Modernism in Architecture began in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. It has made a movement that revolutionized the shape of our environment. The evolution of modern architecture has started just after the evolution of building materials in 19th century and it has inspired many architects to take a chance of a new way of thinking.
An architect Reese Rowland said: ‘Architecture is the only art form that is functional.’ thats why it has such a powerful impact on our lives. Its where we live, where we work and thats how we can express our personalities and values. All of our relationships, our dreams and memories are surrounded by the shapes of architecture.The buildings started to have a completely different meaning in early 30s and began to express not only the outside but also the inside of the building.
The basics in architectural design before and after the modernism, has always been the same such as space making, space defining or looking how the light falls within the space. The only thing that has changed was the use and the connection of materials. In late 18th century when the High Baroque style appeard it was very popular for architects to use smooth, light-coloured surfaces, occasionally curved, and extensive areas of glass (windows and mirrors). Then the modernism started, and the look of roof design became flat and simple. There were also some changes in the material category. Glass towers, steel frames or reinforced concrete became to be the main aspects of architectural life.
One of the most famous buildings in 20th century, modern architecture was the Bauhaus placed in Germany. It was designed by an architect called Walter Adolf Georg Gropius in 1919. ‘Gropius was the first to state question in modern terms. The conflict had arisen because of the warring possibilities of the quality of craftsmanship and the quantity made possible by industry’.
The Bauhaus was mainly used for exhibitions, concerts and theatrical performences but was also used for educational purposes. ‘In the first year, students learnt the basic elements and principles of design,colour theory, plus experimented with a range of materials and processes’. Bauhas inspired architects from other countries and continents to create a place where people would share with their similar interests and knowledge. This was a perfect place for people that were creative and admired art in every meaning.
‘The structure of the Bauhaus reflected a pragmatic approach to integrating theory and application’. The Bauhaus movement transformed the design and production of modern architecture and has used steel frames and glass walls and windows. Gropius used a big amount of glass to make the building feel like an open space. Open space suggests that he wanted to make people feel free and independent. The amazing structure of the Bauhaus gives an incredible impression particularly at night time when the lights highlight the beauty and freedom of glass walls.
Architecture became modern when the revolution of materials and technology appeared in 20th century. You can perceive …
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