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Essay: Distance Still Matters – Ghemawat

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  • Subject area(s): Business essays
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  • Published: January 16, 2020*
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  • Distance Still Matters - Ghemawat
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Ghemawat (2001) easily attracted readers by naming this article Distance Still Matters. In this article one can appreciate the discussion more rational approach to evaluating global opportunities. Ghemawat (2001) clearly displayed for the research in the introduction. The purpose for measuring the impact of distance in an industry was to identify highly promising global investment opportunities. The author’s approach relied on models based on this theory explain up to two-thirds of the observed variations in trade flows between pairs of countries. The two instruments used in this study were Cultural-distance, Administrative-distance, Geographic-distance, and Economic-distance model (CAGE) and the Country Portfolio Analysis (CAP) (Ghemawat, 2001).The participants of the study included 20 countries and resulted in Mexico ranking 16th of 20 with a total fast-food consumption of $700 million using the CPA method


Many companies normally exaggerate the appeal of foreign markets. Amazed by the sheer size of undiscovered markets, they dismiss the troubles of spearheading new, frequently altogether different regions. The issue is established in the scientific devices (the most conspicuous being nation portfolio investigation, or CPA) that administrators use to pass judgment on worldwide speculations. By concentrating on national riches, customer wage, and individuals’ penchant to expend, CPA accentuates potential deals, overlooking the expenses and dangers of working together in another market. A large portion of these expenses and dangers result from the hindrances made by remove. The CAGE system of separation introduced four characteristics: social separation, managerial or political separation, geographic separation, and monetary separation. This structure can recognize the manners by which potential markets might be inaccessible from existing ones. The article investigates how different kinds of separation can influence diverse sorts of ventures and shows how drastically an express thought of separation can change an organization’s photo of its vital choices.

Approach and Methods

Ghemwat (2001) approaches his study using the CAGE system and CAP. The cultural distance separated religious convictions, race, social standards, and dialect that are diverse for the objective nation and the nation of the organization thinking about extension. The administrative distance separated settlement colonizer joins, basic cash, and exchange game plans. Finally, the Geographic-distance separated aberrations in the two nations’ riches or purchaser pay and varieties in the expense and nature of money related and different assets. According to the charts, the CPA approach paints an incomplete picture, unless it is adjusted for distance. Therefore, the CAGE system was easier to understand.


In order to decide whether to expand into a particular foreign country Ghemawat (2001) had to develop a hypothesis. He believed that if the possible impact of distance in all its dimensions was analyzed, then one could aid the odds of investing in profitable foreign markets. This discussion is relevant to the methods and approach in regards the CAGE system.

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