simple but in genius tests to reveal different cognitive abilities. He found that children are merely less competent thinkers than adult and he showed that young children think in strikingly different ways compared to adults. According to Piaget children are born with a very … Read more

Critically Evaluate Freud’s Theory (dream function)

Critically Evaluate Freud’s Theory Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) he was Jewish and educated in Vienna, where he trained in medicine. Freud was the founder of psychoanalysis. He was the first psychologist to recognise the importance of the conscious and unconscious mind. His theory was psychoanalysis. The value and validity of his theory has been greatly questioned, … Read more

Critically evaluate the theoretical and clinical underpinnings of the SPICC model

INTRODUCTION The aim of this essay is to critically evaluate the theoretical and clinical underpinnings of the SPICC model. The learner will include a comprehensive analysis of the manner in which the contained models, Client-Centred, Gestalt, Narrative, Cognitive Behaviour Therapy and Behavioural Therapy relate to the process of therapy. The learner will include an in-depth … Read more

Juvenile Delinquency: Choice Or Trait

Juvenile delinquency is a relatively new concept that law enforcement and civilian organizations are attempting to understand and maintain control of. There are a number of successful programs as well as unsuccessful programs that have been implemented over the years to aid and prevent juvenile delinquency. Delinquency is a universal language among youths and is … Read more

How to write a psychology essay

Writing a psychology essay

Writing a psychology essay is similar to writing any other essay requiring planning, intensive research, understanding the topic, and research analysis before beginning to write the essay.

It is different from other essays in the sense that, a psychology essay questions about your understanding on a situation or reaction. For example, a psychology essay may question your understanding on the role that genetics play in collaboration with various environmental issues, which relate to schizophrenia’s two hit theory. The essay may specifically require you to relate your discussion on neurological antecedents, which are related to schizophrenia.

In any psychology essay, an individual first conducts research on the topic or question, and outlines the essay before proceeding to write the final essay. When the essay is complete, the following step involves reviewing the essay, and proofreading it. This guide will discuss how psychology essays differ from other types of essays, and provide a guide on how to write them. It is advisable that the opening paragraph captures the attention of your reader, and directs them to the topic of your essay. A good way to do this is by using facts, and statistics relating to the discussion of the essay.

Planning how to write a psychology essay

It is important to plan your essay carefully before starting it. Avoid looking at the key words and topic in a hurry, and begin writing the essay without planning. Suppose you are required to write an essay about neurological antecedents, which is related to schizophrenia, do not just write about antecedents and schizophrenia because the essay will not be focused on the main assignment. Planning gives you a good opportunity to organize yourself how you will attack the essay topic, the time you need to allocate for research, and what you need to allocate for writing the essay.

Research and analysis

Learning how to write a psychology essay involves a lot of research and analysis. The best place to start a topic research is in a University library with an academic database. Many university libraries provide access to various psychology databases, such as PSYCInfo and PSYCHNET Using these libraries based databases over the internet can provide you with relevant information through academic websites like http://www.allpsych.com, and http://scholar.google.com. These websites are both professional journals , and publish peer reviewed psychological articles. The internet provides an excellent place to conduct research by accessing the various professional association sites, which contain links to different sites containing related information.

In the writing stage, indicating references is easier when you highlight the phrases from a journal article. It is easier to remember the information you have highlighted when organizing the essay. This makes the information available including the reference.

Outlining the essay

Prolific writers can decide to avoid this part. An outline preparation is important in college essays because it offers a guide in writing the essay, and assists in organizing the essay. Preparing an outline helps you remain focused on the topic. Preparing an outline ensures that every important area of the essay is discussed and relevant information is used to support the arguments presented. An outline well prepared makes the work easy for you in writing the rest of the article by filling additional details from the reference on the various supporting points outlined.

Writing the essay

An essay’s flow is as important as its outline, which assists you to write the essay fast. The following essay areas may be used using or without subheadings.

I. Introduction

It is characterized by information, which captures the attention of a reader using figures, facts, and describes the background of the problem including the essay’s objective. For example, in a study to identify depression in various adoptive parents, signs and symptoms are similar to those for post-partum depression in mothers who have given birth although there is an insufficient record about this issue.

II. Research question

A research question should be identified after stating the topic area. A research essay or literature essay requires only the research questions. In a quantitative essay, a hypothesis on the essay is stated.

III. Literature review

This section of your psychology essay is intended to offer an insight into the research question using evidence presented in the various scholarly literatures. In the essay, your presentation is required to be followed by literature review in a critical analysis format.

IV. Conclusion

This section should summarize everything discussed in the essay, and to ensure that the reader does not have any questions, which need clarification. A good conclusion does not leave the reader seeking more information from the essay. Effective conclusions draw a reader’s attention using words like, “In conclusion…” which direct the reader to the concluding remarks.

Many psychology essays use the APA format. Another format commonly used is the Harvard style. It is important to take note of the paper formatting instructions because instructors deduct points when the correct paper format is not followed.

After you complete writing the essay, it is important that you proofread it to correct spellings, and grammar mistakes in the essay. Use an updated grammar and spell check software to check for all grammatical mistakes.

We hope you gained a lot from reading our free ‘how to write a psychology essay’ guide.